Presentation on theme: "It costs no more to build a house with a good plan, than one with a poor plan…….in fact, it may cost less."— Presentation transcript:
It costs no more to build a house with a good plan, than one with a poor plan…….in fact, it may cost less.
Two-dimensional diagram of one or more rooms as if seen from above.
A Floor Plan is Used to: A. Judge space dimensions in a room B. Determine architectural detail placement in a room C. Study suitability to lifestyles of the family ▪ Shows basic living zones D. Putting together a decorating plan for the home
A Floor Plan Shows A. Exterior and interior walls B. Size and location of walls, windows, and doors C. Built-in cabinets and appliances D. Permanent fixtures E. Stairs and fireplaces – if included in the plan. F. Porches, patios, and decks G. Room names, closets, and approximate sizes
Shows a vertical view of the room, wall, or house as if being seen by someone standing on the ground or floor and looking at it.
1/4” = 1’ is the most common scale used in architectural and interior design drawings 1 square= ¼ inch= 1 foot Templates are drawings, symbols, cutouts etc., used to easily duplicate “too scale” items. 11’ x 10’ Room
Separate rooms enclosed by walls with an entry door. Benefits: noise reduction, privacy Drawbacks: costly, breaks up space to make it appear smaller
Fewer interior separating walls (bathroom is the exception) Benefits: saves cost of building material, home tends to appear more spacious Drawbacks: no privacy, high noise levels http://www.hgtv.com/video/free -flow-design-video/index.html http://www.hgtv.com/video/free -flow-design-video/index.html
Make a list of your NEEDS and your WANTS. Needs MUST be filled You may not have enough money to fulfill all your wants. 4 Housing Needs: Enough bedrooms Enough bathrooms Storage and closets Room for furniture and appliances
Well defined 3 basic Areas/zones Efficient Traffic and circulation patterns Use and function of rooms relationships Plenty of Storage Space Consideration Sizes and shapes of rooms Useable wall space that is not broken up with windows and doors Plumbing Lines located near one another
Indoor and outdoor space Street noise and traffic Privacy inside and outside the house Housing Orientation = Placement of the house in respect to: Compass Directions ▪ (North, South, East, West) View Sun exposure Wind Other Surroundings
A Rectangle Jogs or irregularities in shape increase the cost of the house and should be carefully judged for convenience and aesthetics.
A conservative estimate for the amount of money to be spent on a home is 2 ½ times the yearly income of the family. Cost of the home is determined by: Cubic foot (size) Location of lot, size, and placement, compass direction Type of construction Exterior and Interior finishes and fixtures Floor Plan
6. Interpret Blue Print Symbols Use the blue print key to decipher the blue prints on this floor plan. 7. Floor Plan Practice Room Using ¼” graph paper and a pencil, measure and draw the following dimensions. Remember… walls are six inches thick (1/8” scale). North Wall- 15 feet with one 6 foot window, 2 outlets South Wall- 15 feet with two 3 foot window, 1 outlet East Wall- 20 feet with one 3 foot door that swings into the room, one outlet, 1 light switch West Wall- 20 feet, a wall light, a closet with bifold doors. Place a ceiling light in the center room. Now trace everything with a black marker and a ruler, using very straight lines. Write the dimensions of each wall and label the north wall. 8. HOMEWORK – Walk through a house and evaluate.
1.Which statement about floor plans is true? A.The purpose of a floor plan is to show the three-dimensional appearance of rooms, doors, windows, storage areas, and hallways. B.The purpose of a floor plan is to show the two-dimensional appearance of rooms, doors, windows, storage areas, and hallways C.It shows the distance between the kitchen wall and base cabinets. D.The work triangle between the refrigerator, the table, and the range is shown. 2. Identify these floor plan symbols: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. WH
1.Which statement about floor plans is true? A.The purpose of a floor plan is to show the three-dimensional appearance of rooms, doors, windows, storage areas, and hallways. B.The purpose of a floor plan is to show the two-dimensional appearance of rooms, doors, windows, storage areas, and hallways.* C.It shows the distance between the kitchen wall and base cabinets. D.The work triangle between the refrigerator, the table, and the range is shown. 2. Identify these floor plan symbols: 1.Lavatory Sink 2. Shower 3. Kitchen sink 4. Fixed Window 5. French Doors 6. 110 outlet 7. Water Heater