Presentation on theme: "Remember…… 1917- US sent troops to fight for the allies By 1918 Germany was significantly weakened and asked for an armistice (peace agreement) On 11/11."— Presentation transcript:
Remember…… US sent troops to fight for the allies By 1918 Germany was significantly weakened and asked for an armistice (peace agreement) On 11/11 at 11 am. This was officially signed (Veteran's Day in the US)
Prior to 11/11 On November 5 th Germany had accepted Wilson's 14 points as the basis for peace and an armistice (signed 6 days later on 11/11) However, when the final treaty was signed the 14 points were largely forgotten.
Paris Peace Conference: Russia and the Central Powers were not allowed to participate
Wilson wanted peace without punishing other countries France wanted to punish Germany, Britain wanted prosperity
A rise in nationalism caused many groups who had been ruled by Russia, Austria- Hungary, and the Ottoman empire to want independence
When the new states were created, ethnic groups were often divided into separate states
The League of Nations was created, which was a group of nations who came together to work for world peace
The League of Nations 40 nations joined in hopes of allying for peace The US Congress felt adding to their alliances could pull them into a future war (remember the A in MAIN after all) so CONGRESS REJECTED THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS & THE US NEVER JOINED.
The Treaty of Versailles The Big 3- US, Great Britain, and France made a lot of decisions at the peace conference without Germany who was not allowed to attend and defend the decisions that would directly affect their country= GERMANY MAD The Treaty of Versailles was not about keeping peace, but instead about seeking revenge- some people say this led to WWII because of German anger
Treaty of Versailles- land loss Territory and colonies were taken from Germany – forced many Germans to move Austria-Hungarian and Ottoman empires broke up
The mandate system is created (Middle East)
Treaty of Versailles (B.A.R.) Blame= Germany was forced to assume responsibility for the war
(dis)Armament Germanys military was limited
Repartitions (money) Germany was forced to pay reparations for destruction and dead soldiers