3Euro contact increases Burton & NileLivingstone explorer & missionary
4Industrial Powers race to colonies AFRICAChristian Missionaries were the first “explorers” of Africa’s interiorBelgium sent representatives to negotiate with African chiefsIn the 1870s, European powers looked to fully colonize Africa. The map shows how Imperialist nations divided the continent.
5AFRICA Suez Canal Built in 1869 w/French $ Connected Red & Mediterranean SeaEgypt needed $ & sold their share to EnglandEgyptians grew angry & rebelled over foreign presence1882 Led to Egypt becoming a protectorateBuilt in 1869w/French $
6British settlers continued to move north & on Dutch controlled land AFRICABoer WarCausesEngland v. Dutch FarmersBritish settlers in Dutch colonies outnumbered Boersgained control of area & British outlawed slaveryBoers founded Transvaal & Orange Free StateDiamonds were discovered in the BoersBritish settlers continued to move north & on Dutch controlled land
7England v. Dutch Farmers AFRICABoer WarOutcomesEngland v. Dutch FarmersResistance & guerilla warfareBritish arrested & imprisoned BoersOrange Free State & Transvaal became part of British AfricaCreated the Union of South AfricaFrom Cape to Cairo
8Berlin Conference Free state & trade in Congo Prohibition of slave tradeIf claim land, need est gov offices
10Liberia & Ethiopia = only independent African Nations The Scramble for AfricaLiberia & Ethiopia = only independent African Nations
11Scars left on Africa Problems btwn African tribes Forced ethnic groups into same nationDestroyed African cultureSegregation & class systemStill: corruption, instability, violence & authoritative regimes are common