Presentation on theme: "Room Sizes and Relationships"— Presentation transcript:
1Room Sizes and Relationships GTT – Green ArchitectureUnit 7 – Lesson 7.2 – Room Sizes and RelationshipsRoom Sizes and RelationshipsGTT – Unit 7 – Green Architecture
2Room Relationships Three Areas Living Area Sleeping Area Service Area Presentation NameCourse NameUnit # – Lesson #.# – Lesson NameRoom RelationshipsThree AreasLiving AreaSleeping AreaService Area
3LIVING AREAS Presentation Name Course Name Unit # – Lesson #.# – Lesson NameLIVING AREASLiving AreaThe red highlighted rooms belong to the living area classification.What do you notice about where the rooms are placed?Sunken living room is near the front door (formal living room)Dining room is near the kitchenFamily room is also near the kitchen and the side of the house
4Living Area Formal Living Area Guest entertaining Quiet conversation Presentation NameCourse NameUnit # – Lesson #.# – Lesson NameLiving AreaFormal Living AreaGuest entertainingQuiet conversationNear entryGeneral size 13’ x 18’Formal Living RoomThe room typically used on holidays or special occasionsUsually for entertaining, quiet conversation, near the front entry wayPossibly does not contain a television
5Living Area Informal Living Area Guest entertaining Presentation NameCourse NameUnit # – Lesson #.# – Lesson NameLiving AreaInformal Living AreaGuest entertainingFamily entertainingEverything roomGeneral size 13’ x 16’Informal Living AreaHang out roomFun roomTelevisionGame consolesHomework area
6Living Area Dining Room Easy access to living and kitchen Presentation NameCourse NameUnit # – Lesson #.# – Lesson NameLiving AreaDining RoomEasy access to living and kitchenNook for smaller spacesCasual dining room 9’ X 11’Formal dining roomGeneral size 11’ x 14’Dining RoomAlways provides easy access to the kitchenExample: We don’t want to be lugging the big turkey with hot gravy and the carving knife through the formal living room to get to the dining room.Sizes can varyNook or Breakfast NookUsually attached to or part of the kitchenSometimes separated by a counter, island, or breakfast bar
7Living Area Characteristics Presentation NameCourse NameUnit # – Lesson #.# – Lesson NameLiving Area CharacteristicsResidents and guests play and relax hereNatural light and scenic views are desirable (except in a home theater)A formal entrance or foyer is placed in or near the main living spaceWhat rooms are part of the living area?
8Sleeping Area Presentation Name Course Name Unit # – Lesson #.# – Lesson NameSleeping AreaSleeping AreaThe blue highlighted rooms belong to the sleeping area classification.BedroomsClosets
9Sleeping Area Bedrooms Away from noise Away from busy traffic Presentation NameCourse NameUnit # – Lesson #.# – Lesson NameSleeping AreaBedroomsAway from noiseAway from busy trafficSizes varyGeneral size bedroom 9’ x 10’Medium size bedroom 12’ x 14’Master bedroom13’ x 16’ +BedroomKeep away from busy areas of the houseCan use closets to buffer sounds from other roomsSizes varyKids room (smaller)Master bedroom (largest) generally has:Largest bedroomLargest closet or walk-in closetBathroom that can only be accessed through the master bedroom
10Sleeping Area Closets Every bedroom Minimum 4’ wide x 24” deep Presentation NameCourse NameUnit # – Lesson #.# – Lesson NameSleeping AreaClosetsEvery bedroomMinimum 4’ wide x 24” deepNoise buffersMaster bedrooms have walk-in closetsWalk-in minimum 6’ x 6’Linen closet2’ wide x 18” deepClosetsA bedroom cannot officially be considered such without a closet.Many types of doors can be used for closetsBi-fold, 2 door, 4 doorSlidingTraditional (Keep in mind that if it a traditional door is used, the closet tends to be small so that every area can be accessed from the open door)Students tend to try to put a traditional door on a closet similar to the above, which doesn’t work because you cannot access closet space easily with traditional doors.
11Sleeping Area Characteristics Presentation NameCourse NameUnit # – Lesson #.# – Lesson NameSleeping Area CharacteristicsBedrooms should be private; should not walk through a bedroom to get to another room.Privacy, noise levels, activity, and room adjacencies are considered when planning bedroom locations.Master bedrooms may include a sitting area, master bathroom, or walk-in closet.What rooms are part of the sleeping area?A bathroom is considered part of the sleeping area when you have to walk through a bedroom to get to it.
