Presentation on theme: "Foreign Policy and Washington’s Farewell Focus Question: How did foreign policy challenges affect political debate and shape American government?"— Presentation transcript:
Foreign Policy and Washington’s Farewell Focus Question: How did foreign policy challenges affect political debate and shape American government?
Million $$$ Question: Should US support the French vs. Britain?
French Revolution (1789) Reaction Democratic-Republicans supported France Federalists- support Britain – the French are crazy! Washington: uphold treaty with France? This risks going to war with Britain & hurting the US economy George Washington issues Proclamation of neutrality - the country is too new to get involved in a war NEUTRAL: The US does not support either side
Fighting with Native Americans There are British forts in American territory (west) The British trade fur with Native Americans ($$) They encourage Indians to resist American expansion west - give Indians guns!
Miami Confederacy (Indians) led by Little Turtle defeated US forces in two battles ( ) Little Turtle is a great Indian leader who is able to unite many tribes against the US Battle of Fallen Timbers The Miami Confederacy force of 2,000 warriors was defeated in 40 minutes by US forces on August 20, *Treaty of Greenville signed: Native American leaders give Ohio to U.S. - The Northwest Territory is open for settlement! Battles with Native Americans
"Charge of the Dragoons at Fallen Timbers," painted by R.T. Zogbaum, ca
Treaty of Greenville Ohio territory sold for $20,000 + annual payment of $10,000
Jay’s Treaty John Jay negotiates this treaty with Britain Britain will give control of the NW Territory to the US BUT Britain will be allowed to continue the fur trade so don’t have to leave **Many Americans aren’t happy About this treaty, but it avoids war With Britain
Pinckney’s Treaty, 1795 Treaty with Spain Gave all land east of the Mississippi River (except Florida) to the US US citizens were allowed to use the Mississippi River and the port of New Orleans Great for trade!!! Modern day New Orleans port area Why is this important for the US?
George Washington warned of the harmful effect of political parties during his 1796 Farewell Address: “It agitates the community with ill-founded jealousies and false alarms; kindles the animosity of one part against another; foments [incites] occasionally riot and insurrection. It opens the door to foreign influence and corruption…”
George Washington’s Farewell Address Advice 1.Avoid political divisions into parties 2.Avoid alliances with other countries 3.Do not get involved in European affairs.
RECAP: Washington’s Achievements 1.Defeating the Indians 2.Opening Western Lands for Settlement 3.Keeping the U.S. out of War with Britain 4.Great Foreign Trade ($$) 5.Stopped the Whiskey Rebellion BUT Also deep divide between political parties!
Notes Quiz – Open Note 1.Who was Jay’s Treaty negotiated with 2.What were the major terms of Pinckney’s Treaty? 3. List 2 things Washington warns about in his farewell address.