Presentation on theme: "Respiratory System Objectives:"— Presentation transcript:
1Respiratory System Objectives: Describe the structure of the respiratory system.Analyze the function of the respiratory system.
2Respiratory SystemIncludes the nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, alveoli, lungs, and pleura.
3Nasal Cavity Nasal Septum=divides nasal cavities into R and L sides Cilia- the hairs in your nose, trap larger dirt particles.
4Sinuses- cavities in the skull Connected to the nasal cavity, by ductsLined with mucous membrane to warm and moisten airSinuses give resonance to the voice.
5Pharynx Pharynx The throat Common passageway for air and food 5” long When food is swallowed, the Epiglottis closes over the opening to the larynx preventing food from entering the lungsPharynx
6Meet the Larynx Larynx- voice box Triangular chamber below the pharynx Within the larynx are vocal cordsEpiglottis covers larynx during swallowingAdam’s appleProduces soundMade of cartilage fibrous plates
7Meet the Trachea Windpipe. 4 ½ in. long. Walls are alternate bands of membrane and C shaped rings of hyaline cartilage to keep trachea open and more rigidLined with ciliated mucous membrane.Coughing and expectoration gets rid of dust-laden mucous.
8Did Someone say Bronchi and Bronchioles are next? Lower end of trachea divides into R and L bronchusBecome bronchial tubes and bronchioles as braonches enter lungsPassageway for air from trachea to alveoli in lungs
9AlveoliClusters of thin-walled sacs made of single layer epithelial tissueInner surfaces covered with Surfactant to keep alveoli from collapsingEach alveolus surrounded by capillariesO2 and CO2 exchange takes place between the alveoli and capillaries (diffusion)
10Lovely Lungs Fill the thoracic cavity Upper part=apex Lower part=base Lung tissue porous and spongy –it floatsR lung=larger and shorter displaced by the liver and has 3 lobesL lung smaller displaced by the heart and has 2 lobes
11Pretty Pleura Thin, moist slippery membrane that covers the lungs. Double walled sac.Space is pleural cavity filled with pleural fluid to prevent friction.
12Test your gray matter….. Alveoli Larynx Pleura Speech Trachea What structure of the respiratory system is responsible for voice production?Which body function is made possible by fibrous plates contained within the cartilage of the larynx?The respiratory system ends in millions of tiny, thin walled sacs called:What covers the outer surface of the lungs and lines the inner surface of the rib cage?The windpipe is referred to as the:The wall of the trachea are made more rigid by the presence of:Each lung is divided into two or three parts called:When the trachea divides to enter both lungs, the tubes that are formed are called:AlveoliLarynxPleuraSpeechTracheaRings of CartilageLobesBronchi
13The medical name for the throat is the: The partition that separated the nose into right and left cavities is the:The medical name for the throat is the:PharynxSeptum
14Function of the Respiratory System External respiration, internal respiration , and cellular respirationProduction of sound (vocal cords)
15Pulmonary Ventilation (Breathing) Inspiration InhalationIntercostal muscles lift ribs outward, sternum rises and the diaphragm contracts and moves downward this increases the volume of the lungs and air rushes in.
16Pulmonary Ventilation ExpirationOpposite action takes place.Exhalation is a passive process
17Respiratory Movements 1 inspiration + 1 expiration=1 respirationNormal adult = 14-20Respirations per minuteIncreases with exercise, body temperature, certain diseases.Age-newborm= 40-60/minSleep= respiration Emotion can or rate
18CoughingDeep breath followed by forceful expulsion of air – to clear lower respiratory tractHiccups – spasm of the diaphragm and spasmotic closure of the glottis- irritation to diaphragm or phrenic nerve.
19SneezingAir forced through nose to clear respiratory tractYawningDeep prolonged breath that fills the lungs, increases oxygen within the blood
20Control Breathing Breathing controlled by neural and chemical factors. Neural FactorsRespiratory center located in the Medulla Oblongata on CO2 or O2 in the blood will trigger respiratory centerPhrenic Nerve- stimulates the diaphragmChemical FactorsDepends on the levels of CO2 in the blood (respiratory center in the brain)Chemoreceptors in aorta and carotid arteries sensitive to the amount of blood O2