Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

©Subject Support 2010.. Hairs: Filter Dust, Pollen and Foreign bodies Air is warmed and moistened Cilia transport foreign particles to the Pharynx.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "©Subject Support 2010.. Hairs: Filter Dust, Pollen and Foreign bodies Air is warmed and moistened Cilia transport foreign particles to the Pharynx."— Presentation transcript:

1 ©Subject Support 2010.

2

3

4 Hairs: Filter Dust, Pollen and Foreign bodies Air is warmed and moistened Cilia transport foreign particles to the Pharynx

5 ©Subject Support EPIGLOTTIS : Flap of cartilage at the back of the tongue Closes when swallowing to direct food to the stomach PHARYNX: Tube in the Throat

6 ©Subject Support LARYNX: Voice Box. Contains Vocal Chords Connects Pharynx to Trachea TRACHEA: Windpipe Rings of cartilage stop it from collapsing Branches into Bronchi

7 ©Subject Support Bronchus: Carry air into lungs Branches into Lobar Bronchi Bronchial Network = Bronchial Tree Bronchioles: Small airways 1mm Diameter End in Air Sacs

8 ©Subject Support Left Lung is smaller than the right Right Lung has 3 lobes Left Lung has 2 lobes Pleural Membrane: Pleura surround the lungs Cavity within lubricates pleural surfaces preventing friction

9 ©Subject Support Visceral Pleura – Inner Pleural membrane Covers the lung surface Pleural Fluid Produced by the membrane Lubricating Fluid

10 ©Subject Support million gas-filled air sacs in each lung Huge area for GASEOUS EXCHANGE Capillaries surround the alveoli O 2 into blood CO 2 into alveoli

11 ©Subject Support Divides the Chest and Abdomen Breathing muscle Contraction Increases chest cavity Relaxation decreases

12 ©Subject Support Internal and External INTERNAL – Inside Ribcage Move ribs DOWN + IN EXTERNAL – Outside Ribcage MOVE ribs UP + OUT

13 ©Subject Support Gaseous Exchange Breathing Lung Volumes Control of breathing

14 ©Subject Support Diffusion between air(alveoli) – blood(capillaries) Partial Pressure – Gases in contact with liquid diffuse into a solution

15 ©Subject Support Blood entering the capillaries – Low O 2 Content / High CO 2 Content O 2 Diffuses into the blood CO 2 Diffuses into the Alveoli

16 ©Subject Support Intercostal muscles contract Ribs lifted UP+OUT Diaphragm forced down Pressure drops Air floods into the lungs

17 ©Subject Support Intercostal muscles relax Ribs fall DOWN+IN Diaphragm RELAXES Pressure increases Air floods out of the lungs

18 ©Subject Support Respiratory Rate = Amount of air breathed in 1 Minute. Tidal Volume = Amount of air breathed in/out in one breath Increases during exercise

19 ©Subject Support Inspiratory Reserve Volume = Breathing in deeply. Over and above tidal volume Expiratory Reserve Volume = Breathing out forcefully.

20 ©Subject Support Vital Capacity = Maximum Inspiration followed by Maximal Expiration Residual Volume = Lungs never fully empty – Prevents collapse Total Lung Capacity = Vital Capacity + Residual Volume

21 ©Subject Support NEURAL CONTROL Controlled from the Medulla in the brain Send impulses to Neurones CHEMICAL CONTROL Chemoreceptors sense changes in Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Located in Aorta and Carotid Arteries


Download ppt "©Subject Support 2010.. Hairs: Filter Dust, Pollen and Foreign bodies Air is warmed and moistened Cilia transport foreign particles to the Pharynx."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google