Presentation on theme: "Troubles at Home and Abroad"— Presentation transcript:
1Troubles at Home and Abroad Ch.8 Sect. 3 &4Troubles at Home and AbroadEQ1: How did the U.S. handle conflicts with the Natives, France, and Britain?EQ2: How did disagreements over states rights intensify the conflict between Federalists and Republicans?
2Internal vs. External Challenges What’s the difference between an internal and an external challenge? (for the nation)The U.S. was faced with many internal and external challenges at the beginning of the new nation.
3Internal Challenges Debate over states’ rights Interpretation of the ConstitutionWashington’s Retirement
4External Challenges Problems with France and Britain Territorial Wars with Native Americans
5Conflicts in the Northwest Territory British soldiers wouldn’t leave the Northwest TerritoryThe British were supplying the Native Americans with guns and ammunitionNatives refused to give up land
6In August of 1794, General Anthony Wayne won a victory against the Native Americans at the Battle of Fallen TimbersNative Americans agreed to the Treaty of Greenville (1795)Gave up most of their lands from the Ohio River to Lake Erie
7The French RevolutionMost Americans at first supported the French Revolutionaries, especially RepublicansThe French Revolution became controversial when more violentFederalists feared same thing would happen in the U.S.
8War Between Britain and France Both countries began stopping American ships and seizing their cargoThe British made matters worse by impressment of sailors (seizing sailors and forcing them to serve in the British navy)Washington sent John Jay to London to solve the most serious problems
9The Jay Treaty of 1795The British agreed to pay for the ships it seized and withdraw its troops in the Northwest TerritoryBut refused to stop impressment
10The XYZ Affair French still attacking American merchant ships In 1797, Adams sent a three-person mission to FranceThe French government demanded the U.S. pay a bribe
11As a result, Adams increased the size of the army and navy and began an undeclared naval war with France
12The Alien and Sedition Acts Federalists fear of revolutionary France made them fear immigrants and RepublicansThe Alien Act was directed at immigrantsIncreased the duration from 5 to 14 years to become a citizenPresident given the power to deport or imprison any alien
13The Sedition Act targeted Republicans It made it a crime to write or say anything insulting or false about the government
14Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions The Republicans claimed acts violated the Constitution, especially the First AmendmentRepublicans James Madison and Thomas Jefferson led the campaign against the Alien and Sedition Acts
15The Virginia and Kentucky resolutions stated Alien and Sedition acts were unconstitutional The resolutions claimed that the states could nullify a law passed by Congress