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Warm Up 1. "The Fourteen Points" of the early 20th century

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Presentation on theme: "Warm Up 1. "The Fourteen Points" of the early 20th century"— Presentation transcript:

1 Warm Up 1. "The Fourteen Points" of the early 20th century
A) was a declaration of US neutrality. B) warned Americans not to travel on European ships. C) provided secret aid to Britain before the US entered the war. D) were issued by President Wilson as a basis for a lasting peace. 2. Following World War I, the Allies A) created the United Nations to prevent another such conflict. B) agreed to unite against the rising power of the United States. C) agreed to immediately grant independence to their colonial possessions around the world. D) blamed Germany for the starting the war and forced them to compensate all countries involved.

2 Warm Up 3. In the months leading up to World War I, the United States wanted to maintain its neutrality because A) President Wilson was a Quaker and was against warfare of any kind. B) the armed forces were preoccupied with problems on the Mexican border. C) the U.S. had the strongest navy in the world and it was needed to keep the coastline secure. D) the U.S. was trading heavily with European nations and did not want its business interrupted. 4. What country left World War I in 1917 and made a separate peace with the Central Powers? France Russia England United States

3 Activating Strategy Complete this sentence in your notebook.
President Wilson wanted ________ and France, Italy and Great Britain wanted ________ at the Peace Conference.

4 What did European leaders want?
European leaders had their own goals of peace They wanted to prevent future invasions They wanted to make losing nations, especially Germany, pay for the destruction of the war

5 Did Wilson agree with European leaders?
Eventually, Wilson gave up on some of his Fourteen Points He focused primary on creating an international peacekeeping organization, the League of Nations Wilson thought that the League of Nations would be able to fix unfair treaty terms later

6 What was the Treaty of Versailles?
The Treaty of Versailles was the name given to the peace agreement created after the war It was given its name because it was signed at the Palace of Versailles in Paris, France Germany considered the treaty too harsh and most unfair

7 What were the terms of the treaty?
Treaty of Versailles Responsibility Germany forced to take blame for the war Germany forced to pay reparations International Relations League of Nations created Territory New nations created in Eastern Europe Germany forced to return territory to France Military Strength Size of Germany army and navy reduced Germany banned from military bases near the Rhine River

8 What new nations were created?
Two empires disappeared: the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the Ottoman Empire Land taken from Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia created the following nations: Finland Latvia Estonia Poland Lithuania Czechoslovakia Austria Hungary Yugoslavia Forming new nations created new problems, almost every nation had different ethnic groups living together…

9 Assessment Prompt think, write, share
List three outcomes of World War I. Rank them in order of importance 1 being the best, 3 being the worst Justify.

10 Learning Activity 2 Annotate and Analyze the Treaty of Versailles
Compare Wilson’s 14 points to the Treaty of Versaille

11 Assessment Prompt 2 What is the relationship between Wilson’s 14 points and the Treaty of Versailles?

12 Summarizing Strategy I learned ______, _________,and _______ today but the most important thing I learn was__________.

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