Presentation on theme: "U.S. GOVERNMENT WAS INFLUENCED BY ENGLISH TRADITIONS 2.1 Early Influences."— Presentation transcript:
U.S. GOVERNMENT WAS INFLUENCED BY ENGLISH TRADITIONS 2.1 Early Influences
An English Heritage There are two main ways that England has influenced our government 1. Limited Government 2. Representative Government
Limited Government Magna Carta- An English document that established limited government in England. It gave people accused of crimes the right to a trial by their peers Established the rule of law in which even the rulers must act according to set laws
Representative Government England has Parliament that represents the people, this is similar to our Congress Overtime Parliament greatly limited the power of the monarchy in England Two important documents contributed to this the Petition of Right and the English Bill of Rights
The Petition of Right This document limited the monarchy in a number of ways 1. It required that the monarchs get Parliament’s approval before they acted 2. It said monarchs could not imprison people illegally 3. They could not force citizens to house soldiers in their homes 4. Or establish military rule during times of peace
The English Bill of Rights This document established that the monarchy could not rule with out consent of Parliament It included a right to petition the government without any fear It also established free parliamentary elections It forbid the king from maintaining an army without Parliament’s consent
Assignment 1. In what two ways has our government been influenced by the British? 2. What protections did the Magna Carta provide for English citizens? Do we have these same protections? 3. What group represents the people of England? What is the American equivalent? 4. Explain the importance of the Petition of Right. 5. How did the English Bill of Rights limit the power of the Monarchy?