We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byAri Mosby
Modified about 1 year ago
Ch 11 Section 2 Fungi
Fungi Eukaryotic consumers Come in a variety of shapes, sizes and colors
Hidden from View Hyphae- chains of cells that make up multicellular fungi Mycelium- a twisted mass of fungal hyphae that have grown together
Consumers Fungi are consumers that cannot eat or engulf food. They must live on or near their food supply
Getting Food Most fungi obtain nutrients by secreting digestive juices onto the food source, then absorbing the dissolved substances Many are decomposers
Roots with fungi Some fungi live in symbiotic relationships with other organisms On roots of plants – produce acid to change the minerals in the soil
Fungi cytoplasm Holes in the cell walls of fungi allow the cytoplasm to move between cells throughout the organism
Reproduction Asexual or sexual Asexual Hyphae breaks apart and each new piece becomes a new individual Production of spores
Reproduction Spores – a small reproductive cell protected by a thick wall Sexual Fungi produce sex cells from special structures that join to form new individuals
Kinds of Fungi Threadlike Fungi Molds- a shapeless, fuzzy fungus Most live in the soil and are usually decomposers
Threadlike fungi Reproduce asexually by forming sporangia, extensions of the hyphae that produce spores
Threadlike Fungi Reproduce sexually by hyphae from different individuals join and develop into specialized sporangia
Sac Fungi Largest group of fungi, includes yeast, powdery mildew, truffles and morels Reproduces sexually by forming a sac called an ascus Sexually produced spores develop within the sac
Yeast Most are multicellular but yeasts are single celled Yeast reproduce asexually by budding, a new cell pinches off from an existing cell
Uses Yeast is used for making bread Truffles and morels are prized edible sac fungi
Club Fungi Most familiar group Umbrella shaped During sexual reproduction, special hyphae develop and produce clublike structures called basidia
Club Fungi Sexual spores develop inside the basidia The mushroom you know is only the sexual spore forming part of the organism which form at the edge of the mass of hyphae, usually in a circle
Club Fungi Most familiar, basidia form in the grooves or gills under the mushroom cap Other types of club fungi include bracket fungi, puffballs, smuts, and rusts
Imperfect Fungi Includes the fungi that doesn’t fit into the other groups Do not reproduce sexually Most are parasites that cause disease in plants and animals
Imperfect Fungi Athletes foot – fungus on the skin One kind produces a toxin called aflatoxin, which can cause cancer Used to make penicillin, cheese, soy sauce and citric acid for soft drinks
Lichens Combination of fungus and an alga that grow intertwined and exist in a symbiotic relationship Producers
Lichens Resist drying out because they are protected by the fungi cell wall Need only water, air and minerals, so they can grow on rocks
Lichens They produce acids that break down the rock and cause cracks, which become filled with bits of rock and dead lichens, making soil for other things to grow on
Lichens Absorb water and minerals from the air, making them sensitive to air pollution
Fungi Fun Guy or should I say Fungi. All are eukaryotic Are Heterotrophs- has to eat to obtain energy. Contain no Chlorophyll Have rigid cell walls.
Kingdom Fungi. Fungus = an organism in the kingdom Fungi which obtains food by breaking down other substances in the surroundings and absorbing the nutrients.
Kingdom Fungi fungi - heterotrophic single-celled or multicellular organisms, including yeasts, molds, and mushrooms.
Fungus Chapter 8-2. Fungi All are eukaryotic just like protists Multicellular (only one exception -yeast)
Bellringer What is one way that fungi are beneficial to humans?
A fungus is among us!. Fungi: Plural of “fungus”
There I s Fungus Among Us An investigation into the many unique types of fungus.
Kingdom Fungi Common Characteristics: Eukaryotic No chlorophyll and are heterotrophs Cell walls of cells are made of chitin Most are multicellular. Only.
FUNGI Mrs. Leary. Characteristics Eukaryotes Eukaryotes Cannot move Cannot move Single celled and multicellular Single celled and multicellular Hyphae.
FUNGI. Fungi General Characteristics eukaryote absorptive heterotroph - saprobe or parasite cell walls made of chitin multicellular (except for yeast)
Mycology: The study of fungi. Characteristics Eukaryotic (have a nucleus) Heterotrophs (most are decomposers) Some are unicellular (yeast) Most are multicellular.
Protist and Fungi New Book 7 th Grade 2009 Tomayer.
Kingdom Fungi. What are fungi? Eukaryotic heterotrophs that can be decomposers, parasites, or live mutually with other organisms.
FUNGI. Plants vs. Fungi Plants have chlorophyll and photosynthesize, fungi do not Plants have roots, leaves, and stems, fungi do not Plant cell walls.
The Fungus Kingdom. Welcome to the Fungus Kingdom! Activity: Watch this video clip and write down all the different references made to fungi “Fungus.
