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Competency: Draw Floor Plans

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Presentation on theme: "Competency: Draw Floor Plans"— Presentation transcript:

1 Competency: 203.00 Draw Floor Plans
Objective: Analyze accepted principles of single-view residential space planning.

2 Determine owner’s needs
Successful design Represents owner’s lifestyle Meets owner’s needs

3 Client needs Considerations and requirements
Family structure and number Family or individuals’ interests and activities Financial considerations Location of lot Number of levels Architectural style Zoning ordinances and covenants

4 Levels One-story homes One & a half story homes No stairs
More costly to build Require large lot One & a half story homes Steep roof allows attic living space Dormers let in air and light

5 Levels Two-story homes Split-level homes Economical to build
Smaller roof and foundation area Split-level homes Ideal for sloping lot Separate sleeping, living, recreation areas

6 Traffic Patterns Analyze traffic flow Main traffic areas Halls Stairs
Foyers Entrances to rooms Exterior entrances

7 Traffic Patterns Halls Door locations Locations Minimum width of 3’-0”
Allow for furniture movement Overly long halls waste space Door locations Guide traffic Locations Doors & openings near corners

8 Entrances Minimum of 2 Outside & inside waiting area
Porch & Foyer Flooring materials Sturdy & cleanable First impression

9 Entrances Main Service 3’-0” minimum door width Easily identifiable
Coat closet Foyer View to outside Service Leads to laundry, kitchen, utility areas, etc. 2’-8” minimum width

10 Room Planning Living area Living room Dining room Foyer
Recreation or family room Great room Sunroom Home office Den Gathering spaces

11 Room Planning Types of Floor Plans Closed/Formal Open/Informal Plans
Contain access through doors or openings Traditional style homes Open/Informal Plans Partial separations Combine several spaces/rooms Area rugs or furniture provide visual separation Floor height elevations may differentiate rooms

12 Living Room Purpose determines size and layout
Limit traffic through room Centrally located near entrance Views to outside Close to dining and entertaining area

13 Dining Room Purpose determines size and layout
Adjacent to kitchen and living area Accessible to outside dining Space for serving and movement

14 Sleeping Area Bedrooms Baths Dressing Rooms Closets
Homes categorized by number of bedrooms & baths Three bedroom homes most common

15 Bedrooms Grouped in quiet separate area
Master bedroom separated from others Size & layout related to furniture & function 70 sq ft minimum 9’-0” in any direction Movement around furniture Planned activities Reading Writing Watching TV Hobbies

16 Bedrooms Doors Windows Accessible to a hall Swing into room
2’-6” minimum width Size allows for furniture movement Windows Ventilation & light Means of egress Use wall space

17 Dressing Areas Separate room or alcove Sinks, make-up counters,
Mirrors, chairs Closets Adjacent to Master bath

18 Bathrooms Plumbing fixtures Water closet Shower Tub Lavatory Bidet

19 Bathrooms Lavatories Various sizes & styles of fixtures Water closet
Wall-hung Pedestal Countertop Various sizes & styles of fixtures Water closet 15” min. from CL to wall or adjacent fixture 2”x 6” stud construction for plumbing Optionally compartmentalized

20 Bathrooms Located near of adjacent to bedrooms Bath sizes
5’-0” x 8’-0” minimum full bath 3’-0” x 7’-0” minimum half bath Lavatory and water closet only Furnishings Hampers Linen shelves Counter space Medicine cabinet Mirrors

21 Bathrooms Require natural ventilation or fan to remove moisture
Grouping increases efficiency Centralized plumbing Modifications for medical/disabled clients Linen closets Nearby location Minimum 18” deep

22 Service Areas Kitchen Laundry Garage or Carport

23 Kitchen Food preparation May include Dining Laundry Storage

24 Kitchen Three work centers Food storage and preparation Cooking
Refrigerator, cabinets, pantry, countertop Cooking Range, oven, microwave, countertops Clean-up Sink, dishwasher, countertops

25 Kitchen Work Triangle Line from center front of each work center
Range Refrigerator Sink Sum of all sides should not exceed 22’ Traffic lanes should not impede work centers

26 Kitchen Counters & Cabinets Sufficient for operations and storage
Base cabinets = 24” deep Wall cabinets = 12” deep Drawn as hidden lines

27 Kitchen Styles Straight line Ideal for small spaces
Apartments Cottages Limited amount of cabinets

28 Kitchen Styles L-shaped In small/medium size kitchens Attractive

29 Kitchen Styles Corridor Small/medium size kitchens
Efficient for long narrow space Not for heavy traffic areas 4’ minimum between cabinets

30 Kitchen Styles U-shape High efficiency Medium size kitchens
6’ between legs of “U”

31 Kitchen Styles Island Stand-alone cabinets 42” clearance on all sides

32 Kitchen Eating Areas Family kitchen Open/Informal plan
Table & chairs or eating counter

33 Laundry Size/Location varies with function
Washing Drying Ironing Close to kitchen and other work areas Arrange appliances/fixtures efficiently Preparation Hampers/bins Washing Sink Washer Detergents Drying Dryer Drying line Folding & ironing

34 Garage/Carport Size depends on number of cars and other purposes
Single car space 11’x 19’ to 16’x 25’ Double car space 20’x 20’ to 25’x 25’ Increase space for storage and/or work area May be separate structure or attached to home Style matches home Breezeway

35 Carport One or more walls removed No door provided
Less expensive than garage Less protection than garage Better suited to mild climates

36 Garage Doors vary in style, construction, size Floors
Slope toward doors or built-in drain 4” thick poured concrete with vapor barrier Apron connects floor to paved driveways

37 Driveways Turnaround Widths 10’ for a single-car garage
18’ for a double-car garage Turning radii of 15’ at street Layout varies

38 Outside Living Areas Porches Patios Decks Built of various materials
Structurally connected to the home Raised above grade Patios Located at ground level Constructed of concrete Decks Constructed of wood

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