Presentation on theme: "Chapter 34 Review Humans Charles Page High School Dr. Stephen L. Cotton."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 34 Review Humans Charles Page High School Dr. Stephen L. Cotton
Chapter 34 Review Humans l A primate’s three-dimensional view of the world is due to it’s binocular vision. l Humans belong to each of the following groups except: anthropoids; prosimians; hominoids; hominids
Chapter 34 Review Humans l The anthropoids that are least closely related to the others are: great apes; humans; New World monkeys; Old World monkeys l How did Linnaeus classify humans? homo l The first Homo sapiens appeared about ____ years ago.
Chapter 34 Review Humans l The complex behavior of primates depends mainly upon their large cerebrum l Each of the following is a prosimian except: lemur; loris; baboon; aye-aye l The first fossil placed in the genus Homo was homo habilis
Chapter 34 Review Humans l Among the following, the one that is least closely related to the others is: Carolus Linnaeus; Charles Darwin; On the Origin of Species; two books on human evolution l Anthropoid branches separated when the continents were no longer joined by land bridges
Chapter 34 Review Humans l The anthropoid branch that contains the Old World monkeys does not include: lemurs; humans; great apes; baboons. l The tree-dwelling anthropoids with prehensile tails are classified as new world monkey
Chapter 34 Review Humans l The two anthropoid branches separated about 45 years ago. l What does the group of great apes include? Orangutans, gibbons, gorillas… l Hominids are classified according to what type of nutrition? omnivore
Chapter 34 Review Humans l The search for the common ancestor of apes and humans is centered in Africa l What are the human’s closest living relatives? chimpanzees l In appearance, people living today are most like the Cro- Magnons
Chapter 34 Review Humans l Each of the following is classified as Australopithecus except: robustus; erectus; boisei; afarensis l What is one major advantage that hominids have over other primates? Walking erect
Chapter 34 Review Humans l The first group of mammals to have flexible fingers and toes were the primates l What were some of the structures that contributed to the upright posture of humans? Angle of pelvis, outward hips, spine, skull, leg bone l Adaptations that are not specific to hominids are rotating arms, opposable thumbs
Chapter 34 Review Humans l The footprints of two hominids together found by Mary Leakey is evidence that Austropithecus walking erect l The Australopithecus skeleton found by Johansen and White was known to be female by it’s pelvis
Chapter 34 Review Humans l Compared with australopithecenes, Homo habilis did not have _______. l How did Cro-Magnons differ from the Neanderthals? l The first Homo sapiens appeared about ______ years ago.
Chapter 34 Review Humans l The most recent evidence indicates that Neanderthal man was: primitive looking; fairly slender; hunched over; covered in hair l Hominoids are also known as great apes
Chapter 34 Review Humans l Ancient human tools and cultures are studied by ______. l Scientists agree that humans and apes evolved from _______. l Compared with other mammals, primates have _____ faces.
Chapter 34 Review Humans l All primates have flexible _____. l You can usually identify a prosimian by it’s _____ eyes. l The brain of a Homo sapiens is about _____ as large as a chimpanzee.
Chapter 34 Review Humans l ______ spread from Africa to Europe to Asia. l In the caves of China, charred animal bones around firesites are evidence that _______ used fire for cooking half a million years ago.
Chapter 34 Review Humans l If you unearthed stone and bone tools, spear points, chisels, and needles- you have found objects used by ________. l Human ancestors were able to grasp tools because of their _______.