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Tim Roufs’ section. Primate taxonomic classification Monkeys Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 123.

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Presentation on theme: "Tim Roufs’ section. Primate taxonomic classification Monkeys Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 123."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tim Roufs’ section

2 Primate taxonomic classification Monkeys Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 123

3 Primate taxonomic classification Anthropoids Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 123

4 Primate taxonomic classification New World Monkeys Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 123

5 Primate taxonomic classification Old World Monkeys Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 123

6 Primate taxonomic classification Apes and Humans Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 123

7 Primates -- Monkeys B. ANTHROPOIDS 1. Platyrrhines (“flat-nosed”) a. Ceboidea (New World monkeys) 2. Catarrhines (“down-nosed”) a. Cercopithecoids (Old World monkeys) b. Hominoidea (apes and humans) A. PROSIMII

8 New and Old World Monkeys

9 New World Monkeys Old World Monkeys ca. 50 mya

10 A Primate Family Tree The Emergence of Humankind, 4th ed., p. 64 ca. 50 mya

11 New / Old World Monkeys found only in South and Central America New World Monkeys Old World Monkeys

12 New World Monkeys Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 128

13 New / Old World Monkeys found only in South and Central America Found in the tropical and temperate climates of “The Old World” and the Far East New World Monkeys Old World Monkeys

14 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 129

15 Humankind Emerging, 7th ed., p. 93 Distribution of Nonhuman Primates Primates are tropical and temperate climate creatures

16 Humankind Emerging, 7th ed., p. 94 Vegetation Regions and Nonhuman Primates

17 New / Old World Monkeys smallest and most divergent group of all anthropoids New World Monkeys Old World Monkeys

18 New / Old World Monkeys some have lost prehensile tail tails are shorter and never prehensile New World Monkeys Old World Monkeys

19 New World Monkey: Spider monkey (note prehensile tail) p. 128 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 129

20 New / Old World Monkeys flat faces with nostrils separated with wide septum and directed more to the side nostrils are much closer together and are directed forward and down New World Monkeys Old World Monkeys

21 p. 128 p. 129

22 New / Old World Monkeys arborealexcept for baboon and mandrills the old world monkeys are usually arboreal New World Monkeys Old World Monkeys

23 Skeleton of an arboreal New World monkey (New World Monkey: Bearded saki) p. 128 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 121

24 Skeleton of a terrestrial quadruped (Old World Monkey: Savanna baboon) p. 129 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 121

25 New / Old World Monkeys very reduced thumb in some, the thumb is reduced but in others it is not New World Monkeys Old World Monkeys

26 Old World Monkey: Macaque p. 129

27 New / Old World Monkeys usually have thick fur hair cover is light New World Monkeys Old World Monkeys

28 New / Old World Monkeys lead away from main line of evolution Old World Monkeys New World Monkeys

29

30 New World Monkey: Black Howler Monkey The Primates, Time-Life (1974) p. 47 p. 128

31 New World Monkey: Red Howler Monkey The Primates, Time-Life (1974) p. 47 p. 128

32 New World Monkeys: A pair of golden lion tamarinds p. 128 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 128

33 New World Monkeys: Howler monkeys p. 128 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 128

34 New World Monkey: Woolly Monkey The Primates, Time-Life (1974) p. 47 p. 128

35 New World Monkey: Squirrel Monkey The Primates, Time-Life (1974) p. 49 p. 128

36 Old World Monkeys

37 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 8th ed., p. 127 Old World Monkeys: Macaques p. 129

38 Old World Monkeys: Macaques p. 129

39 Old World Monkeys: Macaques p. 129

40 Old World Monkeys: Macaques p. 129

41 abcnews.go.com/Technology/wireStory?id=

42 Old World Monkeys: Longtail macaques p. 129 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 151

43 Old World Monkeys: Baboons p. 129

44 Old World Monkey: Savanna baboon (male) p. 129 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 130

45 Old World Monkey: Savanna baboon (female) p. 129 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 130

46 Old World Monkeys: Baboon troop DeVore (ed.), Primate Behavior, 1965) p. 70 p. 129

47 Old World Monkey: Baboon The Primates, Time-Life (1974) p. 119 p. 129

48 Old World Monkey: Baboon The Primates, Time-Life (1974) p. 117 p. 129

49 Old World Monkeys: Group of savanna baboons p. 129 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 156

50 Old World Monkey: Adolescent savanna baboons p. 129 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 149

51 Old World Monkey: Black and White Colobus The Primates, Time-Life (1974) p. 54 p. 129

52 Old World Monkey: Golden Langur The Primates, Time-Life (1974) p. 54 p. 129

53 Old World Monkeys: Langurs The Primates, Time-Life (1974) p. 100 p. 129

54 Old World Monkeys: Hanuman langurs p. 129 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 153

55 Primate taxonomic classification Apes Next : Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 123


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