Presentation on theme: "When do you use the Passive Voice? How do you form Tenses in the Passive? Is the Agent (BY) necessary? Examples and Activities."— Presentation transcript:
When do you use the Passive Voice? How do you form Tenses in the Passive? Is the Agent (BY) necessary? Examples and Activities
HOUSEHOUSE Peter, the builder Bricklayers and other workers
When do you use the PASSIVE VOICE? (Present & Past Tenses) -We are interested in the object -or We don’t know who caused the action Ex.: My bike was stolen. - There must be an object in the active sentence Active: Peter built a house. Passive: A house was built by Peter, - Sometimes only the passive voice is possible: Ex.: I was born in Madrid.
How do you form Tenses in the PASSIVE VOICE? (1) (Present Tense) ACTIVEPeterbuildsa house PASSIVEA houseis builtby Peter
How do you form Tenses in the PASSIVE VOICE? (2) (Past Tense) ACTIVEPeterbuilta house PASSIVEA housewas builtby Peter
Is the AGENT (BY) necessary in the PASSIVE VOICE? (Present & Past Tenses) -We are normally not interested in the "doer" of an action in a passive sentence. So there is NO AGENT in the passive voice. - When we do not know who was the "doer", we use someone or somebody in the active sentence. So there is NO AGENT in the passive voice. - When we want to mention who was the "doer" of the action, we use the preposition by. The whole phrase is called by-agent in English.
EXAMPLES AND ACTIVITIES Write complete passive sentences 1.What do these expressions mean? 2.Where can you find these notices? No smoking Children under 16 not admitted to this club Money returned if not satisfied English spoken Rubbish cleared on Mondays All cars checked before sale Washing machines repaired Book bought and sold
-Complete the sentences using one of these verbs in the correct form: CAUSEDAMAGEHOLDINCLUDE INVITEMAKEOVERTAKESHOW TRANSLATEWRITE 1.Many accidents ____________ by dangerous driving. 2.Cheese ________________ from milk. 3.The roof of the building _________________ in a storm a few days ago. 4.There’s no need to leave a tip. Service ________________ in the bill. 5.You ______________ to the wedding. Why didn’t you go? 6.A cinema is a place where films ________________. 7.In the USA, elections for President _______________ every four years. 8.Originally the book __________________ in Spanish and a few years ago it _________ into English. 9.We were driving along quite fast but we ______________ by lots of other cars.
-CHOOSE between present simple or past simple / active or passive 1.Five hundred people _______________ (employ) in that big factory. 2.Water ____________ (cover) most of the Earth’s surface. 3.Most of the Earth’s surface _____________ (cover) by water. 4.The letter ____________ (post) one week ago and it ____________ (arrive) yesterday. 5.I was born in London but I _____________ (grow) up in the North of England. 6.While I was in London, my camera ______________ (steal) from my room. 7.While I was in London, my camera ______________(disappear) from my room. - REWRITE using passive sentences 1.Somebody cleans the room every day. - … 2.They cancelled all flights because of fog. – All … 3.People don’t use this road very often. - … 4.Somebody accused me of stealing money. – I … 5.People advised us not to go out alone. - …