Presentation on theme: "REPORTED SPEECH. TRY TO EXPRESS THE SAME IN ENGLISH: Он попросил Аню открыть дверь. Саша спросил, сколько мне лет. Я посоветовал ему обратиться к врачу."— Presentation transcript:
TRY TO EXPRESS THE SAME IN ENGLISH: Он попросил Аню открыть дверь. Саша спросил, сколько мне лет. Я посоветовал ему обратиться к врачу. Валя спрашивал, скоро ли ты вернешься. Катя пообещала пойти с нами в кино. Дима сказал, что ему 23 года. Полицейский потребовал, чтобы Джон заплатил штраф.
WE USE REPORTED (INDIRECT) SPEECH TO REPORT WHAT SOMEONE HAS SAID. WE SHOULD TRANSFORM DIFFERENT SENTENCES IN A DIFFERENT WAY STATEMENTS QUESTIONS ORDERS SUGGESTIONS
REPORTING VERBS STATEMENT QUESTION say ask tell wonder explainadmitagreeapologise blame (for) congratulatepromiseremindthinkdenyrefuseaccuseboastcomplain ORDER SUGGESTION ORDER SUGGESTION tell suggest command offer advise invite warnrecommendthreatenaskbegorder insist (on)
FIND OUT THE WAY STATEMENTS ARE REPORTED: “Jack lives near me” – said Al “I'm swimming” – said Ann “I have been to Egypt!” – Mary told me “I missed the train!” – Lucy complained “We were watching TV from 5 to 6 yesterday” – explained Jenny. “I had seen him before the accident” – admitted Alice. “I will go there tomorrow” – said Mark. “I will have done my homework by 6 p.m.” – Jane told me. Al said Jack lived near him. Ann said she was swimming. Mary told me she had been to Egypt. Lucy complained she had missed the train. Jenny explained they had been watching TV from 5 to 6 the day before. Alice admitted she had seen him before the accident. Mark said he would go there tomorrow. Jane told me she would have done her homework by 6 p.m.
RULES OF TRANSFORMATION TENSES RULES OF TRANSFORMATION TENSES PRESENT SIMPLE PRESENT CONTINUOUS PRESENT PERFECT PAST SIMPLE PAST CONTINUOUS PAST PERFECT FUTURE SIMPLE FUTURE CONTINUOUS FUTURE PERFECT PAST SIMPLE PAST SIMPLE PAST CONTINUOUS PAST PERFECT PAST PERFECT CONTIN. PAST PERFECT FUTURE-IN-THE-PAST SIMPLE FUTURE-IN-THE-PAST CONTINUOUS FUTURE-IN-THE-PAST PERFECT
RULES OF TRANSFORMATION OTHER CHANGES now today tomorrow yesterday next week/year/… last week/year ago here this/thatthen that day the next/following day the previous day/ the day before the next / /the following week/year/… the previous week/year/ the year/week before previously/beforetherethe
YOU DON`T MAKE A TENSE CHANGE IF: TTTThe direct speech is in Past Perfect Jane said she had read the book before they were asked to read it. TTTThe direct speech has the modals must (for speculation), might, ought to, could, should, would. My doctor told me I ought to exercise more. TTTThe reporting verb is in present He says he will come in a minute YYYYou want to emphasize that what you're reporting is still true The doctor said the population is growing.
In spoken English we often put reporting verb in the Past Continuous when reporting what someone said recently. Mary was just saying that she'd like to go to a Chinese restaurant.
REPORT THESE SENTENCES 1. 1. Mike: “Alice went to school at 7 a.m.” 2. 2. Luke: “I will be writing an essay from 5 to 8 next Saturday.” 3. 3. Lina: “I like tennis”. 4. 4. Dan: “We are visiting the museum tomorrow.” 5. the Tower” 5. Sue: “Kim has seen the Tower” 6. Mary: “I will have seen the Tower by next weekend”. 7. Nelly: “My Mum doesn't like soap operas”. 8. Ann: “Jane was reading when I came” 9. Mike: “We washed up before she asked us”. 10.Dave: “Books will never disappear”.
TURN INTO THE DIRECT SPEECH 1. 1. Ted said he was going to faint 2. 2. Jack said he had opened the window before he was asked to open it. 3. 3. My doctor told me I would have become seriously ill if I was not careful about my health. 4. 4. Mary was just saying that she'd seen Helen 5. 5. He says he will come in a minute 6. Sue said she liked horror films. 7. Willy told me he had washed up yet. 8. Helen said she had been watching TV when I phoned. 9. Ann said that computers would never replace books. 10.Jill told Ann she would be doing her homework from 4 to 7 the next day.