Presentation on theme: "Residential planning Chapter 6 and Chapter 7 (Highlights)"— Presentation transcript:
1Residential planningChapter 6 and Chapter 7 (Highlights)
2New Construction vs. Remodeling New Construction: (advantages and disadvantages)Location and orientation can be selectedCustomizedNew technology and building materialsDon’t have to live in the constructionMore expensiveTakes longerTravel time to oversee construction
3New Construction vs. Remodeling Remodeling (advantages and disadvantages)Relocation not requiredWork can be completed in stagesLess expensive than new constructionLiving in the messSubcontractors in your homeFinding surprises
4Economic Considerations Economy is an important consideration in planning space.New construction and remodeling will have limitations (maximum that can be spent) dictated by financial institution or by homeownerWhat is affordable? 2 times the annual family income although many people go up to 3 or 4 times the annual income.Interest rate, length of loan (15 yr vs. 30yr)4% = $78,000 for 15 years4% = $168,000 for 30 yearsLocationBuilding materials usedLabor rates
5Square footage vs. Material and labor Quick way to estimate is using the sq. footage method based on the average price in the neighborhood. Not as accurate as using a materials and labor quote.Material and Labor quote is more accurate
6ZonesSocial: public area and most used portion of the home. Comprised of the entry, family room, living room, media room, game room, etc.Private: Areas such as the bedroom, bathrooms, etc.Work: Kitchen, laundry, HVAC, storage, office, etc. Most of these areas should not be in direct view of guests (except the kitchen).
7Evaluating the plan Traffic patterns How do you move from room to room?Does traffic flow through the conversation areas?Does traffic flow through meal preparation area?Does guest traffic flow through private areas?Is there a good flow from a service entrance?Note: when evaluating a plan or home, don’t let the beauty of the architecture, furnishings and accessories distract your judgement.
8Evaluating the planLook for poorly located doors, windows and closets.Are they conveniently located or do they interfere with good furniture arrangements and traffic patterns.Is there adequate storage space inside and out?Is the plan effectively oriented on the site?Climate controlPrivacy/viewsGarage door openings (to side)Look for adjacencies of rooms.Do they function in relation to each other?Is the space appropriately allocated?
9Common traffic considerations Kitchen, garage, mud roomDining room to kitchenKitchen to service entranceLaundry to bedroomsBedrooms to bathrooms
10Considerations by area: Entry: Provides the first impression.No direct views into the private zones or work zones from the entry.Should have a coat closetShould not open directly into living areaApproximately 35 sq. feetAbility to view visitorslighting
11Considerations by area: Living areas, dining rooms, home offices can be viewable from entry.Should have a focal pointGood traffic flow – not through conversation areaAccess to a guest bath or powder roomShould have ample wall space for furniture placementShould not have direct view into private zones - should have a corridor that leads to the private zoneShould not have direct view into work zones
12Considerations by area: KitchenNo traffic through the work triangle (sink, cooktop and refrigerator)Garage access is nearbyAppliance doors and cabinet doors do not collidePanty is providedKitchen should not be viewable from entryStorage:Recommended 10% of total sq. footageLocation is convenientSeparate closets for men and women – walk-in ideal
13Considerations by area: Dining Rooms should be near the kitchen for ease of clean upSurface, sideboard for utensils, food etc.Consider how family eatsFormal sit downInformal sit downBuffet styleMeals on the runYoung children
14Consideration by area Bedrooms (1/3 of our lives is spent in bed!) 120 sq. feet desired, minimum of 70 sq. feet required by code 90 sq. ft. allows for a single bed, 120 allows for a double bed square feetMust have an operable windowClosets can act as sound barriers – minimum closet size is 24” deep by 5’ wideLocate remotely as possible from social areas for privacySound insulation needed in walls if adjacent to social areasAdequate wall space to plan furniture layoutDoor swings against wallSplit plans are ideal
15Considerations by area Bathrooms (ideally a 3 bedroom should have 2 full baths)Located in private zone, close to bedroomsUse back-to-back plumbingCompartmentalize in family bathroomsConsider privacy in regard to windows (not on front of houseLook at door swings – shouldn’t hit anyone standing at a vanityView into the bathroom ideally should not be a direct view of a toiletNearby linen storage neededMaster suites often have separate tub and showerMinimum size is 5’ x 7’FYI: Water closet is another name for a toilet
16Considerations by area: Laundry roomVenting accessOut of viewAcoustic insulationDrain and tile floor recommendedUtility sink and clothes rodIroning stationFolding areaCan serve as a mud roomFreezer storageClothes drop in 2-story homes or second floor laundry room
17Traffic pattern pitfalls Rooms that act as hallwaysDoor locations that force circulation through conversation areasSpaces that are too small to planTraffic pattern through work areas that tend to be messyHallways less than 3’ (ideally 3’-6”)Doors should open against a wall.
18Floor Plans Open plans – concept developed by Frank Lloyd Wright. Less expensive to buildSpace seems largerFlexible layoutsIdeal for accessibilityLacks privacysound
19Floor Plans Closed Plans Spaces walled off and have doors Provides more privacyCreates chopped up plansCan control HVAC to areas not used oftenNot easily accessibleLess flexible for furniture layouts
20Types of HousingSingle family detached: represents a house with a yard – requires more maintenance and yard work. Examples: Ranch, 1 ½ story, two-story, patio home, mobile homeAttached dwellings share walls with other residences and usually don’t have a yard. Row houses, town houses, garden homes apartments. Usually windows and doors are placed on front and back only.Multi-family such as high-rise apartments. Lacks privacy, limited on parking and usually no outdoor space
21House sizes Small: up to 1,500 sq. feet Medium: 1,500 – 3,000 sq. feet Large: Over 3,000 sq. feet
22Ways to save money – through design Smaller sq. footageTwo-story homesBack-to-back plumbingStacked fireplacesReduce number of dormer windowsUse simpler foundations (less jogs, simple rectangle)Use standard sizes and finishesPlan long-term and easy maintenanceReduce cubic feet (lower ceilings for heating/cooling)