2CabinetAdvisors to the President are known as the _______________
3Members of the first (Washington’s) cabinet: State –Thomas JeffersonTreasury – Alexander HamiltonWar – Henry KnoxJustice – Edmund Randolph
4Washington D.C.The nation’s capital was moved to ____________ from New York City.
5This law organized the court system – Judiciary Act of 1789
6Bill of RightsThe _______________ was added to the Constitution as a protection against the government abuse of individual rights.
7BROAD/ELASTICInterpreting the Constitution LOOSELY or a ____________ interpretation allowed the National Bank to be established. It is based on the _______ clause in the U.S. Constitution.
8TARIFFSProtective ___________ encourage the growth of industry.
9Sales Tax -Excise taxThis incident allowed the national govt. to show how strong it was in upholding the laws and hierarchy set forth by the Constitution –The WHISKEY REBELLION
10economicAlexander Hamilton’s financial plan, which included a National Bank, was proposed to strengthen the ________ position of the United States.
11What did each of the political parties that developed at this time support?
12Republican party of Jefferson PEOPLE have political powerStrong STATE govt.Emphasis on AGRICULTURESTRICT interpretation of Const.Pro-FRENCHOpposed National Bank & Protective Tariff
13Federalist party of Hamilton Wealthy & well-educated should lead the nationStrong CENTRAL govt.Emphasis on MANUFACTURING,SHIPPING, TRADELOOSE interpretation of Const.Pro-BRITISHFavored NATIONAL BANK/PROTECTIVE TARIFFS
14Federal/stateThe major political parties ultimately developed out of a conflict over the distribution of power between the __________ and __________ governments.
15The French RevolutionThe U.S. remained neutral in this European conflict.
16Two precedents set by WASHINGTON include remaining ______ in foreign conflicts NeutralAnd having advisors or the _______ to help the presidentCabinet
17In his Farewell address, President Washington wanted to warn the US to avoid 2 things: Permanent foreign alliancesPolitical parties
18Decisions of the Supreme Court under Chief Justice Marshall and policies under George Washington strengthened the power of the CENTRAL government.Central=national=federal
19Federalist/Republican The Election of 1796 is unusual because a _______ was elected President and a ________ was elected vice-president.
20The Alien & Sedition Act This was passed to stop criticism of President John Adams-
21What liberty did the Sedition Act violate? Freedom of speech and of the Press
2214 yearsHow long did it take for an alien to become a citizen during Adam’s presidency?
23Who wrote the Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions? James MadisonThomas Jefferson
24_________ is when states void or veto a federal law. nullify
25Who chose the president in the election of 1800? The House of RepresentativesWHY?Jefferson & Burr tied with the same number of electoral votes
2612thThe _______ amendment called for separate ballots for president and vice-president.
27Louisiana Purchase 1803A major foreign policy success of President Thomas Jefferson was the ____________
28Who explored the land for Jefferson? Lewis & Clark________ was a Native who helped them in their exploration.Sacagwea
29Marbury V. Madison 1803Case that established JUDICIAL REVIEW – the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws unconstitutional.
30Causes of the War of 1812:British blockade of American ships in and out of FranceImpressment of Americans“War Hawks” pressured Pres. Madison for war against EnglandEmbargo Act stopped American trade with other countries
31ImpressmentPractice of taking American sailors and forcing them to serve in the British military-
32War HawksGroup of Americans eager to go to war with Britain -
33EMBARGOPresident Jefferson’s ____________ ACT hurt the US more than it hurt Britain and France.
34RESULTS of WAR of 1812:Treaty of Ghent declares armistice with neither side winningConfirmed American IndependenceStrengthened American pride and nationalism
35The Treaty of _______Ended the War of 1812.Ghent
36President Washington’s Proclamation of Neutrality and President Jefferson’s Embargo Act were efforts to avoid political conflicts with _____________.Foreign nations
37Two online REVIEWS! Go to Mrs. Fabiilli’s OR Ms. Frost’s OR Mrs. O’Neil’s WEBPAGEFor 2 quia reviews“Washington-War of 1812”