Presentation on theme: "Causes / Battles/ Effects of …. 1 st Four Presidents Review Washington 1789-1797 Adams 1797-1801 Jefferson 1801-809 Madison 1809-1817 Development of Government."— Presentation transcript:
1 st Four Presidents Review Washington 1789-1797 Adams 1797-1801 Jefferson 1801-809 Madison 1809-1817 Development of Government Executive & Judicial Branch Vice- Pres. & Cabinet Judiciary Act of 1789 Development of Pol. Parties Hamilton VS Jefferson Federalists VS Dem. Republicans Constitution ( strict VS loose) National Bank Elections of 1800 Tie – 12 Amendment Change in power – pol. Party New president 1809 (# 4) First President to declare war War of 1812 Hamilton’s Economic Plan Tariffs National Bank Problems w/ France XYZ Affair ( bribery) Criticism to government Develop. of Judicial Branch Marbury VS Madison Judicial Review Whiskey Rebellion Gov. reaction – strong, able to stop rebellion Alien & Sedition Acts Laws against immigrants & people criticizing Gov. Freedom of speech & press Westward Expansion 1803 Louisiana Purchase New Orleans Port & Mississippi River /France $15 million - Double size Expansion Northwest & Nat. Amer. Battle of Fallen Timbers Treaty of Greenville USA VS Spain – Pinckney’s Treaty ( New Orleans & Mississippi) USA VS England- Jay’s Treaty ( Ohio River Valley) Kentucky & Virginia Resolution States’ response to Alien & Sedition Acts Unconstitutional Constitutionality of Louisiana Purchase Constitution give power to pres. To buy new land or not Lewis & Clark Exploration Water route to Pacific Ocean Sacagawea – translating & aid w/ Native Americans Washington’s Farewell Address Neutrality -Political parties -Foreign alliances Judiciary Act of 1801 Midnight Judges Problems w/ England Attacks on US ships Impressments Embargo Act British helping Native Am. Tecumseh & Nat. unity War Hawks – war call
Warm- up Read page ___ & answer the following questions Who were the War Hawks? Why did War Hawks favor war? What were the reasons for war against Britain? When did Congress declare war on Britain? Why did Britain try to avoid war?
Video Notes – War of 1812 Important … People Places Battles Events http://www.history.com/topics/war-of-1812/videos#james-madison-and-the-war-of-1812
War of 1812 Causes – British interference in American’s affairs Impressment of US sailors Attacks & interference w/ US shipping British support to Native American resistance
Who? What? When? Where? Attack of the US Capitol Battle of the Thames – Tecumseh – Northwest Fort McHenry at Baltimore – Francis Scott Key – Star- Spangled Banner Andrew Jackson – New Orleans Treaty of Ghent – End of war
Raid of Chesapeake Bay & Attack on Washington DC British attack the US capitol Burned White House, US Capitol & other federal bldgs.
Battle of the Thames USA victory - put an end to the British threat to the Northwest Tecumseh died in the battle fighting for the British
Fort McHenry at Baltimore The British came to invade the fort. The significance of this so called "battle" was that an inspired man named Francis Scott Key wrote a poem that eventually became the "Star-Spangled Banner".
Treaty of Ghent Peace Agreement between USA & England Ended the War of 1812 December 24, 1814
Battle of New Orleans – Jan. 1815 Major General Andrew Jackson leading the Americans against the British intent on taking control of New Orleans. Final battle of the war – War already ended/ Treaty of Ghent December 1814, but the news did not reach until after the battle was over. Andrew Jackson and his army kept the British from seizing New Orleans for more than half a month. Andrew Jackson – war hero. Later will become 7 th President
Legacy of the War - Effects No clear winner : status quo / stays the same as before the war (antebellum) American Patriotism ( love & pride for country) Weakened Native American resistance Growth of American manufacturing ( US forced to produce goods that were imported before)