Presentation on theme: "Foreign Policy and Washington’s Farewell"— Presentation transcript:
1Foreign Policy and Washington’s Farewell Focus Question: How did foreign policy challenges affect political debate and shape American government?
2Million $$$ Question: Should US support the French vs. Britain?
3French Revolution (1789) Reaction Democratic-Republicans supported FranceFederalists- support Britain – the French are crazy!Washington: uphold treaty with France? This risks going to war with Britain & hurting the US economyGeorge Washington issues Proclamation of neutrality - the country is too new to get involved in a warNEUTRAL: The US does not support either side
4Fighting with Native Americans There are British forts in American territory (west)The British trade fur with Native Americans ($$)They encourage Indians to resist American expansion west - give Indians guns!
5Battles with Native Americans Miami Confederacy (Indians) led by Little Turtle defeated US forces in two battles ( )Little Turtle is a great Indian leader who is able to unite many tribes against the USBattle of Fallen Timbers The Miami Confederacy force of 2,000 warriors was defeated in 40 minutes by US forces on August 20, 1794.*Treaty of Greenville signed: Native American leaders give Ohio to U.S.- The Northwest Territory is open for settlement!
6"Charge of the Dragoons at Fallen Timbers," painted by R. T "Charge of the Dragoons at Fallen Timbers," painted by R.T. Zogbaum, ca
7Treaty of GreenvilleOhio territory sold for$20,000 + annualpayment of $10,000
8Jay’s Treaty John Jay negotiates this treaty with Britain Britain will give control of the NW Territory to the USBUT Britain will be allowed to continue the fur trade so don’t have to leave**Many Americans aren’t happyAbout this treaty, but it avoids warWith Britain
9Pinckney’s Treaty, 1795 Treaty with Spain Why is this important for the US?Treaty with SpainGave all land east of the Mississippi River (except Florida) to the USUS citizens were allowed to use theMississippi Riverand the port ofNew OrleansGreat for trade!!!Modern day New Orleans port area
11George Washington warned of the harmful effect of political parties during his 1796 Farewell Address:“It agitates the community with ill-founded jealousies and false alarms; kindles the animosity of one part against another; foments [incites] occasionally riot and insurrection. It opens the door to foreign influence and corruption…”
12George Washington’s Farewell Address Advice Avoid political divisions into partiesAvoid alliances with other countriesDo not get involved in European affairs.
13RECAP: Washington’s Achievements Defeating the IndiansOpening Western Lands for SettlementKeeping the U.S. out of War with BritainGreat Foreign Trade ($$)Stopped the Whiskey RebellionBUTAlso deep divide between political parties!
14Notes Quiz – Open Note Who was Jay’s Treaty negotiated with What were the major terms of Pinckney’s Treaty?3. List 2 things Washington warns about in his farewell address.