A. Strengthening Control over existing colonies –British In India East India Company = pol., econ., milt. domination on Indian states British Raj (British Rule) officially established 1858-1947 Indust. Powers Established Transoceanic Powers
B. Indust. States Established/Expanded Empires –British In Egypt Control of Suez Canal –British In South Africa Control of diamond mines –America gains control of Philippines –Span. & Port. = reduced influence Indust. Powers Established Transoceanic Powers
Dutch Cape Colony 1700s Dutch economy based on slave labor Whites were outnumbered. Forced blacks to carry identity cards
British Cape Colony and the Great Trek Mid 1830s British establish colony at the Cape Force migration “Great Trek” of Dutch settlers (Afrikaners or Boers) to interior on native land = clashes with Zulu tribe Boers create their own republics
The Afrikan/Boer Wars 1880-1900 Increase British military presence led to a brief war against Boers Boers are victorious Second war with Boers = Boers lose conversion into British colonies of South Africa.
Union of South Africa 1910-1948 Afrikaners/Boers gain independence from Britain- Combine Natal and Cape Colony Exclude blacks from voting Apartheid “Apartness” becomes official policy
Schools, hospitals, neighborhoods, workplaces segregated Mandela and World Opinion abolish system in early 1990s
Historical Parallel South African History is similar to American History because they both…