Presentation on theme: "Three Main Areas of a House"— Presentation transcript:
1Three Main Areas of a House 3 Main Areas of a House - Unit 2Three Main Areas of a HouseInterior Planning
2Objectives Differentiate between the three main areas of a house Connect prior use of tools to tool use in architectural drawingDesign 3 main areas of a houseAnalyze various kitchen typesCritique basic floor plansApply concepts of scale to everyday lifeCreate part of a floor plan using architectural tools
3Floor PlansIt’s a scaled drawing of a horizontal section through a building at a given level (usually 5’-0”)a diagram of the relationships between rooms, spaces and other physical features at one level of a structureShows: location and dimensions of exterior and interior walls, windows, doors, major appliances, cabinets, fireplaces
4Floor Plans Information in a floor plan includes: Exterior and interior wallsSize and location of windows and doorsBuilt in cabinets and appliancesPermanent fixturesStairs and fireplaces – direction, number of risers and width of stairsPatios and decksRoom namesMaterial symbolsScale, usually drawn ¼” = 1’
5Floor Plans Open vs. Closed Plans: Open Concept Rooms on the main level are not divided by walls. The line of sight leads from the front to the back of the houseGood for families with kids, who want to see them at all times, when cooking, etc.This is currently a popular method of buildingEspecially popular for smaller spaces
6Floor Plans Open vs. Closed Plans: Closed Concept Rooms on the main level are mostly divided by walls into separate spaces.This is a more traditional method of buildingIt allows for more privacyBetter layout for larger homes than smaller homes
7Traffic CirculationIt’s the movement of people from one area or room to anotherYou should plan for maximum efficiency of movementPathways should be short and not pass through other rooms too much
8Famous TV Show Floor Plans television-show-home-floor-plans/
9Areas of a Residential Home Sleeping AreaLiving AreaService Area
10Sleeping AreaWhere people go for privacy, to rest, go to the bathroom, etc.Located away from the busy areas (entrance, kitchen, family room, garage)Rooms Include:BedroomMaster BedroomBathroomsDressing roomsNurseries
11Sleeping Area Bedrooms: Should each have hallway access and a closet! FHA (Federal Housing Administration) Recommended Sizes:Minimum= 100 sq. feet (10’X10’)Average= sq. ft.Large= over 175 sq. ft.More bedrooms in a home = more sale potential
13Sleeping Area Bedroom planning considerations: How many people are sleeping in the room?What type of room is it? (a Master Suite should also have a bathroom and large closet)Leave at least 2’-0” on either side of a bed larger than a double sizeProvide end table(s) for the bedDid you include a generously-sized closet?What other storage could be provided?
14Sleeping AreaBathrooms:Located near sleeping and living areasAn average residential house will have at least1-1/2 bathsDoor should swing to avoid direct view of the toiletPlaced near or above each other or kitchenSave money to run more plumbing pipesAvoid placing toilets under windows and having doors open directly to themInclude an exhaust fan and GFCI outlets (ground fault circuit interrupter)
15Sleeping Area Bathrooms: 3 types ½ Bath contains toilet and lavatory (sink)
16Sleeping Area Bathrooms: 3 types ¾ Bath contains toilet / lav / shower or tub
17Sleeping Area Bathrooms: 3 types Full (master) Bath contains toilet / lav / shower / tubMinimum full size- 5’X8’Large full sizes- 10’X10’, 10’X12’
18Sleeping Area Bathroom planning considerations: Leave15” on either side of the toiletLeave 24” in front of the toiletThere should be a mirror over the sink!Is there enough light in the mirror area?The fixtures should follow common dimensions:Common tub size 30”x 60”Shower size 30” x 30” to 36” x 48”
19Sleeping Area Closets: Minimum Depth- 2’-0” (Recommended- 30”) Locationnear an entrancewayon interior walls (noise insulation/does not reduce exterior wall space for windows)Access door typesBi-foldslidingHinged
20Sleeping Area Interior Doors: Minimum bedroom door size = 2’6” W x 6’-8” HOther interior door sizes- 2’-3’or wider in 2” incrementsDoor should be near a corner (6” from the wall)They should swing into the roomThey should not hit any bathroom fixturesDo not block closets in the bedroomsDo not allow for direct viewing of a toilet!
