Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

 Rushworth Kidder wrote a book entitled, Shared Values for a Troubled World  He interviewed people in 16 different countries  He identified 8 values.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: " Rushworth Kidder wrote a book entitled, Shared Values for a Troubled World  He interviewed people in 16 different countries  He identified 8 values."— Presentation transcript:

1

2  Rushworth Kidder wrote a book entitled, Shared Values for a Troubled World  He interviewed people in 16 different countries  He identified 8 values universal to all 16 countries  How accurate is his data? There are 192 recognized countries by the UN and countless ethnicities worldwide.

3  FAIRNESS  FREEDOM  LOVE  RESPECT FOR LIFE  RESPONSIBILITY  TOLERANCE  TRUTH  UNITY

4  DID ALL THE COUNTRIES DEFINE THE VALUE IN THE SAME WAY?  What are some words that you see as hard to define across cultures? Why?

5  CULTURAL UNIVERSALS ARE DIFFERENT FROM UNIVERSAL VALUES  CULTURAL UNIVERSALS-NEEDS THAT ARE BASIC TO A GROUP OF PEOPLE SO THAT THEY DEVELOP CERTAIN FEATURES TO ENSURE THEIR FULFILLMENT.  CAN A CULTURAL UNIVERSAL TRAIT BE A RESOURCE?

6  Cultural Anthropologist George Murdock examined hundreds of different cultures in an attempt to determine general traits common to all cultures. He compiled more than 65 traits some include:  Body adornment, cooking, dancing, family, feasting, forms of greeting, funeral ceremonies, gift giving, housing, language, medicine, music, myths, folklore, religion, sports, and toolmaking.  Did he find that all cultures had the same ways of carrying these traits out?

7  What factors account for the many cultural differences between two societies?  You may have marriage in both but in one arranged marriages are commonplace, and in the other marriage occurs between lovers.  How do we evaluate other cultures?  Ethnocentrism  Cultural Relativism

8  SOCIAL NORMS  SHARED RULES OF CONDUCT THAT TELL PEOPLE HOW TO ACT IN SPECIFIC SITUATIONS  SOCIETIES NEED NORMS  HOW ARE THEY ENFORCED?

9 NORMS- SHARED RULES OF CONDUCT FOLKWAYSMORESLAWS

10  1. INTERNALIZATION-to internalize a norm, to make it part of your personality, conditioning a person to society’s expectations

11  2. SANCTIONS-rewards and or punishments used to enforce conformity to norms  Positive-action that rewards behavior  Negative-punishment to enforce conformity  Formal-reward or punishment by a formal organization  Informal-spontaneous expression of disapproval or approval by an individual or group

12  SOCIAL CONTROL IS THE ENFORCING OF NORMS THROUGH INTERNAL OR EXTERNAL MEANS  INTERNAL: SELF CONTROL-LEARNED THROUGH INTERNALIZATION OF NORMS  EXTERNAL: OUTSIDE FORCES, ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS  CAN A SOCIETY FUNCTION WITHOUT AN EFFECTIVE SYSTEM OF SOCIAL CONTROL?


Download ppt " Rushworth Kidder wrote a book entitled, Shared Values for a Troubled World  He interviewed people in 16 different countries  He identified 8 values."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google