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Troubles at Home and Abroad

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1 Troubles at Home and Abroad
Ch.8 Sect. 3 &4 Troubles at Home and Abroad EQ1: How did the U.S. handle conflicts with the Natives, France, and Britain? EQ2: How did disagreements over states rights intensify the conflict between Federalists and Republicans?

2 Internal vs. External Challenges
What’s the difference between an internal and an external challenge? (for the nation) The U.S. was faced with many internal and external challenges at the beginning of the new nation.

3 Internal Challenges Debate over states’ rights
Interpretation of the Constitution Washington’s Retirement

4 External Challenges Problems with France and Britain
Territorial Wars with Native Americans

5 Conflicts in the Northwest Territory
British soldiers wouldn’t leave the Northwest Territory The British were supplying the Native Americans with guns and ammunition Natives refused to give up land

6 In August of 1794, General Anthony Wayne won a victory against the Native Americans at the Battle of Fallen Timbers Native Americans agreed to the Treaty of Greenville (1795) Gave up most of their lands from the Ohio River to Lake Erie

7 The French Revolution Most Americans at first supported the French Revolutionaries, especially Republicans The French Revolution became controversial when more violent Federalists feared same thing would happen in the U.S.

8 War Between Britain and France
Both countries began stopping American ships and seizing their cargo The British made matters worse by impressment of sailors (seizing sailors and forcing them to serve in the British navy) Washington sent John Jay to London to solve the most serious problems

9 The Jay Treaty of 1795 The British agreed to pay for the ships it seized and withdraw its troops in the Northwest Territory But refused to stop impressment

10 The XYZ Affair French still attacking American merchant ships
In 1797, Adams sent a three-person mission to France The French government demanded the U.S. pay a bribe

11 As a result, Adams increased the size of the army and navy and began an undeclared naval war with France

12 The Alien and Sedition Acts
Federalists fear of revolutionary France made them fear immigrants and Republicans The Alien Act was directed at immigrants Increased the duration from 5 to 14 years to become a citizen President given the power to deport or imprison any alien

13 The Sedition Act targeted Republicans
It made it a crime to write or say anything insulting or false about the government

14 Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
The Republicans claimed acts violated the Constitution, especially the First Amendment Republicans James Madison and Thomas Jefferson led the campaign against the Alien and Sedition Acts

15 The Virginia and Kentucky resolutions stated Alien and Sedition acts were unconstitutional
The resolutions claimed that the states could nullify a law passed by Congress

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