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The New Republic UNIT 4. A New Nation Chapter 8, Section 1.

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Presentation on theme: "The New Republic UNIT 4. A New Nation Chapter 8, Section 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 The New Republic UNIT 4

2 A New Nation Chapter 8, Section 1

3 Vocabulary Precedent Cabinet National Debt Bond Speculator Unconstitutional Tariff

4 Important Actions in Washington’s First Term Actions by WashingtonActions by Congress

5 Important Actions in Washington’s First Term Actions by WashingtonActions by Congress 1.Nominated the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court 2. Appointed department heads for his cabinet 1.Created the executive departments (State, Treasury, War and Attorney General) 2. Established a Federal Courts System 3. Approved the Bill of Rights 4. Created a National Bank

6 Hamilton and Jefferson, For and Against IssueHAMILTONJEFFERSON National Bank Protective Tariffs National Taxes

7 Hamilton and Jefferson, For and Against IssueHAMILTONJEFFERSON National BankFORAGAINST Protective TariffsFORAGAINST National TaxesFORAGAINST

8 Reflection Questions 1. What precedent did Washington establish for the Title of Address for the president? Is this title of address still in use today? 2. Name the first three executive departments, name their leaders, and duties. 3. Name the two additional offices established by Congress during the summer of Describe the Judiciary Act of 1789.

9 Reflection Questions, Continue….. 5. Who introduced the Bill of Rights and when were they added to the Constitution? 6. What is the “National Debt” and what Hamilton’s plan for the debt? 7. Why did Hamilton’s plan cause such a storm of protest? 8. How did Hamilton finally compromise to settle the matter? 9. Why was the idea of a National Bank viewed as unconstitutional?

10 Discussion Question 8.1 Hamilton said about Washington, “He consulted much, pondered much, resolved slowly, and resolved surely.” Did this make Washington a good first president. Answer this question and explain your reasoning, using examples from the reading, in an MLA formatted essay of no more than 125 words.

11 Notes Quiz Why did Hamilton’s plan for the payment of the national debt cause such a storm of protest? 2. Describe the Judiciary Act of (include the inference information pertaining to why the two numbers were significant)

12 Early Challenges Chapter 8, Section 2

13 Vocabulary 1. Neutrality 2. Impressment

14 Early Republic’s Governmental Actions Governmental ActionResults Treaty of Greenville Proclamation of Neutrality Jay’s Treaty Pinckney’s Treaty

15 Early Republic’s Governmental Actions Governmental ActionResults Treaty of Greenville Native Americans gave up most lands in present say Ohio for Anglo Settlement Proclamation of Neutrality Prohibited Americans from fighting in war between France and England Jay’s Treaty British agreed to withdrawal from American soil Pinckney’s Treaty Gave Americans free navigation of the Mississippi River

16 Cause and Effect of the Whiskey Rebellion The Whiskey Rebellion

17 Cause and Effect of the Whiskey Rebellion Farmers resistance to a tax imposed on whiskey The Whiskey Rebellion a. 500 people riot b. Gov’t Used Force c. People realize laws must be changed peacefully

18 Discussion Question What message was President Washington sending to the American people when he ordered that force be used to stop the Whiskey Rebellion? 2. MLA format, about 100 words

19 Reflection Questions 1. How did the Whiskey Rebellion affect the way government handled protesters? 2. What message was Washington sending to the American people when he used force to stop the Whiskey Rebellion? 3. What did Native American groups do to fight more effectively in the Northwest? 4. Why did many Americans protest Jay’s treaty? 5. What was the impact of Washington’s farewell address?

20 The First Political Parties Chapter 8, Section 3

21 Vocabulary 1. Partisan 2. Implied Powers 3. Caucus 4. Alien 5. Sedition 6. Nullify 7. States’ Rights

22 Differences Between the Federalists and Democratic-Republicans IssueFederalistsDemocratic- Republicans Role of the Federal Government

23 Differences Between the Federalists and Democratic-Republicans IssueFederalistsDemocratic- Republicans Role of the Federal Government 1. Strong role for the Federal Government 2. Loose interpretation of the Constitution 1.Weak role for the Federal Government 2. Strong State Governments 3. Strict interpretation of the Constitution

24 Discussion Question 8.3 MLA Format No More than 125 words Do you think the development of political parties was necessary? Use examples from the reading AND/OR current events to support your position.