21Sleeping Area General Rules to Consider for Sleeping Area: Rooms should be grouped together whenever possibleAdd switched lighting in every room (near entrance)At least two windows are recommended when there are two exterior wallsInclude plenty of furniture storage pieces (side tables, bureaus, etc.)Consider a spot for a TV viewable from the bedEach bedroom should have an accessible bathroom
22Living AreaWhere people relax, entertain guests, dine, read, watch the Phillies, play Rock Band…Rooms include:Formal Living RoomFamily RoomDen or StudyDining RoomFoyerPatio, Deck,Porch, TerraceGame Room
23Living Area Formal Living Room: Usually has a formal nature (reading, studying, relaxing, playing piano)Room Sizes (FHA- Federal Housing Administration) -Minimum = 150 sq. feet -Average = 250 sq. feet -Large = around 400+ sq. ft.
27Living Area Living Room & Family room planning considerations: What is the space used for?What is the focal point of the space?How many people will it hold?What kind of furniture will be needed?Open plan or Closed plan?What kind of activities will it be used for?Special Lighting?Placement of windows is important
28Living Area Dining Room: Location Room Size (FHA) Near Kitchen and Living RoomRoom Size (FHA)Minimum= 120 sq. feetAverage= 160 sq. feetLarge= around 200 or more sq. feet
30Living Area Dining Room planning considerations: How many people will be dining? You’ll need to fit the correct-sized table.Leave at least 2’-0” behind the back of a chair to the wallOpen or closed plan? What works best?
31Living Area Foyer (Entrance Way): Should not enter into a room, if possibleExtension of entry to protect house from weatherMinimum size- 6’ X 6’Average size- 8’ X 10’Should have a closet (min 2’ X 3’)Door size should be at least 3’-0” x 6’-8”
33Living Area Other Entrance Ways: Service Entrance Special Purpose Entrance to mudroom or utility roomNear kitchenSpecial PurposeProvides access to patio or deck
34Living Area General Rules to Consider for Living Area: Leave a minimum of 3’-0” between walls for circulationTV should be a minimum of 6’-0” away from sofa, and centered in the seating areaLeave a space of 1’-6” between the sofa(s) and coffee table in the middleSide tables can be placed right next to furniture with no extra space left overTry not to create a traffic circulation route through the seating area. Rather, it’s better if you can walk around the seating area to get to the next room.
35Service AreaWhere people perform jobs such as cooking, laundry, working with tools, etc.Rooms Include:KitchenClothes care centerGarageCarportStorage
36Service Area Kitchen: Food preparation Can be extended for dining, storage, or laundryMost expensive area of the house per square footMost active use of any roomEat-in kitchen usually includes a small table (in addition to a separate dining room)
37Service Area Kitchen: Work Triangle Consists of the distance between the refrigerator, sink, and range (stove)Perimeter of triangle should be less than 22’-0”
38Service Area Kitchen: 6 types Straight-line Kitchen For small cottages and apartmentsLittle cabinet spaceNot very interestingNot ideal for working triangle
39Service Area Kitchen: 6 types L-Shaped Kitchen Located on 2 adjacent wallsEfficient and usually more attractive than a straight line2 work centers on one wall and the other on an adjacent wallNot for largekitchens
40Service Area Kitchen: 6 types Corridor (Galley) Kitchen Uses two opposite wallsSmall to medium size (ideal for long narrow rooms)Not ideal if there is too much traffic through kitchenLeave at least 4’-0” of open space between cabinets
41Service Area Kitchen: 6 types U-Shaped Kitchen Popular, highly effective and attractiveNo traffic passes through the kitchen to other areas of houseCompact work triangleLeave at least 5’-6” of space between both sides of the “U”
42Service Area Kitchen: 6 types Peninsula (G-Shape) Kitchen Peninsula is a piece of cabinetry projecting into empty space that’s often used as cooking center, eating area, or food prep centerPlenty of work spaceTraffic is reduced and work triangle is compact
43Service Area Kitchen: 6 types Island Kitchen Modification of straight, L or U shaped designIsland is stand-alone cabinetry accessible from all sides that may house sink, cooking center, food prep area, orcounter top/snack bar4’-0” of clearance foreasy access
44Service Area Kitchen planning considerations: Should be located near a service entrance and provide easy access to trash containersUsually next to the dining roomCabinets/AppliancesMost 34 ½” high, 24” deepWidths in 3 in increments (15”, 18”, 21”)Wall cabinets12-13” deep12”-30” high (3” increments)12”-36” wide (3” increments)
45Service Area Laundry Room: Washing, drying, pressing, folding, storing and mending clothesFloors = water resistantOften located in the basement b/c of noise and lack of space. Many newer houses build laundry closets on the 2nd floorWasher and Dryer29” wide26” deep43.5” high
47Service Area Garage / Carport: Provides shelter for automobiles Plan with storage in mind, and a connection to the houseAttached (garage) or free standing (carport)Sizes:1 car = 11’ x 19’ to16’ x 25’2 cars = 20’ x 20’ to 25’ x 25’