12SERVICE AREAS Presentation Name Course Name Unit # – Lesson #.# – Lesson NameSERVICE AREASService AreaThe green highlighted rooms belong to the service area classification.Any area that has a major function within the homeExamples:KitchenBathroomFurnace/heating units/electrical areasBasement (not finished)Garage
13Service Area Bathrooms Privacy from living areas Presentation NameCourse NameUnit # – Lesson #.# – Lesson NameService AreaBathroomsPrivacy from living areasEasy access from other areas2 or more placed back-to-back½ bath = Lavatory and WC¾ bath = Lavatory, WC, showerFull bath = Lavatory, WC, tubMaster bath = Lavatory, WC, tub, separate showerGeneral size 6’ x 9’BathroomsWC stands for water closet.In architecture a sink is actually called a lavatory. A toilet is called a water closet.* Reminder to students – When they ask to go to the LAV, they are actually asking to use the sink.* The term water closet came from old outhouses.Bathrooms should not be located directly off of a living area.They should be close to the main living area or centrally located within a house.It is always beneficial to locate bathrooms back to back in order to save money on plumbing and labor costs.It is important to note that bathrooms require extra space in order to be handicapped accessible.Three foot minimum maneuvering space is standard for door sizes, hallways, and turn around areas.
14Service Area Laundry Room Presentation NameCourse NameUnit # – Lesson #.# – Lesson NameService AreaLaundry RoomMay contain sink, folding table, clothes rack, ironing boardLaundry supplies storageMay be near exterior access for hanging clothes outsideKeep near other rooms that need plumbingGeneral size: small – 33” x 66”, large – 10’ x 10’
15Service Area Garage Vehicle storage Yard equipment storage Presentation NameCourse NameUnit # – Lesson #.# – Lesson NameService AreaGarageVehicle storageYard equipment storageSport equipment storageFirewall between attached garage and houseGeneral size: one-car 12’ x 24’, two-car 22’ x 24’
16Service Area Kitchen Used the most View of play areas, inside and out Presentation NameCourse NameUnit # – Lesson #.# – Lesson NameService AreaKitchenUsed the mostView of play areas, inside and outClose to exit (carrying in groceries)Kitchen layout ~ working triangleMajor appliances need to be within 4-9 feet of each otherStove, sink, refrigerator, dishwasherGeneral Size 10’ x 10’KitchenVery important area of a home, often considered the heart of the houseThe most time is spent in the kitchenShould have views of outdoor play areas and family roomsClose to the garage or parking area for ease of unloading groceries and suppliesAsk students:Q. Where do most people today spend their time?A. Kitchen/family room areaQ. Why do we spend most of our time here?A. Answers will vary
17Service Area Characteristics Service or working areas are often grouped together to reduce plumbing cost.These areas are often noisy.When designing a two-story home, a bathroom should be on each level.What rooms are part of the service area?
18Working TriangleThe working triangle is the distance between the most common three work spaces in a kitchen: Stove, refrigerator, and sink.The work triangle has points at front center of sink, front center of stove, and front center of refrigerator.The perimeter should be between 12’ and 21’.
19How can we fix them? Working Triangle Presentation NameCourse NameUnit # – Lesson #.# – Lesson NameWorking TriangleA.B.C.The traffic flow through the kitchen can often disrupt work.A. This kitchen has no through traffic.B. This kitchen has cross traffic through the work area of the sink,refrigerator, and stove.C. This kitchen has disruptive traffic through the work area.There should not be any obstructions between the three work spaces.Household traffic should not flow through the work triangle.Refrigerators should not be next to oven – keep hot and cold appliances separate.How can we fix them?
21In What Area Does Each Room Belong? Basement (not finished) Presentation NameCourse NameUnit # – Lesson #.# – Lesson NameIn What Area DoesEach Room Belong?Basement (not finished)Basement (part finish)GaragePatioOfficeLibraryLiving RoomBathroomBedroomKitchenDining RoomFamily RoomLaundry RoomLivingSleepingServiceServiceLivingOverlapping words will not overlap in slide show.
22Identify the type of area for each room. Room SizesCourse NameUnit # – Lesson #.# – Lesson NameAnswers___________6123475810Answers are on the next slide.Optional – print this out and assign as homework or as a quiz.9Identify the type of area for each room.
23Answers Living area Service area Sleeping area 6 1 2 3 4 7 5 8 9 Presentation NameCourse NameUnit # – Lesson #.# – Lesson NameAnswersLiving areaService areaSleeping area61234758109SMALL HOUSE PLAN
24Presentation NameCourse NameUnit # – Lesson #.# – Lesson NameResourcesMicrosoft, Inc. (2011). Clip art. Retrieved from