Presentation on theme: "The Impact of The Treaty of Versailles. You will see a series of five original photographs from World War I. For each photograph quick write your reaction."— Presentation transcript:
Allied Powers: Britain- 1.1 million France- 1.3 million Russia- 2 million Central Powers: Germany- 2 million Austria-Hungary-1 million Total Military Deaths: 10 million Overall Death Totals: 16 million
What were the major provisions of the Treaty of Versailles? What potential problems do you foresee with the peace treaty?
The Big Three: France, U.S. Great Britain meet at Versailles, France to decide on the post-WWI world Great Britain and France want to punish Germany while Woodrow Wilson wants to help rebuild the defeated nations
Germany losses Alsace-Lorraine and the west bank of the Rhine River to France Germany surrenders all overseas colonies Russia loses major territory on their western border. New nations are created: Finland, Poland, Estonia, Lithuania, Austria, Hungary, Turkey, and some others. The Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian Empires are destroyed. The Middle Eastern territories formally under control of the Ottomans are put under control of the British and French.
Germany takes solo responsibility for war found in the “war guilt” clause Germany forced to pay overly high reparations of $33 billion dollars by Britain and France as pay-back
Limits set in size of German army Germany can not import or make weapons or war materials Germany can not build or buy submarines or have an air force
International peace organization of 32 countries Germany and Russia exclude Woodrow Wilson (president of the United States during World War I) insisted the League of Nations be included in treaty League of Nations was meant to help prevent another world war