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Architectural Design Mrs. Bess Technology Design & Applications Click on me to get started!

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Presentation on theme: "Architectural Design Mrs. Bess Technology Design & Applications Click on me to get started!"— Presentation transcript:

1 Architectural Design Mrs. Bess Technology Design & Applications Click on me to get started!

2 We will be exploring the features that make up the inside of a house. Just click on the door to enter!

3 Click on the area of the house that you want to explore. Living Area Living Area Service Area (Kitchen) Service Area (Kitchen) Sleeping Area Sleeping Area General Service Area General Service Area Hmmm… am I hungry? Sleepy? I cant decide! When you have completed all four sections, click here.here

4 You chose kitchen (you must be hungry!) YUM YUM!!!

5 Kitchen Kitchens serve three functions: Storage and preparation Storage and preparation Storage and preparation Storage and preparation Cooking Cooking Cooking Cleanup Cleanup Cleanup Click on each link above to find out more about these functions

6 Storage and Preparation The major appliance for storage and preparation is the refrigerator. Cabinets are used to store utensils and ingredients. Countertops are used for preparing food. Return to MenuIve seen all three functions

7 Cooking The major appliances for cooking are the range, microwave oven, and conventional oven. You should have storage space for minor appliances and cooking utensils. Return to MenuIve seen all three functions

8 Clean-Up The sink is the major appliance of the clean- up area. Garbage disposal Dishwasher Trash compactor Cabinets for storing cleaning supplies. Return to MenuIve seen all three functions

9 Work Triangle By drawing a line connecting the three centers of the kitchen, you form a triangle. This is known as the work triangle. Kitchens types are based on the arrangement of the work triangle. Click on the triangle to find out each of these kitchen types. Refrigerator Stove Sink

10 U-Shaped Kitchen In a U-Shaped kitchen, counters are arranged in a U formation. One appliance is located on each side of the U. Click on the triangle to continue work_triangle.html

11 Peninsula Kitchen The peninsula kitchen is similar to U shaped kitchen, except that one side of the kitchen is not a wall. Instead, it comes out of the wall like the peninsulas you probably learned about in Geography class (think of Florida). The peninsula can serve as a bar or as extra counter space. Click on the triangle to continue work_triangle.html

12 L-Shaped Kitchen The L-Shaped kitchen is shaped like an L. Two centers are located on one wall, while the remaining appliance is located on the wall perpendicular to that wall. Click on the triangle to continue work_triangle.html

13 Corridor Kitchen Corridor kitchens are excellent for long, narrow spaces. It works particularly well if there is limited space (such as in a small apartment). Click on the triangle to continue work_triangle.html

14 One-Wall Kitchen The one-wall kitchen is another plan that is excellent for small spaces. Each center is located along the same wall. This does limit counter space is limited, which means the amount of storage and preparation space is also limited. Click on the triangle to continue work_triangle.html

15 Island Kitchen Has a separate, freestanding structure that is usually located in the center of the kitchen. Can contain a rangetop, sink, or be used as counter space or an eating area. Has a separate, freestanding structure that is usually located in the center of the kitchen. Can contain a rangetop, sink, or be used as counter space or an eating area. Click on the triangle to continue work_triangle.html

16 Which of the following is the maximum perimeter size of an efficient work triangle? A B C D

17 You answered 12 Im sorry, but 12 is incorrect. However, an efficient work triangle should be no less than 12 in perimeter. Go Back

18 You answered 18. Im sorry, but 18 is incorrect. Although 18 is acceptable as an effective work triangle perimeter, it is not the maximum efficient perimeter. Go Back

19 You answered 22. Excellent work! The most efficient work triangles are no larger than 22 in perimeter. Anything larger than this, and preparing a meal would be too much work! Continue

20 You answered 30. Im sorry, but 30 is incorrect. Ill give you a hint – the correct answer is less than 30. Go Back

21 You chose living area

22 Living Area The living area is often found on the first floor of a house. It is divided into different parts. Click on the icons below to find out more about the different parts of the living area. Click here when finished Living RoomDining Room

23 Living Room You should be able to access the living room from an outside entrance. You should be able to access the living room from an outside entrance. A small living room would be around 12 x 18. An average room would be 16 x 20. Anything over 20 x 26 would be considered large. A small living room would be around 12 x 18. An average room would be 16 x 20. Anything over 20 x 26 would be considered large. Back

24 Dining room A dining room could be a separate room, or could be located in the kitchen. A dining room could be a separate room, or could be located in the kitchen. It should be located near the kitchen to ease the transport of food from stove to table. It should be located near the kitchen to ease the transport of food from stove to table. Size and shape Size and shape should be should be determined by determined by family size. family size. Back

25 Open/Closed Plans There are two basic methods for arranging a living area: the open plan and the closed plan. There are two basic methods for arranging a living area: the open plan and the closed plan. Click the arrow to continue

26 Open Plan An open plan is a plan in which partitions do not completely divide the rooms within the living area (living room, kitchen, and dining room). An open plan is a plan in which partitions do not completely divide the rooms within the living area (living room, kitchen, and dining room). 20Living%20Area- .jpg Continue to Closed Plan

