Euro contact increases http://www.africamission-mafr.org/mgr_livinhacgb.htm http://www.africa4christ.org/Images/Africa4ChristFront.jpg http://www.richmond.gov.uk/richard_burton.jpg Burton & Nile http://www.unlockingthearchives.rgs.org/resources/ima ges/Life+explorations-en.jpg Livingstone explorer & missionary
Industrial Powers race to colonies Christian Missionaries were the first “explorers” of Africa’s interiorChristian Missionaries were the first “explorers” of Africa’s interior Belgium sent representatives to negotiate with African chiefsBelgium sent representatives to negotiate with African chiefs In the 1870s, European powers looked to fully colonize Africa. The map shows how Imperialist nations divided the continent.
Connected Red & Mediterranean SeaConnected Red & Mediterranean Sea 1875 - Egypt needed $ & sold their share to England1875 - Egypt needed $ & sold their share to England Egyptians grew angry & rebelled over foreign presenceEgyptians grew angry & rebelled over foreign presence –1882 Led to Egypt becoming a protectorate
Causes British settlers in Dutch colonies outnumbered Boers gained control of area & British outlawed slavery Boers founded Transvaal & Orange Free State Diamonds were discovered in the Boers British settlers continued to move north & on Dutch controlled land
Outcomes Resistance & guerilla warfare British arrested & imprisoned Boers Orange Free State & Transvaal became part of British Africa Created the Union of South Africa
Berlin Conference Free state & trade in CongoFree state & trade in Congo Prohibition of slave tradeProhibition of slave trade If claim land, need est gov officesIf claim land, need est gov offices http://teacherweb.ftl.pinecrest.edu/snyderd/MWH/Projects/mun-bc/wpe2.gif