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Reported Speech. DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH ' I know quite a lot of people here.' Robert said. Present Simple Simple PastHe said that he...............................

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Presentation on theme: "Reported Speech. DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH ' I know quite a lot of people here.' Robert said. Present Simple Simple PastHe said that he..............................."— Presentation transcript:

1 Reported Speech

2 DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH ' I know quite a lot of people here.' Robert said. Present Simple Simple PastHe said that he quite a lot of people there 'John is feeling much better ' Paul said. Present Continuous Past Continuous He said that John much better ' I enjoyed my holiday in the States' David said. Simple PastPast PerfectHe said that he his holiday in the States 'Jackie wasn´t feeling very well ' The teacher said. Past Continuous Past Perfect Continuous He said that Jackie very well ' They've seen the Eiffel Tower ' John said. Present Perfect Past PerfectHe said that they the Eiffel Tower ' I have been waiting for ages ' My father said. Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous He said that he for ages ' Nobody had warned them about the storm ' The politician said. Past Perfect He said that nobody about the storm ' She had been reading all day ' Brenda said. Past Perfect Continuous She said that she all day REPORTED SPEECH

3 ' I will be here with you.' Robert promised me. Future Simple Conditional Present Robert promised that he there with me 'John is going to study French ' Paul said. Be going toWas/Were going to Paul said that John to study French ' We can start the lesson' David said. CanCouldDavid said that we start the lesson ' They may come home ' My husband said. MayMightMy husband said that they come home ' You must be quiet in class ' The teacher said. MustHad toThe teacher said that we be quiet in class REPORTED SPEECH

4 REPORTING STATEMENTS Useful introductory verbs. ADD ADMIT + ing ANSWER ARGUE ASSURE BOAST about COMPLAIN to.. about DENY + ing EXPLAIN GRUMBLE about OBJECT to + ing OBSERVE POINT OUT PROMISE PROTEST against /about REMARK REMIND someone of… REPLY SAY & TELL

5 agree, refuse, offer, promise, threaten + infinitive Ann: Would you wait half an hour’ Tom: All right Chris: Would you lend me another €50? David: No, I won´t lend you any more money accuse of, admit, apologize for, deny, insist on + gerund You took me the money! I stole/ didn´t steal it! I am sorry I’m late Let me pay, please, let me REPORTING STATEMENTS

6 YES / NO QUESTIONS There is no inversion (subject/verb) If or whether after the reporting verb “Are you working these days?” he said. He inquired if/whether I was working those days “Did you speak to John last night?” she asked She wanted to know if I had spoken to J, the night before. REPORTING QUESTIONS

7 WH- QUESTIONS When Who or What are subjects of the sentence we don’t change the word order “Who told you this story?” He asked me who had told that story “What happens?” He wanted to know what happened. The word order is a positive one, without inversion (subject/verb) “Where did you go last summer?”. He asked me where I had gone the previous summer. Some verbs we can use as reporting verbs: ask, enquire, wonder, would like to know, want to know REPORTING QUESTIONS

8 The imperative changes into infinitive He said to us: “Stay here” He told us to stay here The reporting verb must indicate “order” He said: “Be quiet” He told me to be quiet Apart from Tell other verbs can be used: ask, beg, invite, warn, order, command, instruct,... “Say that again”, he said to me He asked me to say that again REPORTING COMMANDS

9 The verbs used are: beg, ask, demand & request and they are situated before the requested person. The word “please” is omitted When let is used in direct speech it must appear in the reported too but omitting the modal verb. When let is not used the modal is not omitted. “John, don’t open the window, please” I said I asked /requested/begged John not to open the window. “Can you let me use your phone, please?” I asked my neighbour I asked my neighbour to let me use her phone “Can I use your phone?” I asked my neighbour I asked my neighbour if I could use her phone. REPORTING REQUESTS

10 We normally use suggest + gerund to report them Also suggest that + subordinate sentence The suggestions : Let’s, why don’t we, shall we, why not… are omitted “Let’s go to the theatre” she said. “Why don’t we go to the theatre?” “Shall we go to the theatre?” She suggested going to the theatre She suggested that we could go to the theatre “Let’s not argue again,” he said. He suggested not arguing again He suggested that they should not argue again. REPORTING SUGGESTIONS


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