Presentation on theme: "Mela Melinawati, M.Pd. Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known, however, who or what is performing the."— Presentation transcript:
Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known, however, who or what is performing the action. Example: My bike was stolen. In the example above, the focus is on the fact that my bike was stolen. I do not know, however, who did it.
Sometimes a statement in passive is more polite than active voice, as the following example shows: Example: A mistake was made. In this case, I focus on the fact that a mistake was made, but I do not blame anyone (e.g. You have made a mistake.).
Subject + finite form of to be + Past Participle (3rd column of irregular verbs)irregular verbs Example: A letter was written. When rewriting active sentences in passive voice, note the following: the object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence the finite form of the verb is changed (to be + past participle) the subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence (or is dropped)
TenseSubjectVerbObject Simple PresentActiveRitawritesa letter PassiveA letteris writtenby Rita ActiveThe cricketsmakesthese noises PassiveThese noisesare madeby the crickets
1. The documents / print 2. The window / open 3. The shoes / buy 4. The car / wash 5. The litter / throw away 6. The letter / send 7. The book / read / not 8. The songs / sing / not 9. The food / eat / not 10. The shop / close / not
Complete the sentences with the present simple passive of the verb in brackets. Use contractions where possible. isn't drunk, aren't produced, aren't sold, Is glass recycled, is spoken, Are cars made, are watched, is made 1. Glass ……………(recycle) in Britain. 2. These stereos ………..(not / produce) in Japan. 3. Alcohol …………..(not / drink) in schools. 4. Jam …………..(make) from fruit. 5. French ………….(speak) in some parts of Canada. 6. The Olympic Games ……….(watch) by millions of people. 7. Cars ………….(make) in Poland. 8. Sandwiches …………….(not / sell) in banks.
1. He opens the door. 2. We set the table. 3. She pays a lot of money. 4. I draw a picture. 5. They wear blue shoes. 6. They don't help you. 7. He doesn't open the book. 8. You do not write the letter. 9. Does your mum pick you up? 10. Does the police officer catch the thief?
11. Mr. Jones watches the film. 12. The people speak English. 13. He reads comics. 14. We play volleyball. 15. They sing the song. 16. I take photos. 17. She does the housework. 18. The policemen help the children. 19. He writes text message. 20. Mother waters the flowers.