Presentation on theme: "Architecture CAD living sleeping service SPACE PLANNING"— Presentation transcript:
1 Architecture CAD living sleeping service SPACE PLANNING Stevenson High School
2 3 BASIC AREAS OF RESIDENCE Sleeping AreaWhere the family resides to sleep and rest.Living AreaWhere the family relaxes, dines, entertains guests, and gathers.Service AreaWhere food is prepared, clothes are laundered, goods are stored, the car is parked, and house equipment is stored.
4 Where the family sleeps and rests. SPACEPLANNINGsleepingSleeping Area:Where the family sleeps and rests.
5 SLEEPING AREAThe sleeping area comprises about one- third of the home.Includes bedrooms, bathrooms, dressing rooms, and nurseries.Normally located in a quiet area of the home.Should have a south or southwest orientation.
10 SLEEPING AREA - BATHROOMS Bathroom’s generally contain a sink, toilet, & tub/shower.A bathroom with a sink & toilet is considered a half bath.Bathrooms with a sink, toilet, tub and/or shower is considered a full bath
11 SLEEPING AREA - BATHROOMS Bathroom SafetyElectrical switches should not be within reach of the tub.Use ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) outlets in the bathroom.Bathroom ventilation is a necessity.Ventilation can be provided by windows or an exhaust fan.
12 SLEEPING AREA - BATHROOMS Typical bathroom layouts
13 SLEEPING AREA - BATHROOMS One or more bathrooms should be near the bedrooms and living areas of the home.
14 Where the family relaxes, dines, entertains guests, and gathers. SPACEPLANNINGlivingLiving Area:Where the family relaxes, dines, entertains guests, and gathers.
15 LIVING AREA The living area consists of four main parts: Living/Family RoomsLiving - Where the family entertains guests, usually a more formal setting.Family - Gathering for group recreation like talking, reading, watching TV, and other family activitiesDining RoomWhere the family relaxes, dines, entertains guests, and gathers.Entryway/FoyerMain entryOutdoor SpaceOutdoor entertainment space, an informal setting (patios, decks, porches, pools, fire pits, etc.)
17 LIVING AREA – LIVING ROOM Often the center of activity, usually a more formal setting.Lifestyle will determine the size and arrangement.Do not use as a traffic corridor.Raising or lowering the floor level discourages through traffic.Take advantage of outside views.Entrance into house should not be into the living room.
18 LIVING AREA – LIVING ROOM Functional Living Room Layout
20 LIVING AREA – FAMILY ROOM Informal, all-purpose room in a house similar to a living room.Group recreation like talking, reading, watching TV, and other family activitiesFamily room is located often adjacent to the kitchenOften has doors leading to the back yard and specific outdoor living areas such as a deck, garden, or terrace.
22 LIVING AREA – DINING ROOM May be formal or informal.Special place for eating and family gatherings.The dining room should be adjacent to the kitchen.It should also be adjacent to the living room.It should provide for the natural movement of guests.
23 LIVING AREA – DINING ROOM Functional Dining Room Placement
25 LIVING AREA – ENTRYWAY/FOYER The main entry should be centrally located.It should open into a foyer.Glass side panels provide visibility, natural light, and design feature.The entryway should provide protection from the weather using:Wide overhangs.Recessed entry.It should be compatible with the overall house design.It should provide enough space for several people.
27 LIVING AREA – OUTDOOR SPACE Patios, porches, and decks enlarge the area and function of a home.Privacy: Screens, walls, and plants.Commonly used materials:Concrete, brick, stone, rot-resistant wood.May function as outdoor eating areas.Balconies and verandas are types of porches that are higher.
28 LIVING AREA – OUTDOOR SPACE Patios are near the house, but not structurally connected to it.Patios are used for relaxing, playing, entertaining, and living.Porches and decks are different from patios in two ways:Generally structurally connected.Raised above the grade.Porches are covered.Decks are not covered.
29 Service Area: service SPACE PLANNING Where food is prepared, clothes are laundered, goods are stored, the car is parked, and house equipment is stored.
30 SERVICE AREAThe service area supplements the living and sleeping areas of the house.Supplies equipment and space for:Maintenance.Storage.Service.Includes kitchen, laundry rooms, garage or carport, utility, and storage.
32 SERVICE AREA – KITCHENThe principal use of the kitchen is food preparation, but may include dining and storage.The kitchen is usually the most expensive room in the house per square foot.Planning an efficient kitchen involves:Placement of appliances.Providing adequate storage cabinets.Providing food preparation facilities.
33 SERVICE AREA – KITCHENKitchen eating areas should be convenient for serving informal meals.Kitchen eating areas should be located outside the food preparation area.Allow sufficient space for seating and moving about.Good lighting is important for the eating area.
34 SERVICE AREA – KITCHENThe work triangle is one measure of kitchen efficiency.The distance from the front-center of the range to the refrigerator to the sink and back to the range is the length of the work triangle.The total distance should not exceed 22 feet.
36 SERVICE AREA – GARAGE/CARPORT The purpose of a garage or carport is to provide shelter for the family cars.Attached to the house or freestanding.Sizes depend on number of cars, size and layout of house, and space available.A covered walkway enhances free-standing structures.A garage can provide space for outdoor recreation or gardening tools.