2The Fungi kingdom was grouped with plants in the past The Fungi kingdom was grouped with plants in the past. This was because its parts and life style often resemble plants.Fungi cannot make their own food, possess little movement and are composed of one or many cells.
3Fungal Characteristics 1) Cell wall made of Chitin2) Heterotrophs and major Decomposers3) Body is made of Long filaments of hyphae which form a mycelium4) Reproduce sexually and asexuallyAsexually by sporesSexually by mating of hyphae filaments
4More characteristics Plant-like but without chlorophyll Feeds on living organisms - parasiteFeeds on dead or decaying matter - saprophyte
5Fungi phylums Phylum Zygomycota (the Bread Molds) Oomycota (the Water Molds)Phylum Ascomycota (the Sac Fungi)Phylum Basidiomycota (the Club Fungi)Phylum Deuteromycota (the Fungi Imperfecti)
6ReproductionAsexual (fission, budding and spores) Sexual (sexual spores, life cycles)
7Some examples of common fungi Moldsgrow in warm and moist placesProduces spore cases called sporangiaHyphae threadlike structures which grow into and on food - absorbs water, minerals and food.Parts of a mold
8Mushrooms Club Fungi Mushrooms, puffballs, and bracket fungi. Produces spores in club-shaped structure.Some are parasitic, but most live on dead or decaying matter.Some are edible, but many others are poisonous.
9Yeast Sac Fungi Spores produced in sac called a ascus. Yeast reproduce by buddingProduce carbon dioxide by a process called fermentation (obtain energy).
10Lichens Two organisms living closely together (fungus and algae) Mutualism (symbiotic relation)Fungus provides home and waterAlgae provides foodLichens are frequently found growing on rocks since they provide their own food
11Examples of each phylum BasidiomycotaMushroomsFungi Imperfecti (Deuteromycota)Athlete’s FootOomycotaMildewZygomycotaRhizopusAscomycotaYeast