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Monkeys Understanding Humans 10 th Ed., p. 136 Prehistoric Cultures Tim Roufs’ section ©2009-2012.

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Presentation on theme: "Monkeys Understanding Humans 10 th Ed., p. 136 Prehistoric Cultures Tim Roufs’ section ©2009-2012."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Monkeys Understanding Humans 10 th Ed., p. 136 Prehistoric Cultures Tim Roufs’ section ©

3 Understanding Humans, 10 th ed., p. 101 Classification chart (after Linnaeus)

4 Primate taxonomic classification Understanding Humans, 10 th ed., p. 129 Monkeys

5 Primate taxonomic classification Understanding Humans, 10 th ed., p. 129 Anthropoids

6 Primate taxonomic classification Understanding Humans, 10 th ed., p. 129 New World Monkeys

7 Primate taxonomic classification Understanding Humans, 10 th ed., p. 129 Old World Monkeys

8 Primate taxonomic classification Understanding Humans, 10 th ed., p. 129 Apes and Humans

9 Primates -- Monkeys B. ANTHROPOIDS 1. Platyrrhines (“flat-nosed”) a. Ceboidea (New World monkeys) 2. Catarrhines (“down-nosed”) a. Cercopithecoids (Old World monkeys) b. Hominoidea (apes and humans) A. PROSIMII

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11 New World Monkeys Old World Monkeys ca. 50 mya p. 133 p. 136

12 A Primate Family Tree The Emergence of Humankind, 4th ed., p. 64 ca. 50 mya

13 New / Old World Monkeys found only in South and Central America New World Monkeys Old World Monkeys

14 Understanding Humans, 10 th ed., p. 133

15 New / Old World Monkeys found only in South and Central America Found in the tropical and temperate climates of “The Old World” and the Far East New World Monkeys Old World Monkeys

16 Understanding Humans, 10 th ed., p. 136

17 Humankind Emerging, 7th ed., p. 93 Distribution of Nonhuman Primates Primates are tropical and temperate climate creatures

18 Humankind Emerging, 7th ed., p. 94 Vegetation Regions and Nonhuman Primates

19 New / Old World Monkeys smallest and most divergent group of all anthropoids New World Monkeys Old World Monkeys

20 New / Old World Monkeys some have lost prehensile tail tails are shorter and never prehensile New World Monkeys Old World Monkeys

21 New World Monkey: Spider monkey (note prehensile tail) p. 128 Understanding Humans, 10 th ed., p. 136 p. 133

22 New / Old World Monkeys flat faces with nostrils separated with wide septum and directed more to the side nostrils are much closer together and are directed forward and down New World Monkeys Old World Monkeys

23 p. 133 p. 136

24 New / Old World Monkeys arborealexcept for baboon and mandrills the old world monkeys are usually arboreal New World Monkeys Old World Monkeys

25 Skeleton of an arboreal New World monkey (New World Monkey: Bearded saki) Understanding Humans, 10 th ed., p. 127 p. 133

26 Skeleton of a terrestrial quadruped (Old World Monkey: Savanna baboon) Understanding Humans, 10 th ed., p. 127 p. 133

27 New / Old World Monkeys very reduced thumb in some, the thumb is reduced but in others it is not New World Monkeys Old World Monkeys

28 Old World Monkey: Macaque p. 136

29 New / Old World Monkeys usually have thick fur hair cover is light New World Monkeys Old World Monkeys

30 New / Old World Monkeys lead away from main line of evolution Old World Monkeys New World Monkeys

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32 New World Monkey: Black Howler Monkey The Primates, Time-Life (1974) p. 47 p. 133

33 New World Monkey: Red Howler Monkey The Primates, Time-Life (1974) p. 47 p. 133

34 New World Monkeys: A pair of golden lion tamarinds p. 133 Understanding Humans, 10 th ed., p. 134

35 New World Monkeys: Howler monkeys p. 133 Understanding Humans, 10 th ed., p. 134 p. 133

36 New World Monkey: Woolly Monkey The Primates, Time-Life (1974) p. 47 p. 133

37 New World Monkey: Squirrel Monkey The Primates, Time-Life (1974) p. 49 p. 133

38 Old World Monkeys

39 Old World Monkeys: Macaques p. 136 Understanding Humans, 10 th ed., p. 125

40 Old World Monkeys: Macaques p. 129 p. 136

41 Old World Monkeys: Macaques

42 p. 136 Old World Monkeys: Macaques

43 abcnews.go.com/Technology/wireStory?id= p. 136

44 Old World Monkeys: Longtail macaques Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 151 p. 136

45 Old World Monkeys: Baboons p. 136

46 Old World Monkey: Savanna baboon (male) Understanding Humans, 10 th ed., p. 137 p. 136

47 Old World Monkey: Savanna baboon (female) Understanding Humans, 10 th ed., p. 137 p. 136

48 Old World Monkeys: Baboon troop DeVore (ed.), Primate Behavior, 1965) p. 70 p. 136

49 Old World Monkey: Baboon The Primates, Time-Life (1974) p. 119 p. 136

50 The Primates, Time-Life (1974) p. 117 p. 136 Old World Monkey: Baboon

51 Old World Monkeys: Group of savanna baboons Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 156 p. 136

52 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 149 p. 136 Old World Monkey: Adolescent savanna baboons

53 The Primates, Time-Life (1974) p. 54 p. 136 Old World Monkey: Black and White Colobus

54 The Primates, Time-Life (1974) p. 54 p. 136 Old World Monkey: Golden Langur

55 The Primates, Time-Life (1974) p. 100 p. 136 Old World Monkeys: Langurs

56 Old World Monkeys: Hanuman langurs Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 153 p. 136

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59 Primate taxonomic classification Understanding Humans, 10 th ed., p. 129 Next : Apes


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