Presentation on theme: "Mammals. To transports O 2 and CO 2 from atmosphere to the cells Two types –External: use lungs to exchange gases from the air to our blood –Internal:"— Presentation transcript:
To transports O 2 and CO 2 from atmosphere to the cells Two types –External: use lungs to exchange gases from the air to our blood –Internal: to exchange gases between our blood and our cells Respiratory System Purpose:
Respiratory system is located in the thoracic cavity. –Lies above the diaphragm –The diaphragm is a large sheet-like muscle that divides the thoracic and abdominal cavities.
Nasal hairs filter air Nasal chambers moistens and warms the air. Respiratory System 1. As you breathe in the air should enter via your nostrils/nares.
2. Air then passes through the pharynx Back of throat area/behind uvula A common passage for food & air 3. The pharynx directs air into the larynx. -Larynx is referred to as the Adam’s Apple or Voice Box -Inside the larynx is the vocal cords -As air passes through the vocal cords these thin bands of tissue vibrate allowing you to make sounds.
4. The larynx has a flap of tissue protecting its opening called the epiglottis. When you swallow this flap closes making a slight sound. –Purpose of the epiglottis is to prevent food from entering and blocking the respiratory pathway.
5.From the larynx the air passes into the trachea. –Known as the windpipe –Approximately 4 ½ inches long –Protected by rings of cartilage that prevents it from collapsing as air moves in and out.
6. The trachea branches to make two smaller tubes called bronchi –Bronchi direct the air into the lungs –Bronchi divide into smaller branches called bronchioles. –Bronchioles keep dividing up to 20 times and eventually becoming the air ducts.
-Bronchioles, bronchi and trachea are all lined with small hair like structures called cilia. –Cilia trap foreign particles and push them back towards the throat area. -Air ducts empty into our air sacs or alveoli.
7. -Alveoli is where our gases are exchanged -Average human has 300,000,000 alveoli.
Respiratory System Trachea Bronchi Bronchioles Alveoli
The lungs are surrounded by a double membrane known as the pleura. –Keeps the lungs pressurized so air can move in and out. –Secretes a slippery fluid which reduces friction
Mammal lungs are made up of several lobes. –3 lobes on right side –2 lobes on left side
Inspiration: –Air moves into the lungs from the atmosphere. Air we breathe is 21% oxygen and.03% carbon dioxide Expiration: –Air moves out of the lungs into the atmosphere Air we exhale is 14% oxygen and 5.6% carbon dioxide.
Lets examine how this happens……………………………..
Inspiration/Inhaling: –Air moves into lungs Chest expands –Ribcage moves up and out / expands space –Diaphragm flattens and pushes down –Abdominal muscles relax. Increase volume of thoracic cavity Pressure inside the cavity is lower than outside the cavity Air moves from high to low causing air to move into the lungs.
Expiration/Exhaling: Air moves out of lungs -Chest decreases in size -Ribcage relaxes and moves in -Diaphragm moves up into a concaved shape. -Abdominal muscles contract. Decrease volume of thoracic cavity Pressure inside the cavity is higher than outside the cavity Air moves from high to low causing air to move out the lungs.