Presentation on theme: "Romanesque Art Chapter 15. History William the Conqueror (1066) Capetians in France and the Plantagenets in England Local rulers only in Germany and Italy."— Presentation transcript:
History William the Conqueror (1066) Capetians in France and the Plantagenets in England Local rulers only in Germany and Italy Church is the guiding force in the Middle Ages, begins to decline Monasticism…Why? Jerusalem, Rome, and the Santiago de Compostela Crusades in 1095
11 Characteristics that make "Romanesque" what it is: “Romanesque” is the first international style since the Roman Empire. Competition among cities for the largest churches, which continues in the Gothic period via a “quest for height.” Masonry (stone) the preferred medium. Craft of concrete essentially lost in this period. Rejection of wooden structures or structural elements. East end of church the focus for liturgical services. West end for the entrance to church. Church portals as “billboards” for scripture or elements of faith. Cruciform plans. Nave and transept at right angles to one another. Church as a metaphor for heaven. Elevation of churches based on basilican forms, but with the nave higher than the side aisles. Interiors articulated by repetitive series of moldings. Heavy masonry forms seem lighter with applied decoration. Bays divide the nave into compartments Round-headed arches the norm. Tripartite division of the elevation continues from the earlier periods.