Presentation on theme: "REPORTED SPEECH. TRY TO EXPRESS THE SAME IN ENGLISH: Он попросил Аню открыть дверь. Саша спросил, сколько мне лет. Я посоветовал ему обратиться к врачу."— Presentation transcript:
TRY TO EXPRESS THE SAME IN ENGLISH: Он попросил Аню открыть дверь. Саша спросил, сколько мне лет. Я посоветовал ему обратиться к врачу. Валя спрашивал, скоро ли ты вернешься. Катя пообещала пойти с нами в кино. Дима сказал, что ему 23 года. Полицейский потребовал, чтобы Джон заплатил штраф.
THREE GENERAL RULES 1.Backshift (V -1 ) 2.Pronouns 3.Markers of time and place
RULES OF TRANSFORMATION TENSES RULES OF TRANSFORMATION TENSES PRESENT SIMPLE PRESENT CONTINUOUS PRESENT PERFECT PAST SIMPLE PAST CONTINUOUS PAST PERFECT FUTURE SIMPLE FUTURE CONTINUOUS FUTURE PERFECT PAST SIMPLE PAST SIMPLE PAST CONTINUOUS PAST PERFECT PAST PERFECT CONTIN. PAST PERFECT FUTURE-IN-THE-PAST SIMPLE FUTURE-IN-THE-PAST CONTINUOUS FUTURE-IN-THE-PAST PERFECT
PRONOUN CHANGES I we you they he she it He/shetheyI/we/me/ustheyhesheit
RULES OF TRANSFORMATION OTHER CHANGES now today tomorrow yesterday next week/year/… last week/year ago here this/thatthen that day the next/following day the previous day/ the day before the next / /the following week/year/… the previous week/year/ the year/week before previously/beforetherethe
REPORTING QUESTIONS GENERAL RULES WWWWhen you report a question, you make the same tense and other changes as you do for reported statements. WWWWhen you report a question, you use the same word order as in the statement YYYYou do not use a question mark in the reported question DDDDon't forget to change pronouns and adjectives accourding to the context (I he/she, our their, these those, etc.)
YES/NO QUESTIONS … Helen asked if I liked football. Jane wondered whether I was going to visit her tomorrow. wondered asked if whether V -1
WH-QUESTIONS She asked where I had been. We wondered why Dan was staying at home. wondered asked Question word V -1
V (that) … add admit warn agree announce believe boast claim complain deny declare explain insist remind suggest V smb (that)… warn remind tell V smb to V advise beg order promise warn remind V V ing admit deny suggest V prep V ing accuse of V to V agree offer refuse threaten promise
YOU DON`T MAKE A BACKSHIFT IF: TTTThe direct speech is in Past Perfect Jane said she had read the book before they were asked to read it. TTTThe direct speech has the modals must, might, ought to, could, should, would. My doctor told me I ought to exercise more. TTTThe reporting verb is in present He says he will come in a minute YYYYou want to emphasize that what you're reporting is still true The doctor said the population is growing.
Write a reported imaginary or real dialogue (7 – 10 sentences). Write 7 – 10 reported sentences