2 Costs of the War Make a quick list of some of the costs of the war. What was Europe like at the brink of war in 1914 compared to Europe in 1918?How will the end of this war impact each of these countries?GermanyFranceBritainUnited StatesWhat do we see in the infographic on page 835?
3 WWI EndsNovember 11, 1918 Germany and Austria-Hungary sought an armisticean agreement to stop fightingGermany thought of it as a cease-fire, not a surrender
4 Should the loser pay?Tradition dictated that in war, the winner gets a benefit – land, assets or money.Germany extracted reparations out of Russia in 1917.Prussia (before it became Germany) got money and territory out of France.What do you think?
5 The Germans shall pay!The Allies (Triple Entente) blamed the losers and wanted them to make reparationsPayments for the war damagePayment decided in 1921269 Billion gold marks (about 100,000 tons of gold)In 2011, worth about $785 Billion
6 Paris Peace Conference Allies met to discuss the outcome of the warDifferent agendas- different countries wanted different things.Revenge and punishment was central.
7 Wilson’s 14 pointsWoodrow Wilson wanted a lasting peace to come from WWI.He developed his 14 points to ensure that war would not occur again.In your notebook, write an interpretation for each of the 14 points.Work with your immediate neighbor.
9 The League of NationsCreated to encourage diplomacy, trust and prevent another warPromoted by Woodrow Wilson.40 nations joined.US didn’t join – opposed by the Senate.
10 Treaty of VersaillesJune 1919 allies had the new German Republic sign the treatyThey were forced to sign…
11 Germany would: Take full blame for causing the war Pay widows and families $30 billion ($2.7 trillion today)Return Alsace and Lorraine to FranceLose coloniesLose portions of land in eastern and western Germany
16 Create a table in your notebook. Create a chart like the one on page 836. Use the information on pages to fill in your chart.
17 After World War I War Debt Fear of German Strength Nationalism IssueTreaty SettlementProblemsWar DebtFear of German StrengthNationalismColonies and Other Non/EuropeanLeague of Nations
18 After World War I War Debt Fear of German Strength Nationalism Treaty Settlement - Because of the Treaty, the new German Republic had to make large payments to pay for the damage caused by the war.Problems - These payments would hurt an already damaged German economy.Fear of German StrengthTreaty Settlement - The treaty limited the size of the German militaryProblems - German’s resented the treaty demandsNationalismTreaty Settlement - The treaty created new statesProblems - Some ethnic groups became unwanted minorities in the new states.
19 After World War cont. Colonies and Other Non/European Territories Treaty Settlement - The treaty created a system of mandatesProblems - Mandates added to imperial rule instead of ending itLeague of NationsTreaty Settlements - The treaty established the League of NationsProblems - The US did not join, weakening the League’s power.