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Competency: 203.00 Draw Floor Plans Objective: 203.02 Analyze accepted principles of single-view residential space planning.

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Presentation on theme: "Competency: 203.00 Draw Floor Plans Objective: 203.02 Analyze accepted principles of single-view residential space planning."— Presentation transcript:

1 Competency: Draw Floor Plans Objective: Analyze accepted principles of single-view residential space planning.

2 Traffic Patterns Analyze traffic flow Main traffic areas Halls Stairs Foyers Entrances to rooms Exterior entrances

3 Traffic Patterns Halls Minimum width of 3’-0” Allow for furniture movement Overly long halls waste space Door locations Guide traffic Locations Doors & openings near corners

4 Entrances Minimum of 2 Outside & inside waiting area Porch & Foyer Flooring materials Sturdy & cleanable First impression

5 Entrances Main 3’-0” minimum door width Easily identifiable Coat closet Foyer View to outside Service Leads to laundry, kitchen, utility areas, etc. 2’-8” minimum width

6 Room Planning Living area Living room Dining room Foyer Recreation or family room Great room Sunroom Home office Den Gathering spaces

7 Room Planning Types of Floor Plans Closed/Formal Contain access through doors or openings Traditional style homes Open/Informal Plans Partial separations Combine several spaces/rooms Area rugs or furniture provide visual separation Floor height elevations may differentiate rooms

8 Living Room Purpose determines size and layout Limit traffic through room Centrally located near entrance Views to outside Close to dining and entertaining area

9 Dining Room Purpose determines size and layout Adjacent to kitchen and living area Accessible to outside dining Space for serving and movement

10 Sleeping Area Bedrooms Baths Dressing Rooms Closets Homes categorized by number of bedrooms & baths Three bedroom homes most common

11 Bedrooms Grouped in quiet separate area Master bedroom separated from others Size & layout related to furniture & function 70 sq ft minimum 9’-0” in any direction Movement around furniture Planned activities Reading Writing Watching TV Hobbies

12 Bedrooms Doors Accessible to a hall Swing into room 2’-6” minimum width Size allows for furniture movement Windows Ventilation & light Means of egress Use wall space

13 Dressing Areas Separate room or alcove Sinks, make-up counters, Mirrors, chairs Closets Adjacent to Master bath

14 Bathrooms Plumbing fixtures Water closet Shower Tub Lavatory Bidet

15 Bathrooms Lavatories Wall-hung Pedestal Countertop Various sizes & styles of fixtures Water closet 15” min. from CL to wall or adjacent fixture 2”x 6” stud construction for plumbing Optionally compartmentalized

16 Bathrooms Located near of adjacent to bedrooms Bath sizes 5’-0” x 8’-0” minimum full bath 3’-0” x 7’-0” minimum half bath Lavatory and water closet only Furnishings Hampers Linen shelves Counter space Medicine cabinet Mirrors

17 Bathrooms Require natural ventilation or fan to remove moisture Grouping increases efficiency Centralized plumbing Modifications for medical/disabled clients Linen closets Nearby location Minimum 18” deep

18 Service Areas Kitchen Laundry Garage or Carport

19 Kitchen Food preparation May include Dining Laundry Storage

20 Kitchen Three work centers Food storage and preparation Refrigerator, cabinets, pantry, countertop Cooking Range, oven, microwave, countertops Clean-up Sink, dishwasher, countertops

21 Kitchen Work Triangle Line from center front of each work center Range Refrigerator Sink Sum of all sides should not exceed 22’ Traffic lanes should not impede work centers

22 Kitchen Counters & Cabinets Sufficient for operations and storage Base cabinets = 24” deep Wall cabinets = 12” deep Drawn as hidden lines

23 Kitchen Styles Straight line Ideal for small spaces Apartments Cottages Limited amount of cabinets

24 Kitchen Styles L-shaped In small/medium size kitchens Attractive

25 Kitchen Styles Corridor Small/medium size kitchens Efficient for long narrow space Not for heavy traffic areas 4’ minimum between cabinets

26 Kitchen Styles U-shape High efficiency Medium size kitchens 6’ between legs of “U”

27 Kitchen Styles Island Stand-alone cabinets 42” clearance on all sides

28 Kitchen Eating Areas Family kitchen Open/Informal plan Table & chairs or eating counter

29 Laundry Size/Location varies with function Washing Drying Ironing Close to kitchen and other work areas Arrange appliances/fixtures efficiently Preparation Hampers/bins Washing Sink Washer Detergents Drying Dryer Drying line Folding & ironing

30 Garage/Carport Size depends on number of cars and other purposes Single car space 11’x 19’ to 16’x 25’ Double car space 20’x 20’ to 25’x 25’ Increase space for storage and/or work area May be separate structure or attached to home Style matches home Breezeway

31 Carport One or more walls removed No door provided Less expensive than garage Less protection than garage Better suited to mild climates

32 Garage Doors vary in style, construction, size Floors Slope toward doors or built-in drain 4” thick poured concrete with vapor barrier Apron connects floor to paved driveways

33 Driveways Turnaround Widths 10’ for a single-car garage 18’ for a double-car garage Turning radii of 15’ at street Layout varies

34 Outside Living Areas Porches Built of various materials Structurally connected to the home Raised above grade Patios Located at ground level Constructed of concrete Decks Structurally connected to the home Constructed of wood


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