3VocabularyPrecedent Cabinet National Debt Bond Speculator Unconstitutional Tariff
4Important Actions in Washington’s First Term Actions by WashingtonActions by Congress188.8.131.52.
5Important Actions in Washington’s First Term Actions by WashingtonActions by CongressNominated the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court2. Appointed department heads for his cabinetCreated the executive departments (State, Treasury, War and Attorney General)2. Established a Federal Courts System3. Approved the Bill of Rights4. Created a National Bank
6Hamilton and Jefferson, For and Against IssueHAMILTONJEFFERSONNational BankProtective TariffsNational Taxes
7Hamilton and Jefferson, For and Against IssueHAMILTONJEFFERSONNational BankFORAGAINSTProtective TariffsNational Taxes
8Reflection QuestionsWhat precedent did Washington establish for the Title of Address for the president? Is this title of address still in use today?Name the first three executive departments, name their leaders, and duties.Name the two additional offices established by Congress during the summer of 1789.Describe the Judiciary Act of 1789.
9Reflection Questions, Continue….. Who introduced the Bill of Rights and when were they added to the Constitution?What is the “National Debt” and what Hamilton’s plan for the debt?Why did Hamilton’s plan cause such a storm of protest?How did Hamilton finally compromise to settle the matter?Why was the idea of a National Bank viewed as unconstitutional?
10Discussion Question 8.1Hamilton said about Washington, “He consulted much, pondered much, resolved slowly, and resolved surely.” Did this make Washington a good first president.Answer this question and explain your reasoning, using examples from the reading, in an MLA formatted essay of no more than 125 words.
11Notes Quiz 8.1Why did Hamilton’s plan for the payment of the national debt cause such a storm of protest?Describe the Judiciary Act of (include the inference information pertaining to why the two numbers were significant)
14Early Republic’s Governmental Actions ResultsTreaty of GreenvilleProclamation of NeutralityJay’s TreatyPinckney’s Treaty
15Early Republic’s Governmental Actions ResultsTreaty of GreenvilleNative Americans gave up most lands in present say Ohio for Anglo SettlementProclamation of NeutralityProhibited Americans from fighting in war between France and EnglandJay’s TreatyBritish agreed to withdrawal from American soilPinckney’s TreatyGave Americans free navigation of the Mississippi River
17Cause and Effect of the Whiskey Rebellion Farmers resistance to a tax imposed on whiskeyThe Whiskey Rebelliona. 500 people riotb. Gov’t Used Forcec. People realize laws must be changed peacefully
18MLA format, about 100 words Discussion Question 8.2 What message was President Washington sending to the American people when he ordered that force be used to stop the Whiskey Rebellion?MLA format, about 100 words
19Reflection QuestionsHow did the Whiskey Rebellion affect the way government handled protesters?What message was Washington sending to the American people when he used force to stop the Whiskey Rebellion?What did Native American groups do to fight more effectively in the Northwest?Why did many Americans protest Jay’s treaty?What was the impact of Washington’s farewell address?
20The First Political Parties Chapter 8, Section 3
21Vocabulary Partisan Implied Powers Caucus Alien Sedition Nullify States’ Rights
22Differences Between the Federalists and Democratic-Republicans IssueFederalistsDemocratic-RepublicansRole of the Federal Government1.2.3.
23Differences Between the Federalists and Democratic-Republicans IssueFederalistsDemocratic-RepublicansRole of the Federal Government1. Strong role for the Federal Government2. Loose interpretation of the ConstitutionWeak role for the Federal Government2. Strong State Governments3. Strict interpretation of the Constitution
24Discussion Question 8.3MLA FormatNo More than 125 wordsDo you think the development of political parties was necessary? Use examples from the reading AND/OR current events to support your position.
