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English Political Heritage

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Presentation on theme: "English Political Heritage"— Presentation transcript:

1 English Political Heritage
Early Influences on American Government

2 Georgia Professional Standards
SSCG1: The Student will demonstrate knowledge of the political philosophies that shaped the development of the United States Constitutional government. A. Analyze key ideas of limited government and the rule of law as seen in the Magna Carta, the Petition of Rights, and the English Bill of Rights.

3 Vocabulary Word Bank (V2)
1. Limited Government 2. Magna Carta 3. Petition of Right 4. Popular sovereignty

4 English Political Heritage
The English monarchy – kings and queens Kings and queens had total control (absolute power) People wanted rights 1215 – The Magna Carta (“Great Charter”) – gave English nobles rights King John

5 Magna Carta In 1215, English nobles believed King John was abusing his power by forcing them to supply armies, equipment, and money for his many campaigns. Those who failed to do so were severely punished. A war transpired between the nobles and the king – a war that the nobles won. As a result, they forced the King John to sign the Magna Carta, or Great Charter.

6 The Magna Carta 1215 Important rights were given to the people – NOBLES ONLY Government should be based on the rule of law Due Process/Trial by jury Religious freedoms Rule of law

7 The Magna Carta

8 Parliament – Representative Gov’t
1200’s – Formation of Parliament Representative government – the people elect representatives for them Similar to our Congress

9 Petition of Right 1628: Charles I asked Parliament for money. Parliament asked for the Petition of Right in exchange. It limited the King’s power. Challenged the idea of the divine right of kings. Unlawful imprisonment Martial law in time of peace Shelter troops without consent of homeowners

10 The English Bill of Rights
1688 – The Glorious Revolution – peaceful revolt Parliament drafts a bill of rights Bill of Rights = individual rights William III and Mary II Rule of Law

11 English Bill of Rights 1688: Prohibited a standing army in peacetime
Parliamentary elections be free Monarchs could not suspend laws or their execution without consent of parliament Abolished cruel & unusual punishment Only Parliament can levy money The individual subjects can petition

12 Three Ideas of Exported to America
1. Ordered Government: Imported the ideas of an orderly regulated relationship with government. (Sheriff, coroner, assessor, Justice of the Peace.) 2. Limited Government: government is not all powerful and is restricted in what it can do, individuals have rights that government cannot take away. 3. Representative Government: The people have a right or voice in government thru representation. “government of, by, and for the people.”

13 Summary Early Influences on American Government Magna Carta
Parliament – Representative Gov’t Petition of Right The English Bill of Rights

14 Small Group Activity The Magna Carta reading
Work on assigned question as a group and use evidence from the reading to support your answer.

15 Journal What historical documents influenced the development of U.S. Constitutional government? Name the documents and the ideas that came from each.

16 References PowerPoint: Manolis, T, Twiggs County High School

17 Pop Quiz Identify the 3 basic concepts of government in the English colonies. List 3 landmark English documents that influenced American Government.

18 1. Limited Government 2. Magna Carta 3. Petition of Right
Word Bank (V2) 1. Limited Government 2. Magna Carta 3. Petition of Right 4. Popular sovereignty

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