27 Closed Plan A room has a closed plan if the living area rooms are completely divided by walls or partitions. A room has a closed plan if the living area rooms are completely divided by walls or partitions. chhouse/livingroom.jpg Click the arrow to continue

28 Which of the following rooms are part of the living area? A. Home Office Home OfficeHome Office B. Recreation Room Recreation RoomRecreation Room C. Media Room Media RoomMedia Room D. All of the above All of the aboveAll of the above

29 You chose Home Office Although the home office can be part of the living area, there are more rooms to be considered…keep trying. Go Back

30 You chose Recreation Room Yes…the recreation room is sometimes part of the living area, but there are more rooms to be considered…keep trying. Go Back

31 You chose Media Room Youre close…Although the home office can be part of the living area, there are more rooms to be considered…keep trying. Go Back

32 You said All of the Above Correct! Although you would have been correct answering any of the first three answers, a living area may include any of the following rooms: entertainment room, family room, home office, home theater, media room, recreation room, studio, Correct! Although you would have been correct answering any of the first three answers, a living area may include any of the following rooms: entertainment room, family room, home office, home theater, media room, recreation room, studio, or a study. Continue

33 You chose sleeping area …ZZZZZZ WAKE UP!!!

34 What is a sleeping area? A sleeping area is made up of more than just bedrooms. Bathrooms are also included in the sleeping area. Click on a room in the picture on the right that you would like check out first. When you have studied both rooms, click here to continue.here

35 Bedroom Many houses are described by the number of bedrooms it contains (eg. 2-bedroom house, 3-bedroom house) Many houses are described by the number of bedrooms it contains (eg. 2-bedroom house, 3-bedroom house) Three-bedroom homes are most common, as they will accommodate the average size family. Three-bedroom homes are most common, as they will accommodate the average size family. Continue

36 Size and Shape The minimum size for a The minimum size for a bedroom is 100 square feet The average size of a bedroom may range from 100 square feet – 200 square feet The average size of a bedroom may range from 100 square feet – 200 square feet Anything over 200 square feet is considered large. Anything over 200 square feet is considered large. Continue

37 Location, location, location! Bedrooms should be located in a quiet area of the house. Bedrooms should be located in a quiet area of the house. It is sometimes recommended that It is sometimes recommended that the master bedroom be located on the master bedroom be located on another level of the house away from another level of the house away from other bedrooms. other bedrooms. Continue

38 Click on the objects below to find out how to reduce noise in the sleeping area. When you have viewed each of these objects, click here.here

39 Lessen Street Noise The bedroom should be in the quiet part of the house, away from major street noise Back

40 Closets Air is a good insulator. Therefore, closets can be located to buffer sound between rooms. Back

41 Curtains Floor to ceiling curtains can help reduce noise from the outside. Back

42 Acoustical Tile Acoustical tile in the ceiling is effective in reducing noise. Back

43 Trees and Shrubbery Trees and shrubbery near the bedroom help absorb outside noise. Back

44 Glass The use of double glazed insulating glass for windows and sliding doors helps reduce outside noise. Back

45 Bathroom Bathrooms must be designed carefully to accommodate plumbing and various fixtures. Bathrooms must be designed carefully to accommodate plumbing and various fixtures. Fixtures may include: lavatory Fixtures may include: lavatory (sink), toilet, and bathtub and/or (sink), toilet, and bathtub and/or shower. shower. Continue

46 Click on each bathroom fixture to find out more about it. Ive looked at all three fixtures and Im ready to move on…

47 Toilet Requires a minimum of 18 from Requires a minimum of 18 from the center to a side wall or other fixtures. the center to a side wall or other fixtures. If possible, the toilet should not be visible when the bathroom door is open. If possible, the toilet should not be visible when the bathroom door is open. Back to Menu

48 Lavatory Lavatory is another term for the bathroom sink. Lavatory is another term for the bathroom sink. Available in a wide variety of colors, sizes and styles. Available in a wide variety of colors, sizes and styles. Comfortable height for most people is between 34 and 36. Comfortable height for most people is between 34 and 36. Back to Menu

49 Bathtub/Shower Most small-average sized bathtubs contain a shower head mounted on the wall. Most small-average sized bathtubs contain a shower head mounted on the wall. A separate shower stall can be used instead of a bathtub. A separate shower stall can be used instead of a bathtub. Back to Menu

50 Clearances Bathrooms should be designed with the following fixture placements in mind: At least 24 of space in front of the toilet. At least 24 of space in front of the toilet. At least 20 of space between the center of the sink and the wall At least 20 of space between the center of the sink and the wall At least 30 between the front of the sink and another fixture At least 30 between the front of the sink and another fixture At least 18 between the center of the toilet and the wall or another fixture At least 18 between the center of the toilet and the wall or another fixture Continue

51 Full vs. Half Baths Full baths contain a lavatory, a toilet, and a bathtub and/or shower. They should be accessible to those living in the house (i.e. within the sleeping area). Full baths contain a lavatory, a toilet, and a bathtub and/or shower. They should be accessible to those living in the house (i.e. within the sleeping area). Half baths contain only a lavatory and toilet. They should be accessible to guests (i.e. near the living area). Half baths contain only a lavatory and toilet. They should be accessible to guests (i.e. near the living area). Continue

