Presentation on theme: "How did the actions of Britain and France affect the United States?"— Presentation transcript:
How did the actions of Britain and France affect the United States?
How have these two countries affected the United States in the past?
Social Studies Standard 8.1.3: Analyze how the American Revolution affected other nations, especially France. Social Studies Standard 8.4.2: Explain the policy significance of famous speeches. Social Studies Standard 8.5.3: Outline the major treaties with American Indian nations during the administrations of the first four presidents and the varying outcomes of those treaties.
Social Studies Standard 8.3.4: Understand how the conflicts between Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton resulted in the emergence of two political parties. Social Studies Standard 8.3.7: Understand the functions and responsibilities of a free press. Reading Vocabulary 8.1.1: Analyze idioms, analogies, metaphors, and similes to infer the literal and figurative meanings of phrases.
neutral: not favoring either side in a dispute. impressment: seizing American sailors and forcing them to serve in the British navy. alien: an outsider or someone from another country.
sedition: activity designed to overthrow a government. nullify: deprive of legal force. states’ rights: this is the idea that the union binding “these United States” is an agreement between the states that they therefore can overrule federal law.
Conflicts in the Northwest Territory Settlers clashed with British-backed Native Americans in the Northwest Territory Many American leaders believed the country’s future depended on settling its western lands. The federal government tried to force Native Americans to sell their lands. By 1790, the U.S. had purchased most of Kentucky and Tennessee. Native Americans refused to sell land north of the Ohio River.
Conflicts in the Northwest Territory Settlers clashed with British-backed Native Americans in the Northwest Territory Over the next five years, Native American warriors, supplied with British weapons, attacked settlers. Finally, in 1794, the settlers won the Battle of Fallen Timbers, breaking the hold on the Northwest Territory. In 1795, the Native Americans gave up most of their lands from the Ohio River to Lake Erie by agreeing to the Treaty of Greenville.
The French Revolution Americans at first welcomed the French Revolution, but they divided over how to respond. Most Americans at first supported the revolutionaries. As violence increased, and the king and queen were executed, the American people became divided in their support. The Federalists were against supporting France. The Republicans were supportive of France
Jay’s Treaty In 1793, Britain and France were at war. The U.S. tried to remain neutral. Britain began to impress American sailors into the British navy. Hamilton pushed for a treaty with Britain to protect trade interests. In 1795, a treaty was signed that guaranteed the British would not impress sailors or aid the Native Americans in the Northwest.
Washington’s Farewell Address Washington’s Farewell Address has had lasting influence. Washington made 2 major points: 1.He warned against political divisions at home. 2.He stated that the U.S. must not get entangled in the affairs of Europe. Go to page 623 in your textbook and read Washington's Farewell Address.
Troubles With France Despite many Americans’ desire for war against France, John Adams managed to resolve differences peacefully. The French were angered by U.S. neutrality in the war between France and Britain. In the XYZ Affair, agents of the French government wanted the U.S. to pay a bribe of $250,000 and loan France several million dollars. The bribe attempt made many Federalists angry with France. Federalists wanted Congress to declare war against France, but they did not. Adams sent a delegation to arrange a truce with Napoleon.
The Alien and Sedition Acts During the troubles with France, Federalists in Congress passed drastic laws to limit immigration and restrict free speech. The Alien Act of 1798 was directed at immigrants. The act increased the length of time a person had to live in the U.S. to become a citizen from 5 to 14 years. The President gained the power to deport or imprison any alien he considered dangerous.
The Alien and Sedition Acts During the troubles with France, Federalists in Congress passed drastic laws to limit immigration and restrict free speech. The Sedition Act of 1798 was directed at Republicans. The act made it a crime to write or say anything insulting or anything false about the President, Congress, or the government in general. During 1798 and 1799, 10 people were convicted under the act.
States’ Rights Critics of the Alien and Sedition acts argued that states could refuse to obey certain federal laws. James Madison wrote a resolution attacking the Alien and Sedition acts that was passed by the Virginia legislature. Thomas Jefferson wrote a similar resolution that was passed by the Kentucky legislature. Both resolutions declared that states had the right to declare laws passed by Congress to be unconstitutional.
Reading Vocabulary 1.1: Figurative Language metaphor: compares two basically dissimilar things without the use of connecting words such as like, as, or resembles. The word “like” is absent in a metaphor, but is suggested by the comparison. analogy: expresses a comparison between two situations or ideas that are alike in one important way but different in others. Some common types of analogies are cause- effect, antonyms, and synonyms.
EXTENSION Write a detailed SUMMARY of the section and complete the UNANSWERED QUESTIONS section of your notes. Choose two of the remaining Depth & Complexity ICONS in your notes and explain how they relate to this section.