28Ways Federal government was reduced How did Jefferson and the new Republican government reduce the federal government?Ways Federal government was reduced
29How did Jefferson and the new Republican government reduce the federal government? Allow Alien and Sedition Acts to expireWays Federal government was reducedCut spending by the federal governmentRepeal Naturalization ActReduce size of the army and navyRepeal federal internal taxes
30Appointment of “Midnight Judges” President Adams Appoints Judges
31Appointment of “Midnight Judges” President Adams Appoints JudgesJefferson tells Madison not to send out the commissions that appoint the judgesMarbury, a judge, takes his case to the Supreme Court to force delivery of the commission(s), setting up Marbury v. Madison
32Reflection Questions What were the requirements of the 12th Amendment? How did the changes that Jefferson made when he became president reflect his views about government?Explain how Jefferson cut government spending.How was the deadlock in the presidential election of finally resolved?Summarize the Supreme Court case that established “Judicial Review.”
33Notes Quiz 9.1Define laissez-faire, including its actual French meaning.Summarize the Supreme Court case that established “Judicial Review.”
35Vocabulary/People Conestoga Wagon Secede Lewis and Clark (full names and importance)SacagaweaZebulon PikeAaron Burr
36Benefits of the Purchase of the Louisiana Territory
37Benefits of the Purchase of the Louisiana Territory Cheap and abundant land for farmers was availableAcquisition of the Port of New OrleansControl of the entire Mississippi River
38Discussion Question 9.2 MLA Format About 125 words Why was the Louisiana Purchase important to Americans?Address the following:Benefit to the NationBenefit to farmersBenefit to traders
39Reflection QuestionsWhy was the Mississippi River vital to western farmers?How was the United States threatened by the transfer of the Louisiana Territory from Spain to France?Why was France willing to sell the territory to the United States?What was the significance of the Lewis and Clark expedition?What was the root cause of the duel between Hamilton and Burr?
40Notes Quiz 9.2What was the significance of the Lewis and Clark expedition?How was the United States threatened by the transfer of the Louisiana Territory from Spain to France?
42Vocabulary Tribute Neutral Rights Impressment Embargo War Hawks Nationalism
43Cause and Effect Actions of the United States 0f America Demands for TributeAttack on the ChesapeakeTecumseh’s Confederation
44Cause and Effect Actions of the United States 0f America Demands for TributeWar with TripoliAttack on the ChesapeakeEmbargo ActTecumseh’s ConfederationConflict with Native Americans
45Time Line (Flow Map)1805June 1807December 18071809
46Time Line (Flow Map)1805 – The United States is neutral in war between Britain and FranceJune 1807 – Britain’s attack on the Chesapeake does not result in a warDecember 1807 – Embargo Act is passed1809 – Embargo Act is repealed and the Nonintercourse Act is passed
47Discussion Question 9.3 MLA Format No more than 125 words How did the conflict in Europe help the American shipping industry prosper?
50Lake Erie Washington, DC New Orleans Battles in the War of 1812 Battle OutcomeLake ErieWashington, DCNew Orleans
51Lake Erie Washington, DC New Orleans Battles in the War of 1812 Battle OutcomeLake ErieAmerican forces under Perry destroyed the British forcesWashington, DCBritish forces burned government buildings, including the White HouseNew OrleansBritish forces were badly defeated by forces led by Andrew Jackson, a future president
53Effects from the War of 1812 The Federalist Party lost power There was a new spirit of Nationalism in AmericaWar of 1812America felt equal to other nations in the worldThe War Hawks continued their efforts for a strong national government
54Reflection QuestionsWhy was the United States badly unprepared for war with Britain?Why was the victory by the Americans in the battle of Lake Champlain important?What was the Treaty of Ghent and what issues did the treaty resolve?How did Andrew Jackson use his war record to help him win the presidency in 1828?How did Americans in the South and West differ with Americans in the North in their opinion about the war?
55Notes Quiz 9.4What was the Treaty of Ghent and what issues did the treaty resolve?Why was the United States badly unprepared for war with Britain?Why was the victory by the Americans in the battle of Lake Champlain important?
