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 Axial  Skull Look at which ones are PAIRED General locations Sutures  Ribs  Sternum  Cervical  Thoracic  Lumbar  Appendicular  Scapula  Clavicle.

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Presentation on theme: " Axial  Skull Look at which ones are PAIRED General locations Sutures  Ribs  Sternum  Cervical  Thoracic  Lumbar  Appendicular  Scapula  Clavicle."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Axial  Skull Look at which ones are PAIRED General locations Sutures  Ribs  Sternum  Cervical  Thoracic  Lumbar  Appendicular  Scapula  Clavicle  Humerus  Ulna  Radius  Coxal  Femur  Tibia  Fibula  Tarsals  Carpals

3  Condyle – Smooth, rounded articular surface  Fossa – Depression  Meatus – Tunnel  Spine – Very high ridge  Tuberosity – Knob  Whiplash – hyperextension of the cervical vertebrae

4  Big toe – Hallux  Shinbone – Tibia  Tailbone – Coccyx  Kneecap – Patella  Heel – Calcaneous  Breastbone – Sternum  Thumb – Pollux  Jaw – Mandible  Knuckles – Metacarpals  Finger - phalanges

5  Forehead – Frontal  Collar bone – Clavicle  Hip bone – Coxae (coxal)  Shoulder blade – Scapula  Elbow – Olecranon process  Cheek bone - Zygomatic

6  Large opening in the occipital bone  Allows the exit of the spinal cord from the brain to the vertebrae

7  External auditory meatus

8  Unpaired  No direct bony attachment to the skull  Instead, muscles and ligaments attach it to the skull  Provides an attachment site for some tongue muscles

9  Cervical – neck  Thoracic  Lumbar – lower back  Sacrum  Coccyx - tailbone

10  1 st = Atlas  2 nd = Axis  Has the dens (little knob that allows you to turn your head side to side)

11  Have long, thin spinous processes

12  The ribs articulate with the thoracic vertebrae

13  Lose bone density  Loses cartilage mass of the intervertebral disks – becomes thinner and lose its elasticity

14  Lordosis – exaggerated curve of the lumbar and cervical vertebrae  Kyphosis – Humpback, rounding of the back, slouching posture  Scoliosis – Side to side (lateral) curve  Spina bifida – spinal cord and vertebrae do not close before birth

15  True ribs – articulate with the sternum and the thoracic vertebrae  False ribs – do not attach directly to the sternum, but the ribs above it  Floating ribs – do not attach to the sternum

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17 Radius is on the same side as the thumb

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19  Injury to the joint between the humerus and scapula  Ball and socket joint  Humerus fits into the glenoid cavity

20  ANATOMICAL POSITION  Forearm  Lateral bone – Radius (thumb side)  Medial bone - Ulna  Ankle joint  Lateral side - Fibula  Medial side - Tibia

21  Acetabulum – socket of the pelvis (femur attaches here)  Obturator foramen – holes for nerves/muscles to pass in the coxa  Ilium – uppermost bone of the pelvis  Ischium – lower/back part of the pelvis  Pubic – very bottom of the pelvis

22  Talus – sits between the heel bone (calcaneous) and the tibia/fibula  Coxal – hip bone  Deltoid tuberosity – humerus; rough area for muscle attachment  Greater trochanter – next to the head of the femur  Lateral malleous – distal end of the fibula

23  They both only have 2 bones  Distal and proximal phalanges – NO MEDIAL


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