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1.Chitin:____________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 2. Hyphae: ________________________________________________________.

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Presentation on theme: "1.Chitin:____________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 2. Hyphae: ________________________________________________________."— Presentation transcript:

1 1.Chitin:____________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 2. Hyphae: ________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 3.Mycelium:_________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. Fruiting Body:______________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 5. Mycorrhizae:_______________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 6. Sporangia:________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 7.Lichen:___________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________

2 1.Describe how fungi use hyphae to obtain their food. 2. Describe a typical fruiting body of sac fungi, bread mold, and club fungi. 3. Sporangia are formed during the life cycle of a typical bread mold. At what stage are they formed? 4.Draw a flowchart showing the sequence of steps in the reproduction of yeast, a single celled fungus. 5.The mycelium of a fungus grows underground. In what ways might this be helpful for the fungus?

3 1.How do fungi contribute to the balance of an ecosystem? 2. What are three reasons lichens are useful to humans? 3. Draw a Venn diagram comparing lichens and mychorrhizae. Include terms such as roots, photosynthesis, and mutualism. 4.Some antifungal medications can damage the patient’s own tissues. Why doesn’t this problem occur with antibiotics?

4 1.Multicellular 2.Nucleus 3.Cell Wall a. Made of Cellulose 4.Absorb Water and Nutrients a. Roots 5.Contain Chlorophyll a. Autotrophic 1.Multicellular a. With the exception of yeast 2.Nucleus a. Can be more than one 3.Cell Wall a. Made of Chitin 4.Absorb Water and Nutrients a. Hyphae 5.Do Not Contain Chlorophyll a.Heterotrophic: -Saphrophytes -Parasites

5 1.Multicellular a. Except yeast 2.Eukaryotic 3.Have Cell Walls a. Made of Chitin 4.Heterotropic 1.___________________ a. ________________ 2.___________________ 3.___________________ a. ________________ 4.___________________

6 _____________________ chains of ___________ that form the _______ and ____________________ of a fungus _______________: underground network of hyphae that have grouped together. Produce ____________________ which is a reproductive structure of a fungus and grows above ground. Hyphae Fruiting Body Mycelium THREAD-LIKE MYCELIUM FRUITING BODY BODY CELLS

7 Hyphae secrete ________________________ to break down dead/living material. Once the material is broken down into simpler _________________, the food is absorbed through the fungus’ ___________________ Pieces of _____________________ can ____________________ and form into new fungi. _________________________________ Hyphae can _________________ together and create ____________________. _________________________________ ENZYMES NUTRIENTS HYPHAE BREAK OFF (ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION) (SEXUAL REPRODUCTION) FUSE NEW HYPHAE

8 -________________________ that grow into new organisms. -Adapted for dispersal and _____________ for extended period of time in unfavorable conditions. REPRODUCTIVE STRUCTURES SURVIVING SACS SPORANGIA CLUB-SHAPED PARTS

9 _______________ _________________ ________________ _______________ PRIMITIVE FUNGI SAC FUNGISP0RANGIA FUNGICLUB FUNGI 1.Smallest/Simplest 2.Mostly aquatic 3.Spores with Flagella 4.Decomposers or parasites 5.Chytrids 1.Form a sac called ascus 2.Ascus contains spores for reproduction 3.Yeasts, Penicillium, morels, truffles 1.Contain sporangia 2.Sporangia produce spores for reproduction 3.Range for molds on spoiled food to fungi used to ferment foods 1.Contain club-shaped parts that produce spores for reproduction. 2.Club parts produce spores for reproduction 3.Contain mushrooms, puffballs, shelf (bracket) fungi. Also include rusts and smuts Chytridiomycota Ascomycota Zygomycota Basidiomycota

10 _______________ FROM DIFFERENT FUNGI _________________ THEN GROW INTO __________________ THAT RELEASE __________________, (COMBINED _________) HYPHAE JOIN TOGETHER SPORANGIA SEXUAL SPORES DNA ____________ break apart, and form new fungi ____________ are released by fungi and form new fungi HYPHAE SPORES

11 Useful to humans Bread Alcohol Penicillium Blue Cheese Produce _____________ in saclike structures called __________________. Reproduce by _______________ & ____________________ SPORES BUDDING ASCI


13 SPORANGIA DNA ____________ break apart, and form new fungi ____________ are released by fungi and form new fungi HYPHAE SPORES

14 Reproduce by producing spores in ________________________ Sporangia are structures, found on the tips of hyphae that make __________ hyphae Branch out and feed with ________________ sporangia spores

15 Form Branches of ____________________ underground Have gills under their _________________ that house the _________________________ that produce _____________ for __________________. Spores are found __________________________ _________________________________ MYCELIUM GILLS CAP STIPE HYPHAE (MYCELIUM) CAP CLUB LIKE PARTS SPORES REPRODUCTION IN BETWEEN GILLS ON CLUB LIKE PARTS!


17 1._______________________________: a.Can be _____________________ and cause ______________ * In Plants: - _______________________ caused by sac fungus - Destroy ___________________ crops * In Humans: - ___________________ PARASITES PATHOGENIC DUTCH ELM DISEASE FRUIT ATHLETE’S FOOT NAIL FUNGUS RING WORM YEAST INFECTIONS DISEASE

18 2. _____________________________: (____________________) a.Break down ___________________________ b._______________, _________________, _______________ c.Helpful: * Return ___________________ and _______________ back into the soil. * Break down _______________ plant materials that cannot be used without first being broken down by decomposers. d. Harmful: Deteriorate __________________ houses, boats, etc Causes __________________________ ONCE LIVING THINGS LEAVES LOGS ANIMALS NUTRIENTS MINERALS ‘HARD’ WOODEN REPRIATORY ILLNESS DECOMPOSERS SAPHROPHYTES

19 ______________________: Partnerships between _______________ and roots of ________________ Fungus help plants to ______________________, Plants provide _____________ for the fungus. MYCORRHIZAE FUNGUS CERTAIN PLANTS ‘FIX’ NITROGEN FOOD

20 ______________________: Partnerships between _______________ and ______________________ Fungus supplies organism with chlorophyll _________ ______________________, Plants provide _____________ for the fungus. LICHEN FUNGUS ORGANISM WITH CHLOROPHYLL WATER FOOD And HABITAT C

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