3Concepts of Government The English colonist brought with them political ideas that had developed over centuries in England.Some ideas – RULE OF LAW- had roots in Asian and African civilizationsSome ideas came from the ancient RomansKey political ideas came from landmark English documents
4Key Political Concepts Ordered GovernmentLocal governments ruled by officers according to lawLimited GovernmentIndividual citizens have basic rightsThere are limits on government powerRepresentative GovernmentGovernment should serve the will of the people.
5The Magna Carta Signed by King John 1215 Created by English Barons to put limits on the once absolute power of the KingGuaranteed certain fundamental rights for the privileged , such as trial by jury and due process of law.Over time these rights were extended to all English people
6The Petition of RightThe Petition of Right was signed by King Charles I in 1628Banned the king from imprisoning people with first following the laws of the land.Kept the king from declaring military rule in times of peace or making people house soldiers.Required the consent of Parliament for taxation.Charles I
7English Bill of Rights Created by Parliament in 1689 Prevent future abuses by English monarchsRequired consent of Parliament for taxation or suspension of lawsRight to a fair trialRight to petition the king to correct injustices
8The Thirteen ColoniesThe colonies were established over a period of 125 years.Virginia in 1607Georgia in 1733The similarities among the colonies were more than the differences.Each colony was established by a charter granted by the King
9Three Types of Colonies Royal Colonies were directly controlled by the King.Proprietary Colonies were run by a proprietor chosen by the KingCharter Colonies were run by elected legislatures and were the most independent.
10Royal Colonies The governor was appointed by the King The upper house of the colonial legislature was appointed by the King and served as its high courtThe lower house was elected by colonists who owned enough property to vote.The governor had to approve all laws.
11Proprietary Colonies The proprietary appointed the Governor. These colonies were run much like royal colonies.Pennsylvania had an unusually democratic government with a unicameral legislature.William Penn
12Charter ColoniesGovernors were elected by property-owing colonists and lacked veto powerThe elected legislature could pass laws without approval of the KingJudges were appointed by the legislaturesVirginia and Massachusetts had their charters revoked becoming Royal Colonies
13What ideas and traditions influenced government in the English colonies? Customs & Ideas:Ordered governmentLimited governmentRepresentative governmentHistorical documents:Magna CartaPetition of RightsEnglish Bill of Rights
14Homework Questions Define the concept of representative government. Explain why the barons forced King John to sign the Magna Carta.What is a bicameral legistlature?What were the limitations set by the English Bill of Rights?