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Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology, 4th Edition Martini / Bartholomew PowerPoint ® Lecture Outlines prepared by Alan Magid, Duke University The Skeletal.

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Presentation on theme: "Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology, 4th Edition Martini / Bartholomew PowerPoint ® Lecture Outlines prepared by Alan Magid, Duke University The Skeletal."— Presentation transcript:

1 Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology, 4th Edition Martini / Bartholomew PowerPoint ® Lecture Outlines prepared by Alan Magid, Duke University The Skeletal System The Skeletal System 6 6 Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Slides 1 to 137 Part B

2 An Overview of the Skeleton Most Common Bone Markings (Selected) Tuberosity Condyle Facet Fossa Foramen Sinus Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

3 An Overview of the Skeleton Surface Features of Bones Table 6-1 (1 of 2)

4 An Overview of the Skeleton Surface Features of Bones Table 6-1 (2 of 2)

5 An Overview of the Skeleton Skeletal Divisions Axial skeleton Skull Thoracic cage and sternum –aka “the bony thorax’ Vertebral column Appendicular skeleton Upper, lower limbs Pectoral girdle (shoulder bones) Pelvic girdle (hips etc.) Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

6 An Overview of the Skeleton The Skeleton Figure 6-8(a) Please memorize the names of these bones and be able to identify them on a diagram. Skip “coxal bone”

7 An Overview of the Skeleton The Skeleton Figure 6-8(b) Please memorize the names of these bones and be able to identify them on a diagram.

8 An Overview of the Skeleton The Axial and Appendicular Divisions of the Skeleton. Figure 6-9 Please memorize the names of these bones and be able to identify them on a diagram.

9 The Axial Division: The Skull Bones of the Cranium Frontal bone Forehead, superior surface of orbits Parietal bones Sides, roof of skull Occipital bone Foramen magnum (“big hole”) Temporal bones Sides, base Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

10 The Axial Division: The Skull Bones of the Face (continued) Maxillary Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

11 The Axial Division: The Skull The Adult Skull (Part I) Figure 6-10

12 The Axial Division: The Skull Bones of the Face Maxillary bones (upper jaw) Zygomatic bones Zygomatic arch (with temporal bones) Mandible (lower jaw) Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

13 The Axial Division: The Skull Bones of the Face (continued) Nasal bones Lacrimal bones Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

14 The Axial Division: The Skull Bones of the Face (continued) Paranasal sinuses Frontal Maxillary Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

15 The Axial Division: The Skull The Adult Skull (Part II) Figure 6-11(a)

16 The Axial Division: The Skull Sectional Anatomy of the Skull Figure 6-12(a) THIS VIEW OF SKULL NOT ON TEST!

17 The Axial Division: The Skull The Paranasal Sinuses Figure 6-13 No need to learn these names. Just know where sinuses are located.

18 The Axial Division: The Skull The Hyoid Bone Figure 6-14

19 Axial Division: The Skull Skull of a Newborn Figure 6-15(b)

20 Vertebral Column/Thoracic Cage Vertebral Column (Spine) 26 Bones 7 Cervical vertebrae (C 1 to C 7 ) 12 Thoracic vertebrae (T 1 to T 12 ) 5 Lumbar vertebrae (L 1 to L 5 ) Sacrum Coccyx (tailbone) Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

21 Vertebral Column/Thoracic Cage Spinal Curvature Alignment of body weight Shock absorption Thoracic Sacral Cervical Lumbar Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

22 Vertebral Column/Thoracic Cage Figure 6-16 Vertebral Column

23 Vertebral Column/Thoracic Cage Typical Vertebrae of the Cervical Region Figure 6-17(a)

24 Vertebral Column/Thoracic Cage Figure 6-17(b) Typical Vertebrae of the Thoracic Region

25 Vertebral Column/Thoracic Cage Typical Vertebrae of the Lumbar Region Figure 6-17(c)

26 Vertebral Column/Thoracic Cage The Atlas and Axis Figure 6-18

27 Vertebral Column/Thoracic Cage The Sacrum and Coccyx Figure 6-19(b) Just know that these are the sacrum & coccyx

28 Vertebral Column/Thoracic Cage Components of Thoracic Cage Thoracic vertebrae Ribs Seven pairs of true ribs Cartilaginous (hyaline) joint with sternum Five pairs of false ribs Sternum has 3 parts from sup. to inf. Manubrium, body, xiphoid process Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

29 Vertebral Column/Thoracic Cage Thoracic Cage Figure 6-20(a)

30 Vertebral Column/Thoracic Cage The Thoracic Cage Figure 6-20(b)

31 Appendicular Division Pectoral (Shoulder) Girdle Components Scapulae (“shoulder blades”) Coracoid process Acromium Scapular spine Clavicles (“collar bones”) Functions Shoulder, arm movement Articulation for arm Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

32 Appendicular Division The Clavicle * = parts to memorize Figure 6-21 * * * = you need to know it

33 Appendicular Division The Scapula * = parts to memorize Figure 6-22 * * * * *

34 Appendicular Division Upper Limb Humerus Head articulates with scapula Distal condyle articulates with forearm Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

35 Appendicular Division The Humerus * = parts to memorize Figure 6-23 * * * * *

36 Appendicular Division Bones of the Forearm Radius Lateral (thumb side) Head articulates with humerus Radial tuberosity attaches biceps brachii Participates in wrist joint Ulna Trochlear notch articulates with humerus Olecranon forms point of elbow Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

37 Appendicular Division Radius & Ulna Figure 6-24 *= parts to memorize * * * *

38 Appendicular Division Bones of the Wrist and Hand Two rows of carpal bones Proximal articulation with radius Distal articulation with metacarpal bones Proximal phalanges (finger bones) articulate with metacarpals Three phalanges/finger Two phalanges/thumb (pollex) Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

39 Appendicular Division Bones of the Wrist and Hand Figure 6-25

40 Appendicular Division The Pelvic Girdle Formed by two coxae (hipbones) Coxa formed by fusion of: Ilium Ischium Pubis Pubic symphysis limit movement Pelvis formed by coxae, sacrum, coccyx Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

41 Appendicular Division Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 6-26(a) The Pelvis Memorize ALL parts shown * Pubic symphysis

42 Appendicular Division Figure 6-26(b) The Pelvis

43 Appendicular Division The Pelvis Figure 6-26(c) Memorize ALL parts shown

44 Appendicular Division Differences in the Anatomy of the Pelvis in Males and Females Figure 6-27

45 Appendicular Division Bones of the Lower Limb Femur (thighbone) Patella (kneecap) Tibia (shinbone) Fibula Ankle bones Foot bones Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

46 Appendicular Division The Femur Figure 6-28 * * * * * * * *

47 Appendicular Division Bones of the Lower Limb Features of the tibia Tibial tuberosity Patellar tendon attachment Medial malleolus Features of the fibula Lateral malleolus Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

48 Appendicular Division Right Tibia and Fibula Figure 6-29 * * * * * *

49 Appendicular Division The Bones of the Ankle and Foot Ankle Seven tarsal bones Talus Joint with tibia, fibula Foot Calcaneus (heel bone) Major load-bearing bone Metatarsal bones Five phalanges (toes) Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

50 Appendicular Division The Bones of the Ankle and Foot Figure 6-30(a) * *

51 Appendicular Division Figure 6-30(b) The Bones of the Ankle and Foot * * *


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