Presentation on theme: "Interior Planning. Differentiate between the three main areas of a house Connect prior use of tools to tool use in architectural drawing Design 3 main."— Presentation transcript:
Differentiate between the three main areas of a house Connect prior use of tools to tool use in architectural drawing Design 3 main areas of a house Analyze various kitchen types Critique basic floor plans Apply concepts of scale to everyday life Create part of a floor plan using architectural tools
Its a scaled drawing of a horizontal section through a building at a given level (usually 5-0) a diagram of the relationships between rooms, spaces and other physical features at one level of a structure Shows: location and dimensions of exterior and interior walls, windows, doors, major appliances, cabinets, fireplaces
Information in a floor plan includes: Exterior and interior walls Size and location of windows and doors Built in cabinets and appliances Permanent fixtures Stairs and fireplaces – direction, number of risers and width of stairs Patios and decks Room names Material symbols Scale, usually drawn ¼ = 1
Open vs. Closed Plans: Open Concept Rooms on the main level are not divided by walls. The line of sight leads from the front to the back of the house Good for families with kids, who want to see them at all times, when cooking, etc. This is currently a popular method of building Especially popular for smaller spaces
Open vs. Closed Plans: Closed Concept Rooms on the main level are mostly divided by walls into separate spaces. This is a more traditional method of building It allows for more privacy Better layout for larger homes than smaller homes
Its the movement of people from one area or room to another You should plan for maximum efficiency of movement Pathways should be short and not pass through other rooms too much
Where people go for privacy, to rest, go to the bathroom, etc. Located away from the busy areas (entrance, kitchen, family room, garage) Rooms Include: Bedroom Master Bedroom Bathrooms Dressing rooms Nurseries
Bedrooms: Should each have hallway access and a closet! FHA (Federal Housing Administration) Recommended Sizes: Minimum= 100 sq. feet (10X10) Average= sq. ft. Large= over 175 sq. ft. More bedrooms in a home = more sale potential
Bedroom planning considerations: How many people are sleeping in the room? What type of room is it? (a Master Suite should also have a bathroom and large closet) Leave at least 2-0 on either side of a bed larger than a double size Provide end table(s) for the bed Did you include a generously-sized closet? What other storage could be provided?
Bathrooms: Located near sleeping and living areas An average residential house will have at least1-1/2 baths Door should swing to avoid direct view of the toilet Placed near or above each other or kitchen Save money to run more plumbing pipes Avoid placing toilets under windows and having doors open directly to them Include an exhaust fan and GFCI outlets (ground fault circuit interrupter)
Bathrooms: 3 types ½ Bath contains toilet and lavatory (sink)
Bathrooms: 3 types ¾ Bath contains toilet / lav / shower or tub
Bathrooms: 3 types Full (master) Bath contains toilet / lav / shower / tub Minimum full size- 5X8 Large full sizes- 10X10, 10X12
Bathroom planning considerations: Leave15 on either side of the toilet Leave 24 in front of the toilet There should be a mirror over the sink! Is there enough light in the mirror area? The fixtures should follow common dimensions: Common tub size 30x 60 Shower size 30 x 30 to 36 x 48
Closets: Minimum Depth- 2-0 (Recommended- 30) Location near an entranceway on interior walls (noise insulation/does not reduce exterior wall space for windows) Access door types Bi-fold sliding Hinged
Interior Doors: Minimum bedroom door size = 26 W x 6-8 H Other interior door sizes- 2-3or wider in 2 increments Door should be near a corner (6 from the wall) They should swing into the room They should not hit any bathroom fixtures Do not block closets in the bedrooms Do not allow for direct viewing of a toilet!
General Rules to Consider for Sleeping Area: Rooms should be grouped together whenever possible Add switched lighting in every room (near entrance) At least two windows are recommended when there are two exterior walls Include plenty of furniture storage pieces (side tables, bureaus, etc.) Consider a spot for a TV viewable from the bed Each bedroom should have an accessible bathroom
Where people relax, entertain guests, dine, read, watch the Phillies, play Rock Band… Rooms include: Formal Living Room Family Room Den or Study Dining Room Foyer Patio, Deck, Porch, Terrace Game Room
Formal Living Room: Usually has a formal nature (reading, studying, relaxing, playing piano) Room Sizes (FHA- Federal Housing Administration) -Minimum = 150 sq. feet -Average = 250 sq. feet -Large = around 400+ sq. ft.