25 The Jefferson Era, Chapter 9

26 The Republicans Take Power Chapter 9, Section 1

27 Vocabulary 1. Laissez-Faire 2. Customs Duties

28 How did Jefferson and the new Republican government reduce the federal government? Ways Federal government was reduced

29 How did Jefferson and the new Republican government reduce the federal government? Ways Federal government was reduced Cut spending by the federal government Repeal federal internal taxes Allow Alien and Sedition Acts to expire Repeal Naturalization Act Reduce size of the army and navy

30 Appointment of “Midnight Judges” President Adams Appoints Judges

31 Appointment of “Midnight Judges” President Adams Appoints Judges Jefferson tells Madison not to send out the commissions that appoint the judges Marbury, a judge, takes his case to the Supreme Court to force delivery of the commission(s), setting up Marbury v. Madison

32 Reflection Questions 1. What were the requirements of the 12 th Amendment? 2. How did the changes that Jefferson made when he became president reflect his views about government? 3. Explain how Jefferson cut government spending. 4. How was the deadlock in the presidential election of 1800 finally resolved? 5. Summarize the Supreme Court case that established “Judicial Review.”

33 Notes Quiz Define laissez-faire, including its actual French meaning. 2. Summarize the Supreme Court case that established “Judicial Review.”

34 The Louisiana Purchase Chapter 9, Section 2

35 Vocabulary/People 1. Conestoga Wagon 2. Secede 3. Lewis and Clark (full names and importance) 4. Sacagawea 5. Zebulon Pike 6. Aaron Burr

36 Benefits of the Purchase of the Louisiana Territory Louisiana Territory

37 Benefits of the Purchase of the Louisiana Territory Louisiana Territory Cheap and abundant land for farmers was available Control of the entire Mississippi River Acquisition of the Port of New Orleans

38 Discussion Question 9.2 MLA Format About 125 words Why was the Louisiana Purchase important to Americans? Address the following: Benefit to the Nation Benefit to farmers Benefit to traders

39 Reflection Questions 1. Why was the Mississippi River vital to western farmers? 2. How was the United States threatened by the transfer of the Louisiana Territory from Spain to France? 3. Why was France willing to sell the territory to the United States? 4. What was the significance of the Lewis and Clark expedition? 5. What was the root cause of the duel between Hamilton and Burr?

40 Notes Quiz What was the significance of the Lewis and Clark expedition? 2. How was the United States threatened by the transfer of the Louisiana Territory from Spain to France?

41 A Time of Conflict Chapter 9, Section 3

42 Vocabulary 1. Tribute 2. Neutral Rights 3. Impressment 4. Embargo 5. War Hawks 6. Nationalism

43 Cause and Effect Demands for Tribute Attack on the Chesapeake Tecumseh’s Confederation Actions of the United States 0f America

44 Cause and Effect Demands for Tribute Attack on the Chesapeake Tecumseh’s Confederation Actions of the United States 0f America War with Tripoli Embargo Act Conflict with Native Americans

45 Time Line (Flow Map) 1805June 1807 December

46 Time Line (Flow Map) 1805 – The United States is neutral in war between Britain and France June 1807 – Britain’s attack on the Chesapeake does not result in a war December 1807 – Embargo Act is passed 1809 – Embargo Act is repealed and the Nonintercourse Act is passed

47 Discussion Question 9.3 MLA Format No more than 125 words How did the conflict in Europe help the American shipping industry prosper?

48 The War of 1812 Chapter 9, Section 4

49 Vocabulary 1. Frigate 2. Privateer

50 Battles in the War of 1812 BattleOutcome Lake Erie Washington, DC New Orleans

51 Battles in the War of 1812 BattleOutcome Lake Erie American forces under Perry destroyed the British forces Washington, DC British forces burned government buildings, including the White House New Orleans British forces were badly defeated by forces led by Andrew Jackson, a future president

52 Effects from the War of 1812 War of 1812

53 Effects from the War of 1812 War of 1812 The Federalist Party lost power America felt equal to other nations in the world There was a new spirit of Nationalism in America The War Hawks continued their efforts for a strong national government

54 Reflection Questions 1. Why was the United States badly unprepared for war with Britain? 2. Why was the victory by the Americans in the battle of Lake Champlain important? 3. What was the Treaty of Ghent and what issues did the treaty resolve? 4. How did Andrew Jackson use his war record to help him win the presidency in 1828? 5. How did Americans in the South and West differ with Americans in the North in their opinion about the war?

55 Notes Quiz What was the Treaty of Ghent and what issues did the treaty resolve? 2. Why was the United States badly unprepared for war with Britain? 3. Why was the victory by the Americans in the battle of Lake Champlain important?