52 Size and shape The minimum size for a The minimum size for a full bath is 5 x 8. Size ultimately depends on the placement of the bathroom within the house, as well as the size of fixtures being used. Continue

53 Which of the following is typically NOT found in a half bath? A. Bathtub Bathtub B. Toilet Toilet C. Sink Sink D. Lavatory Lavatory

54 You answered Bathtub Excellent work!!! A half-bath is typically used by guests, and is located near the living area. A guest most likely would not need a bathtub. Continue

55 You answered Toilet Since the half-bath is typically used for guests, and is located near the living area, a toilet is something you would want to make available to your guests. Try again!

56 You answered Sink Because the half-bath is typically used for guests, and is located near the living area, a guest would probably require the use of a sink. Try again!

57 You answered Lavatory A lavatory is another word for sink. Since the half-bath is typically used for guests, and is located near the living area, you would want to offer your guests use of a lavatory when they visit. Try again!

58 You chose General Service Area

59 General Service Areas The General Service Area consists of the following rooms/facilities: The General Service Area consists of the following rooms/facilities: –Utility Room Utility RoomUtility Room –Garages and Carports Garages and CarportsGarages and Carports –Mudroom Mudroom When you have completed the General Service Area section, click here.here

60 Utility Room The utility room serves as a laundry room. You might also find water heating, home heating and air conditioning units, as well as storage areas in this room. Back to General Service Area

61 Garages and Carports

62 Garage Locations There are several different types of garages that you can incorporate into a house. There are several different types of garages that you can incorporate into a house. –Integral Integral –Attached Attached –Detached Detached –Breezeway Breezeway –Subterranean Subterranean –Carport Carport When you have viewed each of the garages, click here.here

63 Integral Garage The integral garage is connected to the house, usually underneath a second story. The integral garage is connected to the house, usually underneath a second story. Next GarageBack to Garage Locations

64 Attached Garage The attached garage is similar to the integral garage except that it is attached to the side of the house, and not necessarily a supporting part of the structure. The attached garage is similar to the integral garage except that it is attached to the side of the house, and not necessarily a supporting part of the structure. Next GarageBack to Garage Locations

65 Detached Garage A detached garage is a building separate from the house. A detached garage is a building separate from the house. Next GarageBack to Garage Locations

66 Subterranean Garage A subterranean garage is located beneath the house. A subterranean garage is located beneath the house. Next GarageBack to Garage Locations

67 Breezeway Garage A breezeway garage is similar to the detached garage, except that the two buildings are connected by a covered walkway. A breezeway garage is similar to the detached garage, except that the two buildings are connected by a covered walkway. Next GarageBack to Garage Locations

68 Carport A carport is similar to a garage, except that one or more walls are missing. A carport is similar to a garage, except that one or more walls are missing. Back to Garage Locations

69 Mudroom The mudroom allows easy access to the outside of the house. It is sometimes used to connect the garage to the utility room. Back to General Service Area

70 Which of these items would likely find in a general service area? A. Washer/Dryer Unit Washer/Dryer UnitWasher/Dryer Unit B. Vehicle Vehicle C. Sink Sink D. All of the above All of the aboveAll of the above

71 You chose Washer/Dryer Unit While you will find a washer/dryer unit in the utility room, it is probably not the only item you will find in the general service area. Keep trying!

72 You chose Vehicle While you will find a vehicle in the garage, you will probably find several other items. Keep trying!

73 You chose Sink You can find a sink in many parts of the house…the bathroom, the kitchen…even the utility room. However, there are many other items that can be found in the general service area. Keep trying!

74 You chose All of the Above You are correct!!! Each of the items listed can be found in some part of the service area. You are correct!!! Each of the items listed can be found in some part of the service area. Continue

75 Parting Thoughts The information presented in this presentation is intended to assist you as you design a house as part of your project for this class. The information puts your assignment into a realistic context, so that your design will reflect real-life building practices. Please use it as a reference as you work on this design. For a list of resources for this interactive PowerPoint, please click here.here

76 Resources Cabinetry Direct. (n.d.). Understanding the work triangle. In Budget kitchen cabinets. Retrieved November 7, 2005, from Cabinetry Direct. (n.d.). Understanding the work triangle. In Budget kitchen cabinets. Retrieved November 7, 2005, from Helper, D.J., Wallach, P.R., & Helper, D.E. (2006). Helper, D.J., Wallach, P.R., & Helper, D.E. (2006). Drafting and design for architecture. Clifton Park, NY: Thompson Delmar Learning. A house in Santa Cruz: Directory of owner-managed rentals. (n.d.). Retrieved November 22, 2005, from PMR Priscilla Murphy Realty, Inc. (n.d). Margie Davison: More than you expect. Retrieved November 22, 2005, from mail.jpg All clipart taken from Microsoft PowerPoint unless otherwise noted. All clipart taken from Microsoft PowerPoint unless otherwise noted. Click HERE to start overHERE


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