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Chapter 3 Skill Themes, Movement Concepts, and the National Standards.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3 Skill Themes, Movement Concepts, and the National Standards."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 3 Skill Themes, Movement Concepts, and the National Standards

2 Chapter 3 Key Points Teachers employing the Skill Theme approach focus on helping children become skillful movers so that they can successfully participate in physical activities. The primary goal is to develop competency in basic motor skills and confident to try and enjoy a variety of sports and physical activities

3 Skill Themes in Physical Education Locomotor Skills Walking Running Hopping Skipping Galloping Sliding Chasing, fleeing, and dodging Nonmanipulative Skills Turning Twisting Rolling Balancing Transferring weight Jumping and landing Stretching Curling Manipulative Skills Throwing Catching and collecting Kicking Punting Dribbling Volleying Striking with rackets Striking with long-handed implements and paddles

4 Chapter 3 Key Points Skill Themes Fundamental movements that apply to many different sports and physical activities (how they are used depends on sport or physical activity) Are the “verbs” or “action words” Movement Concepts The “ideas”or “modifiers” that enrich the range and effectiveness of a movement Relate to the quality of the movement, describing how the skill is to be performed Are the “adverbs” which modify the “verb”

5 Skill Themes Used in Sports

6 Movement Concepts in Physical Education Space Awareness (where the body moves) Location Directions Levels Pathways Extensions Effort (how the body moves) Time Force Flow Relationships (with whom, or what the body moves) Of body parts With objects and/or people With people

7 Movement Analysis Framework: The Wheel

8 Chapter 3 Key Points The “Wheel” shows how the Skill Themes and Movement Concepts can work together and are interrelated Early elementary focus should be on addressing movement concepts while practicing skill themes Later elementary years focus should be on the learning and quality of the skill themes themselves

9 Chapter 3 Key Points Progression Spiral graphically represents: How content progresses from easiest to hardest, less to more complex Progression from pre-control to proficiency level How people may vary in their level of performance on a specific skill theme according to the context of the task.

10 Progression Spiral PUNTING Proficiency Level Playing Punt ‑ Over Punting while traveling Receiving and punting against opponents Utilization Level Playing rush the circle Punting within a limited time Receiving a pass, then punting Punting to a partner Punting at angles Control Level Punting for height Punting for accuracy Using punting zones Punting for distance Punting different types of balls Punting with an approach Punting over low ropes Punting for consistency Precontrol Level Dropping and punting Dropping, bouncing, and kicking lightweight balls

11 Chapter 3 Key Points Children Moving attempts to show how NASPE Standards fits into a “Skill-Theme” approach. Provides: 1. Sample benchmarks from NASPE standards to help teachers develop content to meet sample benchmarks 2. Assessment examples to help teachers determine pupil progress National Standards document is not a national curriculum. It is a guide to the important components of a physical education program that will help teachers’ “guide children in the process of becoming physically active for lifetime”

12 The Seven content Standards for Physical Education from the National Standards for Physical Education A Physically Educated Person: 1. Demonstrates competency in many movement forms and proficiency in few movement forms 2. Applies movement concepts and principles to the learning and development of motor skills 3. Exhibits a physically active lifestyle 4. Achieves and maintains a health-enhancing level of physical fitness 5. Demonstrates understanding and respect for differences among people in physical activity settings 6. Demonstrates understanding and respect for differences among people in physical activity settings 7. Understands that physical activity provides opportunities for enjoyments, challenge, self-expression and social interaction

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