Presentation on theme: "What movement of people is the image on the right showing?"— Presentation transcript:
1What movement of people is the image on the right showing? 11/10 Focus:In the 1870’s, Belgium established a presence in the Congo River Basin which result in a scramble by other European powers to claim land in much of Africa.Important Terms:Berlin ConferenceDo Now:What movement of people is the image on the right showing?
3What is the difference between the African coastline and the coastline of Britain?
4Africa Before Imperialism Industrialization had not occurred in AfricaRegular coastline made it difficult for African nations to compete in world trade
5Africa Before Imperialism Lack of Unity in AfricaAfrica was divided into hundreds of ethnic groups1,000 different languages spokenRanged from large empires to independent townsLarge trade networks existed in Africa
6Africa Before Imperialism Slave Trade had attracted Europeans to West Africa in the 1500’s-1600’sBy the late 1800’s, must European countries and United States had end slavery
7Africa Before Imperialism Geographic barriers had limited European colonization of AfricaInland travel was difficultSahara DesertHighlands,steep cliffsEuropeans could not navigate riversMany waterfalls and rapidsPresence of diseases such as Malaria
8Tools of European Imperialism Steamships Superior Military technology QuinineDrug that was developed to protect against MalariaSteamshipsAllowed Europeans to travel up riversSuperior Military technologySmall European forces could defeat much larger numbers of AfricansImproved CommunicationsMaintain close contact between colony and controlling nation
9European Interest in Africa Missionaries and anti-slavery groups traveled into interior AfricaDr. David Livingstone traveled to the CongoDisappeared for several yearsNewspaper reporter Henry Stanley sent to find himStory increased interest in Africa
10European Interest in Africa King Leopold II of Belgium negotiated with tribal leaders to gain control of land in the Congo in 1872Rich supplies of rubber and other natural resourcesBelgian companies abused and forced local people to collect rubber
11European Interest in Africa Belgian presence in Congo increased interest of other European nationsAttracted by large supply of natural resourcesdiamonds, gold, oil, copper, tin, rubber
12The Berlin ConferenceMeeting held in 1844 to divide up Africa among the European powersDid not consider impact on AfricansAfrican leaders not included in the conferencePlaced most of Africa under European control
14Points of Discussion What was the purpose of the Berlin Conference? What was the impact of the Berlin Conference on Africa?
1511/12 Focus: Important Terms: Do Now: Scramble, Atrocities After the Berlin Conference, European countries rushed to colonize Africa.As they divided up Africa, they paid little attention to traditional tribal boundariesImportant Terms:Scramble, AtrocitiesDo Now:Identify two primary factors that motivated European interest in Africa?
16The Berlin ConferenceMeeting held in 1844 to divide up Africa among the European powersDid not consider impact on AfricansAfrican leaders not included in the conferencePlaced most of Africa under European control
18The Berlin ConferenceFailed to consider traditional African ethnic boundaries
19Divides Africa between European Powers African nations eventually gain independence in 2nd half of 20th centuryDivides Africa between European PowersBerlin ConferenceConflicts and Civil WarsIgnores traditional African ethnic boundaries
20Imperial Management Methods Indirect ControlDirect ControlLocal government officials usedLimited self-ruleGovernment institutions are based on European styles but may have some local rulesForeign officials brought in to ruleNo self-ruleGovernment institutions are based only on European styles
21Points of DiscussionWhat was one long lasting effect of the Berlin Conference?What impact did European imperialism in Africa have on Africans?
2211/13 Focus: Important Terms: Do Now: Annex, Boer War Some Africans, such as the Zulu, attempted to resist the European attempts to exert control over lands in AfricaUltimately, most of these attempts failed because of advanced weaponry.Important Terms:Annex, Boer WarDo Now:Identify two primary factors that motivated European interest in Africa?
23British Interests in Africa Suez CanalEgypt built a canal connecting the Mediterranean with the Red SeaReduced time to travel from Europe to the Indian OceanEgyptian government was unstableBritain made Egypt a protectorate to protect their interests in the canal
24British Interests in Africa Cecil RhodesSupporter of British imperialism in AfricaStarted the DeBeers Diamond companyUsed money and influence to help Britain colonize AfricaRhodesiaToday known as Zimbabwe and Zambia
26African ResistanceShaka Zulu created the Zulu nation in Southern Africaresisted attempts by Europeans to colonize southern AfricaThe BoersDutch farmers in southern AfricaThe BritishBritish crushed Zulu resistance with superior military technology (1879)
27African Resistance Most attempts to resist European imperialism failed Exceptions:Ethiopians defeated Italians & stayed independent
28The Boer WarWar fought between Boers (Dutch farmers) and British in Southern AfricaBritish won warEstablished the Union of South Africa
29Points of DiscussionWhat impact did European imperialism in Africa have on Africans?Why were attempts by Africans to resist European imperialism unsuccessful?