Presentation on theme: "English Political Heritage"— Presentation transcript:
1 English Political Heritage Early Influences on American Government
2 Georgia Professional Standards SSCG1: The Student will demonstrate knowledge of the political philosophies that shaped the development of the United States Constitutional government.A. Analyze key ideas of limited government and the rule of law as seen in the Magna Carta, the Petition of Rights, and the English Bill of Rights.
3 Vocabulary Word Bank (V2) 1. Limited Government2. Magna Carta3. Petition of Right4. Popular sovereignty
4 English Political Heritage The English monarchy – kings and queensKings and queens had total control (absolute power)People wanted rights1215 – The Magna Carta (“Great Charter”) – gave English nobles rightsKing John
5 Magna CartaIn 1215, English nobles believed King John was abusing his power by forcing them to supply armies, equipment, and money for his many campaigns. Those who failed to do so were severely punished. A war transpired between the nobles and the king – a war that the nobles won.As a result, they forced the King John to sign the Magna Carta, or Great Charter.
6 The Magna Carta1215Important rights were given to the people – NOBLES ONLYGovernment should be based on the rule of lawDue Process/Trial by juryReligious freedomsRule of law
8 Parliament – Representative Gov’t 1200’s – Formation of ParliamentRepresentative government – the people elect representatives for themSimilar to our Congress
9 Petition of Right1628: Charles I asked Parliament for money. Parliament asked for the Petition of Right in exchange. It limited the King’s power.Challenged the idea of the divine right of kings.Unlawful imprisonmentMartial law in time of peaceShelter troops without consent of homeowners
10 The English Bill of Rights 1688 – The Glorious Revolution – peaceful revoltParliament drafts a bill of rightsBill of Rights = individual rightsWilliam III and Mary IIRule of Law
11 English Bill of Rights 1688: Prohibited a standing army in peacetime Parliamentary elections be freeMonarchs could not suspend laws or their execution without consent of parliamentAbolished cruel & unusual punishmentOnly Parliament can levy moneyThe individual subjects can petition
12 Three Ideas of Exported to America 1. Ordered Government: Imported the ideas of an orderly regulated relationship with government. (Sheriff, coroner, assessor, Justice of the Peace.)2. Limited Government: government is not all powerful and is restricted in what it can do, individuals have rights that government cannot take away.3. Representative Government: The people have a right or voice in government thru representation. “government of, by, and for the people.”
13 Summary Early Influences on American Government Magna Carta Parliament – Representative Gov’tPetition of RightThe English Bill of Rights
14 Small Group Activity The Magna Carta reading Work on assigned question as a group and use evidence from the reading to support your answer.
15 JournalWhat historical documents influenced the development of U.S. Constitutional government?Name the documents and the ideas that came from each.
16 ReferencesPowerPoint: Manolis, T, Twiggs County High School
17 Pop QuizIdentify the 3 basic concepts of government in the English colonies.List 3 landmark English documents that influenced American Government.
18 1. Limited Government 2. Magna Carta 3. Petition of Right Word Bank (V2)1. Limited Government2. Magna Carta3. Petition of Right4. Popular sovereignty