2 2.- Make the sentences passive. Include the agent only when necessary. Shakespeare wrote 'Hamlet'.‘Hamlet’ was written by Shakespeare.b) They have arrested her for shoplifting.She has been arrested for shoplifting.They are repairing your car now.Your car is being repaired now.d) People in Chile speak Spanish.Spanish is spoken in Chile.Has anybody asked Peter?Has Peter been asked?My mother made this ring.This ring was made by my mother.Somebody will tell you where to go.You will be told where to go.
3 h) A drunken motorist knocked her down. She was knocked down by a drunken motorist.i) Liverpool beat Manchester 3-0 yesterday.Manchester was beaten 3-0 by Liverpool yesterday.j) The Chinese invented paper.Paper was invented by the Chinese.k) They don't sell stamps in bookshops.Stamps aren’t sold in bookshops.l) The directors are still considering your application.Your application is still being considered by the directors.
4 People ate most of the food at the party. 3.- Rewrite the senteces into the passive voice.People ate most of the food at the party.Most of the food at the party was eaten.b) Jane won the poetry competitionThe poetry competition was won by Jane.c) One of our visitors lost this cigarette lighter.This cigarette lighter was lost by one of our visitors.d) They haven't decided the exact time of the match yet.The exact time of the match hasn’t been decided yet.e) Last Thursday we appointed a new marketing manager.A new marketing manager was appointed last Thursday.f) Smith Ltd are supplying our company with new office furniture.Our company is being supplied with new office furniture by Smith Ltd.William the Conqueror built the castle in the 11th century.The castle was built in the 11th century by William the Conqueror.
5 h) The police were following the suspects. The suspects were being followed by the police.i) No one has seen Peter since the day of the party.Peter hasn’t been seen since the day of the party.j) We put up a notice about the trip on the notice board yesterday.A notice about the trip was put up on the notice board yesterday.k) Someone has stolen my bike.My bike has been stolen.l) They sent me the letter.The letter was sent to me. / I was sent the letter.m) We appointed Mr Evans secretary.Mr Evans was appointed secretary.n) The villagers called her a witch.She was called a witch by the villagers.o) Everybody considered her strange.She was considered strange.
6 p) They are going to build a new hospital. A new hospital is going to be built.q) Someone will clean the room.The room will be cleaned.r) They didn’t ask me for my address.I wasn’t asked for my address.s) They pay me my salary every month.I am paid my salary every month. / My salary is paid to me every month.t) They showed Sarah some photographs.Sarah was shown some photographs. / Some photographs were shown to Sarah.u) Marconi invented the radio.The radio was invented by Marconi.v) The strong winds blew down a number of trees.A number of trees were blown down by the strong winds.w) They sent me a telegramI was sent a telegram. / A telegram was sent to me.
7 4.- Change the structure into active. a) Nothing was sent to me.They sent me nothing.b) Papers were sent to us to sign.They sent us papers to sign.c) A clock was given to Henry when he retired.They gave Henry a clock when he retired.d) Stories were read to the children.They read the children stories.e) 5000 € is owed to me.Someone owes me 5000 €.f) A new job has been offered to me.They have offered me a new job.g) French is taught to us by Mrs Lee.Mrs Lee teaches us French.h) A car has been lent to me for the weekend.Someone has lent me a car for the weekend.
8 i) A full explanation was promised to us i) A full explanation was promised to us. They promised us a full explanation. j) A lot of lies were told to me by the secretary. The secretary told me a lot of lies.