Presentation on theme: "Presenter: Nguyễn Ngọc Diễm Phương Nguyễn Lê Quyền Uy."— Presentation transcript:
Presenter: Nguyễn Ngọc Diễm Phương Nguyễn Lê Quyền Uy
1.Introduction of active and passive voiceIntroduction of active and passive voice 2.FORMSFORMS 1.Present SimplePresent Simple 2.Past SimplePast Simple 3.Present PerfectPresent Perfect 4.FutureFuture 3.Regular and Irregular verbsRegular and Irregular verbs 4.USAGEUSAGE 5.The BY agentThe BY agent 6.PRACTICEPRACTICE
Verbs are said to be either ACTIVE or PASSIVE ACTIVE: the Subject of the sentence is to do the action. Sample sentences: Nissans employs 130,000 people. PASSIVE: the Subject of the sentence is to receive the action. Sample sentence: 130,000 people are employed by Nissans. back
Sample sentences: The new policy is approved by the executive committee. “Hamlet” was written by Shakespeare. Oh my god! My bike has been stolen! The refrigerator will be repaired. The form of “BE” varies according to the tenses of the sentences. In this lesson, we focus on the passive forms in The present simple, past simple, present perfect and future tense. Therefore, we will consider the form of “BE” in these tenses. back
Sample sentences: A letter has been written by Rita. A letter has not been written by Rita. Has a letter been written by Rita?
Sample sentences: A new school will be built in the area. A new school will not be built in the area. Will a new school be built in the area? back
Sample sentences: Our books are printed in Singapore. Most of our best fruit is exported. How often are the machines serviced? The past participle of regular verbs is the same as the past tense. Past participle end in –ed: print – printed – printed export – exported – exported service – serviced - serviced
Irregular verbs have different patterns: take – took – taken make – made – made forbid – forbade – forbidden Sample sentences: All our visitors are taken to the factory first. This model is not made of aluminum. Is smoking forbidden in your office? back
The passive voice is used to describe actions: When we don’t know the doer of the action. My briefcase was stolen last night. (I don’t know who stole it.) When it is not important to know the doer of the action. These televisions are made in Japan. (We don’t need to know who makes them) When we want to emphasize the doer of the action. This dress is made by my mother, the one I love most. (I’m proud of my mother, who makes this dress for me.) back
When we do not know who was the doer of the action, forget about “BY” Someone stole my bike. My bike was stolen. When we are interested in the doer of the action, use “BY” Mr Brown built the house. The house was built BY Mr Brown. back
Supply the blanks with the correct passive form of the verbs in brackets: Roses are one of Kenya’s most important crops, and Kenya flowers 1……………… (export) all over the world. Some of the roses 2.……………… (produce) in glasshouses, and others 3……………….. (grow) in the open air. When the flowers 4……………….. (pick), they 5…………….. (take) to cold storage rooms. Here they 6……………….....(cool) to 1oC so that they will last longer. are exported are produced are grown are pickedare taken will be cooled
Decide whether these statements are active or passive: 1.They listen to music. 2.She is reading an e-mail. 3.These cars are produced in Japan. 4.Alan teaches Geography. 5.German is spoken in Austria. 6.Lots of houses were destroyed by the earthquake. 7.Henry Ford invented the assembly line. 8.The bus driver was hurt. 9.You should open your workbooks. 10.Houses have been built. active passive active passive active passive active passive
Rewrite the sentence into passive voice: 1.Rachel will give you some advice. 2.I sent him a letter. 3.The police officer showed us the way. 4.Our neighbour gave me a lift. 5.We have asked him a favour. 6.She told me a lie. 7.They have written her a postcard. 8.Kerrie will make you a cup of tea. 9.The waiter has not brought us the coffee. 10.They did not offer her a seat. 1.You will be given some advice by Rachel. 2.A letter was sent to him. 3.We were showed the way by the police officer. 4.I was given a lift by our neighbour. 5.He have been asked for a favour. 6.I was told a lie. 7.A postcard has been written to her. 8.A cup of tea will be made for you by Kerrie. 9.The coffee have not brought to us. 10.She was not offered a seat. Home
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