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Outcomes of WWI. Costs of the War  Make a quick list of some of the costs of the war.  What was Europe like at the brink of war in 1914 compared to.

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Presentation on theme: "Outcomes of WWI. Costs of the War  Make a quick list of some of the costs of the war.  What was Europe like at the brink of war in 1914 compared to."— Presentation transcript:

1 Outcomes of WWI

2 Costs of the War  Make a quick list of some of the costs of the war.  What was Europe like at the brink of war in 1914 compared to Europe in 1918?  How will the end of this war impact each of these countries?  Germany  France  Britain  United States  What do we see in the infographic on page 835?

3 WWI Ends  November 11, 1918 Germany and Austria- Hungary sought an armistice  an agreement to stop fighting  Germany thought of it as a cease-fire, not a surrender

4 Should the loser pay?  Tradition dictated that in war, the winner gets a benefit – land, assets or money.  Germany extracted reparations out of Russia in  Prussia (before it became Germany) got money and territory out of France.  What do you think?

5 The Germans shall pay!  The Allies (Triple Entente) blamed the losers and wanted them to make reparations  Payments for the war damage  Payment decided in 1921  269 Billion gold marks (about 100,000 tons of gold)  In 2011, worth about $785 Billion

6 Paris Peace Conference  Allies met to discuss the outcome of the war  Different agendas- different countries wanted different things.  Revenge and punishment was central.

7 Wilson’s 14 points  Woodrow Wilson wanted a lasting peace to come from WWI.  He developed his 14 points to ensure that war would not occur again.  In your notebook, write an interpretation for each of the 14 points.  Work with your immediate neighbor.

8 Start here on Thursday

9 The League of Nations  Created to encourage diplomacy, trust and prevent another war  Promoted by Woodrow Wilson.  40 nations joined.  US didn’t join – opposed by the Senate.

10 Treaty of Versailles JJJJune 1919 allies had the new German Republic sign the treaty TTTThey were forced to sign…

11 Germany would:  Take full blame for causing the war  Pay widows and families $30 billion ($2.7 trillion today)  Return Alsace and Lorraine to France  Lose colonies  Lose portions of land in eastern and western Germany

12 Europe 1914

13 Europe 1920

14 New countries were formed or territories given independence:  Poland  Latvia  Lithuania  Estonia  Czechoslovakia  Austria  Hungary  Yugoslavia

15 German Territorial Losses:

16 Create a table in your notebook. Create a chart like the one on page 836. Use the information on pages to fill in your chart.

17 After World War I Issue Treaty Settlement Problems War Debt Fear of German Strength Nationalism Colonies and Other Non/European League of Nations

18 After World War I  War Debt  Treaty Settlement - Because of the Treaty, the new German Republic had to make large payments to pay for the damage caused by the war.  Problems - These payments would hurt an already damaged German economy.  Fear of German Strength  Treaty Settlement - The treaty limited the size of the German military  Problems - German’s resented the treaty demands  Nationalism  Treaty Settlement - The treaty created new states  Problems - Some ethnic groups became unwanted minorities in the new states.

19 After World War cont.  Colonies and Other Non/EuropeanTerritories  Treaty Settlement - The treaty created a system of mandates  Problems - Mandates added to imperial rule instead of ending it  League of Nations  Treaty Settlements - The treaty established the League of Nations  Problems - The US did not join, weakening the League’s power.


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