Presentation on theme: "Our English Heritage. An English Political Heritage Colonists came from everywhere, but most came from England. English traditions of government –Limited."— Presentation transcript:
Our English Heritage
An English Political Heritage Colonists came from everywhere, but most came from England. English traditions of government –Limited government –Representative government
Magna Carta King John forced to sign in 1215 King’s powers were limited. No unjust punishment No loss of life, liberty or property without “due process of law” Could not levy some taxes without consent of people (great nobles)
Magna Carta Turn to page 802 in text. Read 1, 20, 38, 40, 61 & 63
Petition of Right Charles I became king in Dissolved Parliament Used private homes for troops Imposed martial law Ran out of money and had to recall Parliament Parliament forced Charles I to sign Petition of Right in 1628.
King could no longer Collect taxes without Parliament’s consent. Imprison people without just cause. House troops in private homes without permission. Declare martial law unless the country was at war. Petition of Right
King had to get permission from an elected Parliament, not just from the great nobles. Petition of Right
Beheaded Charles I (future) Charles II exiled to France After Cromwell died, Charles II “restored” James II became king James II removed and exiled William III and Mary II invited to be rulers But they signed English Bill of Rights
English Bill of Rights Monarchs do not have divine right to rule. They rule with the consent of the people’s representatives in Parliament. Parliament must agree to suspend laws, levy taxes or maintain an army. King cannot interfere with elections and debates. Right to fair and speedy trial by jury of peers. No cruel or unusual punishments. No excessive fines or bail.
English Bill of Rights applied to colonists also. One cause of the American Revolution was that the colonists felt that they were being deprived of their rights as promised in the English Bill of Rights. English Bill of Rights
The Colonial Period
Early Written Constitutions
The Mayflower Compact Turn to page 804 in the textbook.
By 1629, colonists in Massachusetts Bay Colony needed a more complete constitution. Early Written Constitutions
In 1639, some colonists left Massachusetts Bay Colony to establish a new colony in Connecticut. Early Written Constitutions
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Turn to page 805 in the textbook.
Basic principles found in all colonial constitutions: –Representative government –Separation of powers Early Written Constitutions