56 Growth and Expansion Chapter 10

57 Economic Growth Chapter 10, Section 1

58 Vocabulary 1. Industrial Revolution 2. Capitalism 3. Capital 4. Free Enterprise 5. Technology 6. Cotton Gin 7. Patent 8. Factory System 9. Interchangeable Parts

59 Changes Brought on by the Industrial Revolution Industrial Revolution

60 Changes Brought on by the Industrial Revolution Industrial Revolution Cities grew as people moved to work in factories and mills Factory system allowed production to be daster and cheaper Inventions allowed agriculture to expand The U.S. grew in wealth, power, and independence

61 Benefits of the Free Enterprise System Free Enterprise System

62 Benefits of the Free Enterprise System Free Enterprise System Profit Competition Private Property Economic Freedom

63 Reflection Questions 1. Why were the first mills in Great Britain built on or near rivers? 2. Why was New England ideal for the development of factories? 3. How did the factory system work? 4. How was the Northeast different from the South in what it produced? 5. How did the Cotton Gin affect cotton production? 6. Why did cities such as Pittsburgh and Louisville grow?

64 Notes Quiz Why did cities such as Pittsburgh and Louisville grow? 2. Why was New England ideal for the development of factories (4 reasons)? 3. Who pioneered the use of interchangeable parts? 4. What three inventions revolutionized the textile industry?

65 Westward Bound Chapter 10, Section 2

66 Vocabulary I. Census II. Turnpike III. Canal IV. Lock

67 Important Elements in the Growth and Development of the United States of America Significance (Importance) National Road John Fitch Erie Canal

68 Important Elements in the Growth and Development of the United States of America Significance (Importance) National Road Connected areas of the Midwest to the East John Fitch Helped in the development of the steamboat Erie Canal Linked New York City with the Great Lakes region and inspired the building of other canals

69 Transportation Links Then and Now TRANSPORTATION LINKS FROM EAST TO WEST IN THE EARLY 1800’s MODERN TRANPORTATION LINKS TO TODAY

70 Transportation Links Then and Now TRANSPORTATION LINKS FROM EAST TO WEST IN THE EARLY 1800’s MODERN TRANPORTATION LINKS TO TODAY 1.Roads 2.Canals 3.Steamboats and Barges 4.Wagons 5.Horseback 1.Roads 2.Motor Vehicles 3.Trains 4.Planes 5.Canals 6.Boats (Ships)

71 Reflection Questions Name a modern example of a turnpike in the Metroplex. 2. What advantages did steamboat travel have over wagon and horse travel? 3. What two cities did the Erie Canal connect? 4. Describe the improvements in transportation in the westward expansion during the early 1800’s. 5. How did better transportation affect westward expansion? 6. What states were formed between 1791 and 1803?

72 Discussion Question MLA Format with “Works Cited” page and individual citation within the text of your essay. 2. No more than 100 words 3. How did canals improve travel on waterways?

73 Notes Quiz Explain a census. Include the definition, frequency, why it is required, and its purpose. 2. List the states formed between 1791 and 1803.

74 Unity and Sectionalism Chapter 10, Section 3

75 Vocabulary 1. Sectionalism 2. Internal Improvements 3. American System 4. Disarmament 5. Demilitarize 6. Court-Martial

76 Sectional Conflicts List the Four Reasons for Sectional Conflict within the United States: A. _____________________________________________ B. _____________________________________________ C. _____________________________________________ D. _____________________________________________

77 Sectional Conflicts List the Four Reasons for Sectional Conflict within the United States: A. ___Slavery____________________________________ B. ___Need for Tariffs_____________________________ C. ___National Bank______________________________ D. ___Internal Improvement such as roads and canals___

78 What are the Chain of Events in Latin American and Europe that lead to the Monroe Doctrine? The Monroe Doctrine

79 What are the Chain of Events in Latin American and Europe that lead to the Monroe Doctrine? Increased nationalism and self-confidence on the part of the United States The Monroe Doctrine Rebellions against Spanish rule in their colonies Spain asked for help in its fight against revolutionaries

80 Reflection Questions 1. Why was the period following the War of 1812 known as the Era of Good Feelings? 2. Describe the disagreement between the North and the South that resulted in the Missouri Compromise. 3. What issue did the Missouri Compromise address? 4. How did Northern and Southern attitudes towards slavery differ? 5. What action did Daniel Webster take that shows he placed his concerns for the nation above his sectional interests? 6. Why was the Supreme Court’s decision in Gibbons v. Ogden significant? 7. What areas did the United States obtain from Spain? 8. How did the Monroe Doctrine affect foreign policy?

81 Notes Quiz Define the “American System.” Include the name of the author and at least two provisions of the system. 2. Why was the Supreme Court’s decision in Gibbons v. Ogden significant? 3. What is the difference between disarmament and demilitarization? 4. Describe the disagreement between the North and the South that resulted in the Missouri Compromise. 5. How did the Monroe Doctrine affect foreign policy?

82 Discussion Question 10.3 MLA format with works cited page required. No more than 150 words. Explain the Supreme Court decision in McCulloch v. Maryland. Include the basics of the case and the final decision of the court. Why specifically was Maryland wrong in trying to tax the Second National Bank of the United States?


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