Presentation on theme: "Ch.8 Sect. 3 &4 EQ1: How did the U.S. handle conflicts with the Natives, France, and Britain? EQ2: How did disagreements over states rights intensify the."— Presentation transcript:
Ch.8 Sect. 3 &4 EQ1: How did the U.S. handle conflicts with the Natives, France, and Britain? EQ2: How did disagreements over states rights intensify the conflict between Federalists and Republicans?
What’s the difference between an internal and an external challenge? (for the nation)
Debate over states’ rights Interpretation of the Constitution Washington’s Retirement
Problems with France and Britain Territorial Wars with Native Americans
British soldiers wouldn’t leave the Northwest Territory The British were supplying the Native Americans with guns and ammunition Natives refused to give up land
In August of 1794, General Anthony Wayne won a victory against the Native Americans at the Battle of Fallen Timbers Native Americans agreed to the Treaty of Greenville (1795) Gave up most of their lands from the Ohio River to Lake Erie
Most Americans at first supported the French Revolutionaries, especially Republicans The French Revolution became controversial when more violent Federalists feared same thing would happen in the U.S.
Both countries began stopping American ships and seizing their cargo The British made matters worse by impressment of sailors (seizing sailors and forcing them to serve in the British navy) Washington sent John Jay to London to solve the most serious problems
The Jay Treaty of 1795 The British agreed to pay for the ships it seized and withdraw its troops in the Northwest Territory But refused to stop impressment
French still attacking American merchant ships In 1797, Adams sent a three-person mission to France The French government demanded the U.S. pay a bribe
As a result, Adams increased the size of the army and navy and began an undeclared naval war with France
Federalists fear of revolutionary France made them fear immigrants and Republicans The Alien Act was directed at immigrants Increased the duration from 5 to 14 years to become a citizen President given the power to deport or imprison any alien
The Sedition Act targeted Republicans It made it a crime to write or say anything insulting or false about the government
The Republicans claimed acts violated the Constitution, especially the First Amendment Republicans James Madison and Thomas Jefferson led the campaign against the Alien and Sedition Acts
The Virginia and Kentucky resolutions stated Alien and Sedition acts were unconstitutional The resolutions claimed that the states could nullify a law passed by Congress