2Public ShamingUntil the early 1800’s, “Pillories” restrained criminals to humiliate them.Today it’s websites.Does the idea of bad behavior on display make you nervous?
3InternalizationInternalization is the process by which a norm becomes part of a person’s personality.You don’t do these because you fear being punished, you internalize these norms as part of who you are.
4Examples of Internalization Sitting in a chair at the movies, not the floor.Stopping at red lights.
5SanctionsSanctions are rewards or punishments used to enforce conformity to norms.
6Positive Sanctions: an action that rewards a behavior Praising children for good behaviorTeachers reacting favorable to well done assignmentsPay raises from employers for hard workCheers from teammates and the crowdRewards of ribbons, ceremonies and badges encourage conformity to society’s norms
7Negative Sanctions are a punishment or threat of punishment to enforce conformity. The threat of a parking ticket or towing of your car may persuade you from parking in a “no parking” zoneIf the threat isn’t enough, the carrying out of the action will remind you to conform.
8Negative Sanction Examples: Frowns, ridicule, imprisonment, and even death (in some countries)
9Positive or negative sanctions don’t work if people are not sure that rewards or punishment will follow. If you are never rewarded or punished, sanctions become meaningless.
10Formal Sanctions: A reward or punishment given by a formal organization or agency (like a school, business, or government)Formal sanctions can be positive or negative:Examples include: low grades, suspension from school, losing a job, graduation certificates pay raises, promotions, and medals
11Informal Sanctions are spontaneous expressions of approval or disapproval given by an individual or group.Examples include: standing ovations, compliments, pat on the back, frowns, gossip, insults, ostracism (exclusion from a group)
12Social ControlEnforcing norms though either internal or external means is Social Control.People must follow certain rules for society to function smoothly, or the social order will be jeopardized, and society’s stability is lost. No society can survive for long without social control
13Social ControlInternal: self-control learned through the internalization of norms.External: authority figures, police, courts, religion, family, peers, and the public.
14The Death PenaltyCapital Punishment is when someone is sentenced to death for their crime.Let’s read pg. 161 in your book together.You will be put into two groups to debate whether or not capital punishment should be defended and used for social control, or if it is immoral and unjust. Write down your arguments to be presented to the class.Write down in a paragraph, at least 5 sentences, whether or not you agree with capital punishment. Do you think that it deters crime?
15Write down in a paragraph, at least 5 sentences, whether or not you agree with capital punishment. Why or why not? Do you believe capital punishment deters crime?