Chapter 23: Fungi Fungus Diversity Identify what fungi are. Describe habitats of fungi. Outline the structure of fungi. Describe fungi reproduction.
Fungi. Fungi Characteristics Cells- Multicellular…They have tissues and simple organs. They have cell walls but NO chlorophyll. DNA- In a nucleus…
The Fungi Kingdom. Mycology -the study of fungi fungi - singular fungus - plural.
Ch.7 Fungi. Section 4: Fungi What are Fungi? – Fungi are eukaryotes that have cell walls, are heterotrophs that feed by absorbing their food, and use.
Fungi Chapter 19 I. Characteristics of Kingdom Fungi; A. Eukaryotic 1. parasites; haustoria invade hosts cells * ringworm and athletes foot 2. saprophytes;
FUNGI. The Fungi kingdom was grouped with plants in the past. This was because its parts and life style often resemble plants. Fungi cannot make their.
Pathogen: Fungi Understanding the similarities and differences of Fungi with the other pathogens.
FUNGI. COMMON FUNGI EXAMPLES: –Mushrooms, yeasts, molds, morels, bracket fungi, puff balls.
Fungi Warm up Identify the following figures. Specify which is a eukaryotic and which is prokaryotic.
Fungi Kingdom. Mycology -the study of fungi fungi - plural fungus – singular 1) eukaryotic Cells have a nucleus 2) heterotrophic they do not make their.
Fungi Basics Heterotrophs –Cannot perform photosynthesis –Release enzymes to absorb nutrients Cell composition similar to animals Reproduction: Sexual.
FUNGI. COMMON FUNGI EXAMPLES: Mushrooms, yeasts, molds, morels, bracket fungi, puff balls.
Happy Monday 4/14 TOC 19 Understanding Bacteria Video Questions 4/11 20 Week 4 Bell Work 4/14 21 Kingdom Fungi Notes 4/14 Bell Work Week #4 1.Name a deadly.
Kingdom Fungi I. General Characteristics 1. Found almost everywhere 2. Used to be classified as plants because they were anchored and have cell walls,
1.Chitin:____________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 2. Hyphae: ________________________________________________________.
KINGDOM FUNGI Mycology - the study of fungi. FUNGI General characteristics General characteristicsEukaryotic Heterotrophic (decomposers) Have cell walls.
Kingdom Fungi Chapter 22. Characteristics of Fungi All fungi share 3 characteristics: Fungi have threadlike bodies Fungal cell walls contain chitin.
Bellringer Have you ever hear of a protist before? How many examples of protists can you think of? Why do you suppose protists are not as well known as.
Fungus Kingdom Consumers and decomposers Can’t make own food Break down waste/ dead materials for food return to soil.
The Fungi Kingdom. Mycology - the study of fungi fungi - singularfungus - plural 1) fungi are eukaryotic they have a nuclei 2) they are multicellular,
The Kingdom Fungi. What Are Fungi? Eukaryotic heterotrophs with cell walls. contain chitin, a complex carbohydrate.
Fungi. Characteristics of Fungi Mycology- study of fungi Eukaryotic Heterotrophic decomposers Multicellular except yeast (unicellular) Lack true roots,
Fungus Unit 6 Chapter 20. Fungus characteristics Found everywhere Variety of colors and appearances Grows best in moist, warm environments Chitin cell.
Kingdom Fungi Biology 11. Kingdoms Review: What is a fungus? A eukaryotic, multicellular, heterotrophic organism that does not have chlorophyll.
Characteristics of Fungi Kingdom Fungi Characteristics Heterotrophic – obtain energy by decomposing organic material Structures are made of the same type.
Fungi A guide to Chapter 7 Fungus (FUHN-guhs): plural Fungi (FUHN-jigh)
Unit 6 Part 3 Fungi. Characteristics Eukaryotic heterotrophs Multicellular (except yeasts) Cell wall – Made of chitin.
Chapter 11 Protists. Chapter 11: Section 1 Objectives Describe the characteristics of protists. Describe 4 ways that protists get food. Describe 3 ways.
FUNGI. What are Fungi? Eukaryotic heterotrophs Cell walls made of chitin Chitin: found in external skeletons of insects Mostly multicellular.
Protists and Fungi Book A: Chapter 3 Have you ever heard of Protists before reading this chapter? What are some examples of Protists? Copyright © by Holt,
FUNGI. KINGDOM FUNGI Important characteristics Eukaryotic- have a nucleus Use spores to reproduce Heterotrophs Some unicellular, some are multicellular.
KINGDOM FUNGI CHARACTERISTICS of FUNGI The Kingdom Fungi includes eukaryotic, sessile heterotrophs that include a wide variety of organisms from unicellular.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.