Presentation on theme: "Warm Up 1. "The Fourteen Points" of the early 20th century"— Presentation transcript:
1 Warm Up 1. "The Fourteen Points" of the early 20th century A) was a declaration of US neutrality.B) warned Americans not to travel on European ships.C) provided secret aid to Britain before the US entered the war.D) were issued by President Wilson as a basis for a lasting peace.2. Following World War I, the AlliesA) created the United Nations to prevent another such conflict.B) agreed to unite against the rising power of the United States.C) agreed to immediately grant independence to their colonial possessions around the world.D) blamed Germany for the starting the war and forced them to compensate all countries involved.
2 Warm Up3. In the months leading up to World War I, the United States wanted to maintain its neutrality becauseA) President Wilson was a Quaker and was against warfare of any kind.B) the armed forces were preoccupied with problems on the Mexican border.C) the U.S. had the strongest navy in the world and it was needed to keep the coastline secure.D) the U.S. was trading heavily with European nations and did not want its business interrupted.4. What country left World War I in 1917 and made a separate peace with the Central Powers?FranceRussiaEnglandUnited States
3 Activating Strategy Complete this sentence in your notebook. President Wilson wanted ________ and France, Italy and Great Britain wanted ________ at the Peace Conference.
4 What did European leaders want? European leaders had their own goals of peaceThey wanted to prevent future invasionsThey wanted to make losing nations, especially Germany, pay for the destruction of the war
5 Did Wilson agree with European leaders? Eventually, Wilson gave up on some of his Fourteen PointsHe focused primary on creating an international peacekeeping organization, the League of NationsWilson thought that the League of Nations would be able to fix unfair treaty terms later
6 What was the Treaty of Versailles? The Treaty of Versailles was the name given to the peace agreement created after the warIt was given its name because it was signed at the Palace of Versailles in Paris, FranceGermany considered the treaty too harsh and most unfair
7 What were the terms of the treaty? Treaty of VersaillesResponsibilityGermany forced to take blame for the warGermany forced to pay reparationsInternational RelationsLeague of Nations createdTerritoryNew nations created in Eastern EuropeGermany forced to return territory to FranceMilitary StrengthSize of Germany army and navy reducedGermany banned from military bases near the Rhine River
8 What new nations were created? Two empires disappeared: the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the Ottoman EmpireLand taken from Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia created the following nations:FinlandLatviaEstoniaPolandLithuaniaCzechoslovakiaAustriaHungaryYugoslaviaForming new nations created new problems, almost every nation had different ethnic groups living together…
9 Assessment Prompt think, write, share List three outcomes of World War I.Rank them in order of importance1 being the best, 3 being the worstJustify.
10 Learning Activity 2 Annotate and Analyze the Treaty of Versailles Compare Wilson’s 14 points to the Treaty of Versaille
11 Assessment Prompt 2What is the relationship between Wilson’s 14 points and the Treaty of Versailles?
12 Summarizing StrategyI learned ______, _________,and _______ today but the most important thing I learn was__________.