Presentation on theme: "Skill Themes in Gymnastics"— Presentation transcript:
1Skill Themes in Gymnastics Chapter 30Skill Themes in Gymnastics
2Chapter 30 Key PointsChapter aims to foster an understanding of the teaching of movement concepts and skill themes in gymnasticsSelf-testing nature and use of apparatus in gymnastics makes it different from the teaching of the dance or gamesSelf-testing challenges allow children to:Receive immediate feedback regarding the skill they are performingReceive feedback which is personal and not dependent on othersParticipate in tasks which are natural movements to children and where success can be achieved without the participation of others.
3Chapter 30 Key Points Educational Gymnastics Is different from and has different purposes from Olympic gymnastics (which is best taught after school)Provides learning experiences that teaches children to effectively control and maneuver their bodies against the force of gravity both on the floor and on apparatusProvides a foundation that introduces to gymnastic-type activities and increases their skills
4Chapter 30 Key Points Educational Gymnastics (cont) Integrates skill themes (traveling, jumping and landing, balancing, weight transfer) and movement concepts (space awareness, effort and relationships)Important to incorporate skill themes and movement concepts into gymnastics only after children have experienced them in isolation and/or in games/dance contexts
5Chapter 30 Key Points Educational Gymnastics (cont) Are either floor or apparatus experiencesFloor: include movements done on mat, carpet or grassApparatus: include movements done in relation to equipment e.g. tables, benches, beams, bars, boxes, playground equipment.Teach for mastery of balancing, weight transfer and rolling skills on floor first before attempting them on apparatusProgression from floor activities low, large surface area apparatus higher, more narrow apparatus.
6Floor Experiences in Educational Gymnastics Precontrol Level• Balance on different body parts• Balance on wide bases of support• Balance in different shapes• Curve body in rounded shape for rolling/rocking• Transfer weight safely on and off equipmentControl Level• Roll from different positions and in different directions• Inverted balance with an emphasis on body alignment and muscular tension• Concept of stillness• Combine skills and combine skills and concepts• Introduction to sequencing
7Floor Experiences in Educational Gymnastics (cont) Utilization Level• More advanced and complex sequences of movement• Combinations of balances, weight‑transfer actions, and travelingProficiency Level• Maintain weight on hands• Take a partner’s weight• Focus on the quality of movement execution• Execute concepts such as acceleration and deceleration, strong and light, bound and free in sequences• Repeat sequences of several movements• Mirror or matching a partner’s movements• Several students support one another’s weight
8Chapter 30 Key Points Teaching Educational Gymnastics Sequences in gymnasticsRequire students to memorize and repeat skills in orderCan be facilitated for children by having them recorder on paperCan be recorded using notation systemsIntroduce apparatus experiences, after children demonstrate mastery on floor experiences and sequencesOutdoor playground equipment can be used to provide additional/supplemental exploration opportunities or when indoor facilities are unavailable
9Apparatus Experiences in Educational Gymnastics Precontrol Level• Explore the equipment and discover safe ways to get on and off (traveling on it, jumping from it, hanging on it, etc.)• Obstacle courses designed from available equipmentControl Level• Continue to explore the apparatus• Begin to focus on different ways to move in relation to the equipment (traveling, balancing, jumping, etc.)• Skills that are mastered during the floor experiences are attempted on various pieces of apparatus
10Apparatus Experiences in Educational Gymnastics (cont) Utilization Level• Try different ways to get onto, over, and off apparatus• Experiment with weight transference and nonsymmetrical and inverted balancesProficiency Level• Concentrate on the quality of movements as they are used repeatedly in sequences (flowing movements that are smooth and fluent)• Focus on increasingly complex movements (i.e. balancing, traveling, supporting weight)
11Chapter 30 Key Points Teaching Educational Gymnastics (cont) Safety IssuesTeachers need to be constantly concerned with safety issues related to equipment, class organization, management and selection of tasks, especially due to the risk taking nature of gymnastics
12Creating Safe and Successful Gymnastics Learning Experiences • Focus on educational gymnastics, not Olympic‑style stunts• Always match the student’s level of development with the task (using intratask variation to provide for individual differences)• Plan simple to complex skill progression—experiences should be presented sequentially• Make sure students master each task before progressing on to the next
13Creating Safe and Successful Gymnastics Learning Experiences (cont) • Never link performance to a “grade”• Do not rush the mastery of gymnastics skills—it’s a slow process• Teach gymnastics in an appropriate learning environment where children accept responsibility for their own safety and behavior• Teach children to move gymnastics apparatus correctly and safely• Once children can demonstrate the ability to work safely and independently, organize gymnastics tasks in stations to make the most efficient use of equipment and time