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Ch.8 Sect. 3 &4 EQ1: How did the U.S. handle conflicts with the Natives, France, and Britain? EQ2: How did disagreements over states rights intensify the.

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Presentation on theme: "Ch.8 Sect. 3 &4 EQ1: How did the U.S. handle conflicts with the Natives, France, and Britain? EQ2: How did disagreements over states rights intensify the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ch.8 Sect. 3 &4 EQ1: How did the U.S. handle conflicts with the Natives, France, and Britain? EQ2: How did disagreements over states rights intensify the conflict between Federalists and Republicans?

2  What’s the difference between an internal and an external challenge? (for the nation)

3  Debate over states’ rights  Interpretation of the Constitution  Washington’s Retirement

4  Problems with France and Britain  Territorial Wars with Native Americans

5  British soldiers wouldn’t leave the Northwest Territory  The British were supplying the Native Americans with guns and ammunition  Natives refused to give up land

6  In August of 1794, General Anthony Wayne won a victory against the Native Americans at the Battle of Fallen Timbers  Native Americans agreed to the Treaty of Greenville (1795)  Gave up most of their lands from the Ohio River to Lake Erie

7  Most Americans at first supported the French Revolutionaries, especially Republicans  The French Revolution became controversial when more violent  Federalists feared same thing would happen in the U.S.

8  Both countries began stopping American ships and seizing their cargo  The British made matters worse by impressment of sailors (seizing sailors and forcing them to serve in the British navy)  Washington sent John Jay to London to solve the most serious problems

9  The Jay Treaty of 1795  The British agreed to pay for the ships it seized and withdraw its troops in the Northwest Territory  But refused to stop impressment

10  French still attacking American merchant ships  In 1797, Adams sent a three-person mission to France  The French government demanded the U.S. pay a bribe

11  As a result, Adams increased the size of the army and navy and began an undeclared naval war with France

12  Federalists fear of revolutionary France made them fear immigrants and Republicans  The Alien Act was directed at immigrants  Increased the duration from 5 to 14 years to become a citizen  President given the power to deport or imprison any alien

13  The Sedition Act targeted Republicans  It made it a crime to write or say anything insulting or false about the government

14  The Republicans claimed acts violated the Constitution, especially the First Amendment  Republicans James Madison and Thomas Jefferson led the campaign against the Alien and Sedition Acts

15  The Virginia and Kentucky resolutions stated Alien and Sedition acts were unconstitutional  The resolutions claimed that the states could nullify a law passed by Congress


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