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Competency: 203.00 Draw Floor Plans Objective: 203.02 Analyze accepted principles of single-view residential space planning.

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Presentation on theme: "Competency: 203.00 Draw Floor Plans Objective: 203.02 Analyze accepted principles of single-view residential space planning."— Presentation transcript:

1 Competency: Draw Floor Plans Objective: Analyze accepted principles of single-view residential space planning.

2 Determine owners needs Successful design Represents owners lifestyle Meets owners needs

3 Client needs Considerations and requirements Family structure and number Family or individuals interests and activities Financial considerations Location of lot Number of levels Architectural style Zoning ordinances and covenants

4 Levels One-story homes No stairs More costly to build Require large lot One & a half story homes Steep roof allows attic living space Dormers let in air and light

5 Levels Two-story homes Economical to build Smaller roof and foundation area Split-level homes Ideal for sloping lot Separate sleeping, living, recreation areas

6 Traffic Patterns Analyze traffic flow Main traffic areas Halls Stairs Foyers Entrances to rooms Exterior entrances

7 Traffic Patterns Halls Minimum width of 3-0 Allow for furniture movement Overly long halls waste space Door locations Guide traffic Locations Doors & openings near corners

8 Entrances Minimum of 2 Outside & inside waiting area Porch & Foyer Flooring materials Sturdy & cleanable First impression

9 Entrances Main 3-0 minimum door width Easily identifiable Coat closet Foyer View to outside Service Leads to laundry, kitchen, utility areas, etc. 2-8 minimum width

10 Room Planning Living area Living room Dining room Foyer Recreation or family room Great room Sunroom Home office Den Gathering spaces

11 Room Planning Types of Floor Plans Closed/Formal Contain access through doors or openings Traditional style homes Open/Informal Plans Partial separations Combine several spaces/rooms Area rugs or furniture provide visual separation Floor height elevations may differentiate rooms

12 Living Room Purpose determines size and layout Limit traffic through room Centrally located near entrance Views to outside Close to dining and entertaining area

13 Dining Room Purpose determines size and layout Adjacent to kitchen and living area Accessible to outside dining Space for serving and movement

14 Sleeping Area Bedrooms Baths Dressing Rooms Closets Homes categorized by number of bedrooms & baths Three bedroom homes most common

15 Bedrooms Grouped in quiet separate area Master bedroom separated from others Size & layout related to furniture & function 70 sq ft minimum 9-0 in any direction Movement around furniture Planned activities Reading Writing Watching TV Hobbies

16 Bedrooms Doors Accessible to a hall Swing into room 2-6 minimum width Size allows for furniture movement Windows Ventilation & light Means of egress Use wall space

17 Dressing Areas Separate room or alcove Sinks, make-up counters, Mirrors, chairs Closets Adjacent to Master bath

18 Bathrooms Plumbing fixtures Water closet Shower Tub Lavatory Bidet

19 Bathrooms Lavatories Wall-hung Pedestal Countertop Various sizes & styles of fixtures Water closet 15 min. from CL to wall or adjacent fixture 2x 6 stud construction for plumbing Optionally compartmentalized

20 Bathrooms Located near of adjacent to bedrooms Bath sizes 5-0 x 8-0 minimum full bath 3-0 x 7-0 minimum half bath Lavatory and water closet only Furnishings Hampers Linen shelves Counter space Medicine cabinet Mirrors

21 Bathrooms Require natural ventilation or fan to remove moisture Grouping increases efficiency Centralized plumbing Modifications for medical/disabled clients Linen closets Nearby location Minimum 18 deep

22 Service Areas Kitchen Laundry Garage or Carport

23 Kitchen Food preparation May include Dining Laundry Storage

24 Kitchen Three work centers Food storage and preparation Refrigerator, cabinets, pantry, countertop Cooking Range, oven, microwave, countertops Clean-up Sink, dishwasher, countertops

25 Kitchen Work Triangle Line from center front of each work center Range Refrigerator Sink Sum of all sides should not exceed 22 Traffic lanes should not impede work centers

26 Kitchen Counters & Cabinets Sufficient for operations and storage Base cabinets = 24 deep Wall cabinets = 12 deep Drawn as hidden lines

27 Kitchen Styles Straight line Ideal for small spaces Apartments Cottages Limited amount of cabinets

28 Kitchen Styles L-shaped In small/medium size kitchens Attractive

29 Kitchen Styles Corridor Small/medium size kitchens Efficient for long narrow space Not for heavy traffic areas 4 minimum between cabinets

30 Kitchen Styles U-shape High efficiency Medium size kitchens 6 between legs of U

31 Kitchen Styles Island Stand-alone cabinets 42 clearance on all sides

32 Kitchen Eating Areas Family kitchen Open/Informal plan Table & chairs or eating counter

33 Laundry Size/Location varies with function Washing Drying Ironing Close to kitchen and other work areas Arrange appliances/fixtures efficiently Preparation Hampers/bins Washing Sink Washer Detergents Drying Dryer Drying line Folding & ironing

34 Garage/Carport Size depends on number of cars and other purposes Single car space 11x 19 to 16x 25 Double car space 20x 20 to 25x 25 Increase space for storage and/or work area May be separate structure or attached to home Style matches home Breezeway

35 Carport One or more walls removed No door provided Less expensive than garage Less protection than garage Better suited to mild climates

36 Garage Doors vary in style, construction, size Floors Slope toward doors or built-in drain 4 thick poured concrete with vapor barrier Apron connects floor to paved driveways

37 Driveways Turnaround Widths 10 for a single-car garage 18 for a double-car garage Turning radii of 15 at street Layout varies

38 Outside Living Areas Porches Built of various materials Structurally connected to the home Raised above grade Patios Located at ground level Constructed of concrete Decks Structurally connected to the home Constructed of wood


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