2Fungi All are eukaryotic just like protists Multicellular (only one exception -yeast)
3How do Fungi eat?Fungi are heterotrophs, meaning they cannot make their own food like plants.Fungi send out long, threadlike structures called hyphae which absorb minerals and water from the soil.
4How do Fungi eat?Hyphae create a network of large tangles called the mycelium.The fruiting body is also made of hyphae
5What are Fungi?Scientists group fungi into four(4) different groups based on how they look and how they reproduce.Four groups of fungi: club fungi, sac fungi, zygote fungi, and imperfect fungi.Almost all fungi reproduce asexually by producing spores which are small reproductive cells with a strong, protective outer covering.
7Kinds of Fungi Zygote Mold Sac Yeast Club Mushroom Imperfect Blue cheese
8Club FungiThe familiar umbrella shaped mushroom belong to the group called club fungiThe part of the mushroom that grows above ground is a structure called a basidiocarp.The basidia are the reproductive structures inside the basidiocarp that produce sexual spores.
9Mushrooms (Club Fungi) Four parts make up the basidiocarpCap- opens to release sporesGills- under cap; hold sporesSpores- make a new organismStalk- stem-like part
20Zygote FungiBread Molds, a shapeless & fuzzy are a type of zygote fungi.The hyphae of a zygote fungus grow over materials, such as bread, dissolving the material and absorbing nutrients.
21Zygote Fungi Reproduce asexually- Can reproduce sexually- Tiny stalks called zygosporangia form when the fungus undergoes sexual reproduction and release spores called zygospores.Reproduce asexually-Zygoporangia break open and release sporesCan reproduce sexually-Two hyphae join and develop zygosporangia
22Bread mold- under the microscope Sporangia(spore cases)Hyphae
23Imperfect FungiImperfect fungi are named because scientists have not observed a sexual, or “perfect,” reproductive stage in their life cycle.
24The Importance of Fungi Fungi play important roles in human food production.Products such as bread, cheese, soy sauce and cola drinks are produced using fungiAlthough some are harmful, some are helpful and make important medicinesEx. Penicillium notatum makes penicillin
25The Importance of Fungi Fungi are important to the environment because they decompose dead plants & animals matter and help recycle nutrients for the soil.MayOctober
26Lichens Combination of a fungus and an alga Found everywhere Grow on rocks and treesLive in a symbiotic relationshipFungus provides shelter, water and mineralsAlga lives inside the fungus and provides food by photosynthesis
27LichensPlants and animals benefit from lichens because the fungi help break down rocks and create soil where plants can grow, creating a food source for other organismsLichens improve conditions for other organisms