60Changes Brought on by the Industrial Revolution Cities grew as people moved to work in factories and millsThe U.S. grew in wealth, power, and independenceFactory system allowed production to be daster and cheaperInventions allowed agriculture to expand
62Benefits of the Free Enterprise System CompetitionFree Enterprise SystemProfitPrivate PropertyEconomic Freedom
63Reflection QuestionsWhy were the first mills in Great Britain built on or near rivers?Why was New England ideal for the development of factories?How did the factory system work?How was the Northeast different from the South in what it produced?How did the Cotton Gin affect cotton production?Why did cities such as Pittsburgh and Louisville grow?
64Notes Quiz 10.1 Why did cities such as Pittsburgh and Louisville grow? Why was New England ideal for the development of factories (4 reasons)?Who pioneered the use of interchangeable parts?What three inventions revolutionized the textile industry?
67Important Elements in the Growth and Development of the United States of America Significance (Importance)National RoadJohn FitchErie Canal
68Significance (Importance) Important Elements in the Growth and Development of the United States of AmericaSignificance (Importance)National RoadConnected areas of the Midwest to the EastJohn FitchHelped in the development of the steamboatErie CanalLinked New York City with the Great Lakes region and inspired the building of other canals
69Transportation Links Then and Now TRANSPORTATION LINKS FROM EAST TO WEST IN THE EARLY 1800’sMODERN TRANPORTATION LINKS TO TODAY184.108.40.206.5.6.
70Transportation Links Then and Now TRANSPORTATION LINKS FROM EAST TO WEST IN THE EARLY 1800’sMODERN TRANPORTATION LINKS TO TODAYRoadsCanalsSteamboats and BargesWagonsHorsebackMotor VehiclesTrainsPlanesBoats (Ships)
71Reflection Questions 10.2Name a modern example of a turnpike in the Metroplex.What advantages did steamboat travel have over wagon and horse travel?What two cities did the Erie Canal connect?Describe the improvements in transportation in the westward expansion during the early 1800’s.How did better transportation affect westward expansion?What states were formed between 1791 and 1803?
72How did canals improve travel on waterways? Discussion Question 10.2MLA Format with “Works Cited” page and individual citation within the text of your essay.No more than 100 wordsHow did canals improve travel on waterways?
73Notes Quiz 10.2Explain a census. Include the definition, frequency, why it is required, and its purpose.List the states formed between 1791 and
76Sectional ConflictsList the Four Reasons for Sectional Conflict within the United States:A. _____________________________________________B. _____________________________________________C. _____________________________________________D. _____________________________________________
77Sectional ConflictsList the Four Reasons for Sectional Conflict within the United States:A. ___Slavery____________________________________B. ___Need for Tariffs_____________________________C. ___National Bank______________________________D. ___Internal Improvement such as roads and canals___
78What are the Chain of Events in Latin American and Europe that lead to the Monroe Doctrine?
79What are the Chain of Events in Latin American and Europe that lead to the Monroe Doctrine? Increased nationalism and self-confidence on the part of the United StatesRebellions against Spanish rule in their coloniesSpain asked for help in its fight against revolutionariesThe Monroe Doctrine
80Reflection QuestionsWhy was the period following the War of 1812 known as the Era of Good Feelings?Describe the disagreement between the North and the South that resulted in the Missouri Compromise.What issue did the Missouri Compromise address?How did Northern and Southern attitudes towards slavery differ?What action did Daniel Webster take that shows he placed his concerns for the nation above his sectional interests?Why was the Supreme Court’s decision in Gibbons v. Ogden significant?What areas did the United States obtain from Spain?How did the Monroe Doctrine affect foreign policy?
81Notes Quiz 10.3Define the “American System.” Include the name of the author and at least two provisions of the system.Why was the Supreme Court’s decision in Gibbons v. Ogden significant?What is the difference between disarmament and demilitarization?Describe the disagreement between the North and the South that resulted in the Missouri Compromise.How did the Monroe Doctrine affect foreign policy?
82Discussion Question 10.3MLA format with works cited page required.No more than 150 words.Explain the Supreme Court decision in McCulloch v. Maryland. Include the basics of the case and the final decision of the court. Why specifically was Maryland wrong in trying to tax the Second National Bank of the United States?