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 The majority who came the colonies in the mid-sixteenth century were English. ◦ Also there were: French, Dutch, Spanish, Swedes and many other European.

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Presentation on theme: " The majority who came the colonies in the mid-sixteenth century were English. ◦ Also there were: French, Dutch, Spanish, Swedes and many other European."— Presentation transcript:

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2  The majority who came the colonies in the mid-sixteenth century were English. ◦ Also there were: French, Dutch, Spanish, Swedes and many other European ◦ This cause them the British to be in charge of the 13 colonies

3  Since Brits were in power there government was what was instituted here ◦ Brits emulated Africa and Asia (read your footnote on page 28) ◦ Also, follows Roman rules of the republic  Three main ideas: ◦ Ordered Government ◦ Limited Government ◦ Representative Government

4  Organized government  Offices they created still exist: ◦ Sheriff ◦ Coroner ◦ Assessor ◦ Justices of the Peace ◦ Grand Jury ◦ Counties ◦ Townships ◦ And more

5  Government is not all powerful Representative Government Government should serve the will of the people “government of, by, and for the people.”

6  Magna Carta ◦ A group of barons (aristocracy) forced King John to sign in 1215 ◦ They were tired of John’s over taxing and military campaigns  Wanted protected from arbitrary acts by the king ◦ Included:  Trial by jury  Due process of law  Protection against the arbitrary taking of life, liberty, or property ◦ The Magna Carta was originally intended to help the privileged class (no-serfs) ◦ Over time it became the rights for all English people

7  The Magna Carta was originally intended to help the privileged class (no-serfs)  Over time it became the rights for all English people  Established that the power of the monarchy was not absolute First passed into law in 1225  In 1297 (originally titled “The Great Charter of the Liberties of England and the Liberties of the Forest) is still in the books of England and Wales

8  The first document forced on an English King by a group of his subjects  Was influence by the 1100 Charter of Liberties where King Henry I regulated his powers  By the 19 th century most of its clauses had been repealed, but three clauses still remain as part of England and Wales law  Part of political history: lead to constitutional law  Was at times respected and ignored by monarchs for 400 years  Was reinforced under the Petition of Right

9  Page 33  Answer the questions (3 total)

10  Petition of Right limited the king’s power  In 1628 when Charles I asked Parliament for more money from taxes they refused until he signed the Petition of Right  Stated that he could no longer: imprison people without just cause, enforce martial law in a time of peace, or require homeowners to shelter the kings troops without their consent. Nor could people be forced to be taxed without the consent of parliament

11  Sets out the rules for sovereigns, and the rights of Parliament ◦ Also rules for freedom of speech in Parliament  Was created after years of revolt; Parliament offered the crown to William and Mary of Orange ◦ Known as the Glorious Revolution (1688)  In 1689 the Bill of Rights was created ◦ Also had no standing army in peacetime, except with the consent of Parliament, parliamentary elections were free, changing laws without the consent of Parliament was illegal, taxing without permission = illegal, guarantees a free trial, and freedom from excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment


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