2 CabinetAdvisors to the President are known as the _______________
3 Members of the first (Washington’s) cabinet: State –Thomas JeffersonTreasury – Alexander HamiltonWar – Henry KnoxJustice – Edmund Randolph
4 Washington D.C.The nation’s capital was moved to ____________ from New York City.
5 This law organized the court system – Judiciary Act of 1789
6 Bill of RightsThe _______________ was added to the Constitution as a protection against the government abuse of individual rights.
7 BROAD/ELASTICInterpreting the Constitution LOOSELY or a ____________ interpretation allowed the National Bank to be established. It is based on the _______ clause in the U.S. Constitution.
8 TARIFFSProtective ___________ encourage the growth of industry.
9 Sales Tax -Excise taxThis incident allowed the national govt. to show how strong it was in upholding the laws and hierarchy set forth by the Constitution –The WHISKEY REBELLION
10 economicAlexander Hamilton’s financial plan, which included a National Bank, was proposed to strengthen the ________ position of the United States.
11 What did each of the political parties that developed at this time support?
12 Republican party of Jefferson PEOPLE have political powerStrong STATE govt.Emphasis on AGRICULTURESTRICT interpretation of Const.Pro-FRENCHOpposed National Bank & Protective Tariff
13 Federalist party of Hamilton Wealthy & well-educated should lead the nationStrong CENTRAL govt.Emphasis on MANUFACTURING,SHIPPING, TRADELOOSE interpretation of Const.Pro-BRITISHFavored NATIONAL BANK/PROTECTIVE TARIFFS
14 Federal/stateThe major political parties ultimately developed out of a conflict over the distribution of power between the __________ and __________ governments.
15 The French RevolutionThe U.S. remained neutral in this European conflict.
16 Two precedents set by WASHINGTON include remaining ______ in foreign conflicts NeutralAnd having advisors or the _______ to help the presidentCabinet
17 In his Farewell address, President Washington wanted to warn the US to avoid 2 things: Permanent foreign alliancesPolitical parties
18 Decisions of the Supreme Court under Chief Justice Marshall and policies under George Washington strengthened the power of the CENTRAL government.Central=national=federal
19 Federalist/Republican The Election of 1796 is unusual because a _______ was elected President and a ________ was elected vice-president.
20 The Alien & Sedition Act This was passed to stop criticism of President John Adams-
21 What liberty did the Sedition Act violate? Freedom of speech and of the Press
22 14 yearsHow long did it take for an alien to become a citizen during Adam’s presidency?
23 Who wrote the Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions? James MadisonThomas Jefferson
24 _________ is when states void or veto a federal law. nullify
25 Who chose the president in the election of 1800? The House of RepresentativesWHY?Jefferson & Burr tied with the same number of electoral votes
26 12thThe _______ amendment called for separate ballots for president and vice-president.
27 Louisiana Purchase 1803A major foreign policy success of President Thomas Jefferson was the ____________
28 Who explored the land for Jefferson? Lewis & Clark________ was a Native who helped them in their exploration.Sacagwea
29 Marbury V. Madison 1803Case that established JUDICIAL REVIEW – the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws unconstitutional.
30 Causes of the War of 1812:British blockade of American ships in and out of FranceImpressment of Americans“War Hawks” pressured Pres. Madison for war against EnglandEmbargo Act stopped American trade with other countries
31 ImpressmentPractice of taking American sailors and forcing them to serve in the British military-
32 War HawksGroup of Americans eager to go to war with Britain -
33 EMBARGOPresident Jefferson’s ____________ ACT hurt the US more than it hurt Britain and France.
34 RESULTS of WAR of 1812:Treaty of Ghent declares armistice with neither side winningConfirmed American IndependenceStrengthened American pride and nationalism
35 The Treaty of _______Ended the War of 1812.Ghent
36 President Washington’s Proclamation of Neutrality and President Jefferson’s Embargo Act were efforts to avoid political conflicts with _____________.Foreign nations
37 Two online REVIEWS! Go to Mrs. Fabiilli’s OR Ms. Frost’s OR Mrs. O’Neil’s WEBPAGEFor 2 quia reviews“Washington-War of 1812”