Formal Living Room:
Family Room: Less formal then the living room (TV- watching, playing video games) Where the family spends most of its time together
Living Room & Family room planning considerations: What is the space used for? What is the focal point of the space? How many people will it hold? What kind of furniture will be needed? Open plan or Closed plan? What kind of activities will it be used for? Special Lighting? Placement of windows is important
Dining Room: Location Near Kitchen and Living Room Room Size (FHA) Minimum= 120 sq. feet Average= 160 sq. feet Large= around 200 or more sq. feet
Dining Room planning considerations: How many people will be dining? Youll need to fit the correct-sized table. Leave at least 2-0 behind the back of a chair to the wall Open or closed plan? What works best?
Foyer (Entrance Way): Should not enter into a room, if possible Extension of entry to protect house from weather Minimum size- 6 X 6 Average size- 8 X 10 Should have a closet (min 2 X 3) Door size should be at least 3-0 x 6-8
Foyer (Entrance Way):
Other Entrance Ways: Service Entrance Entrance to mudroom or utility room Near kitchen Special Purpose Provides access to patio or deck
General Rules to Consider for Living Area: Leave a minimum of 3-0 between walls for circulation TV should be a minimum of 6-0 away from sofa, and centered in the seating area Leave a space of 1-6 between the sofa(s) and coffee table in the middle Side tables can be placed right next to furniture with no extra space left over Try not to create a traffic circulation route through the seating area. Rather, its better if you can walk around the seating area to get to the next room.
Where people perform jobs such as cooking, laundry, working with tools, etc. Rooms Include: Kitchen Clothes care center Garage Carport Storage
Kitchen: Food preparation Can be extended for dining, storage, or laundry Most expensive area of the house per square foot Most active use of any room Eat-in kitchen usually includes a small table (in addition to a separate dining room)
Kitchen: Work Triangle Consists of the distance between the refrigerator, sink, and range (stove) Perimeter of triangle should be less than 22-0
Kitchen: 6 types Straight-line Kitchen For small cottages and apartments Little cabinet space Not very interesting Not ideal for working triangle
Kitchen: 6 types L-Shaped Kitchen Located on 2 adjacent walls Efficient and usually more attractive than a straight line 2 work centers on one wall and the other on an adjacent wall Not for large kitchens
Kitchen: 6 types Corridor (Galley) Kitchen Uses two opposite walls Small to medium size (ideal for long narrow rooms) Not ideal if there is too much traffic through kitchen Leave at least 4-0 of open space between cabinets
Kitchen: 6 types U-Shaped Kitchen Popular, highly effective and attractive No traffic passes through the kitchen to other areas of house Compact work triangle Leave at least 5-6 of space between both sides of the U
Kitchen: 6 types Peninsula (G-Shape) Kitchen Peninsula is a piece of cabinetry projecting into empty space thats often used as cooking center, eating area, or food prep center Plenty of work space Traffic is reduced and work triangle is compact
Kitchen: 6 types Island Kitchen Modification of straight, L or U shaped design Island is stand-alone cabinetry accessible from all sides that may house sink, cooking center, food prep area, or counter top/snack bar 4-0 of clearance for easy access
Kitchen planning considerations: Should be located near a service entrance and provide easy access to trash containers Usually next to the dining room Cabinets/Appliances Most 34 ½ high, 24 deep Widths in 3 in increments (15, 18, 21) Wall cabinets deep high (3 increments) wide (3 increments)
Laundry Room: Washing, drying, pressing, folding, storing and mending clothes Floors = water resistant Often located in the basement b/c of noise and lack of space. Many newer houses build laundry closets on the 2 nd floor Washer and Dryer 29 wide 26 deep 43.5 high
Garage / Carport: Provides shelter for automobiles Plan with storage in mind, and a connection to the house Attached (garage) or free standing (carport) Sizes: 1 car = 11 x 19 to 16 x 25 2 cars = 20 x 20 to 25 x 25